ORPHIC FRAGMENT 93 - OTTO KERN

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For links to many more fragments: The Orphic Fragments of Otto Kern.

SUMMARY: This fragment says that Orphéfs (Ὀρφεὺς) calls the moon “aithirial earth.”

93. (81) σχόλιον Πρόκλου επὶ Τιμαίου Πλάτωνος 40 e (III 172, 20 Diehl):

καὶ γὰρ οὐρανίαν γῆν ([Taylor, καὶ codd.) τὴν σελήνην Ὀρφεὺς προσηγόρευσε. γῆ αἰθερία ἡ σελήνη fr. 91.

“For Heaven is in Earth, and Earth is in Heaven. And here indeed, Heaven subsists terrestrially, but there Earth celestially. For Orpheus calls the moon celestial (ed. aithirial) earth.”* (trans. Thomas Taylor, 1820)

NOTES:

[1] Taylor’s note: “This is a very ancient Egyptian doctrine. And hence Kircher in his Œdipus Egyptiacus says that he read the following words engraved in a stone near Memphis: Cœlum sursum, cœlum deorsum, quod sursum id omne deorsum, hæc cape et beaberis, i.e. Heaven is above, and Heaven is beneath. Every thing which is above is also beneath. Understand this, and you will be blessed.”

[2] Taylor’s note (his text is slightly different): “Instead of καὶ γὰρ οὐρανίαν καὶ τὴν σελήνην Ὀρφεὺς προσηγόρευσεν, the sense requires that we should read καὶ γὰρ οὐρανίαν γῆν τὴν σελήνην κ.λ. [Orph. fr. 81.].”


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.

We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.

Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.

How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.


PLEASE NOTE: Throughout these pages, you will find fascinating stories. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally; a literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is often concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.

We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.

Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

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