HEPHAESTUS:

THE EPITHETS

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EPITHETS OF ÍPHAISTOS

This list of titles of the God Íphaistos (Hephaestus; Gr. Ἥφαιστος) includes all of the epithets found in Orphic Hymn 66 and more, gathered from various sources. The transliteration method used in this list is Reuchlinian and unique to this website where the emphasis is primarily on pronunciation, but to avoid confusion there are separate entries using the more familiar Erasmian spellings found in English and American universities.

Ærgastír - (ergaster; Gr. ἐργαστήρ, ΕΡΓΑΣΤΗΡ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: ἐργᾰστήρ, ῆρος, , workman, esp. in husbandry; of a smith, Orph.H.66.4. (L&S p. 682, left column, within the entries beginning from the previous page, edited for simplicity.)

Aióhnios - (aionius; Gr. αἰώνιος, ΑΙΩΝΙΟΣ) In Orphic Hymn 66.3, Íphaistos is described as aióhnios, eternal.

Lexicon entry: αἰώνιος, ον, also α, ον: — lasting for an age (αἰών 11), perpetual, eternal. 2. holding an office or title for life, perpetual. 3. = Lat. saecularis. 4. Adv. -ίως eternally, νοῦς ἀκίνητος αἰ. πάντα ὤν; perpetually. 5. αἰώνιον, τό, =ἀείζωον τὸ μέγα. (L&S p. 45, edited for simplicity.)

Aithalóeis Thæós - (Aethaloïs Theus; Gr. Αἰθαλόεις Θεός, ΑΙΘΑΛΟΕΙΣ ΘΕΟΣ) The Aithalóeis Thæós is Íphaistos, thesooty God. Lexicon entry: αἰθαλόεις, όεσσα, όεν, contr. αἰθᾰλοῦς, οῦσσα, οῦν: (αἴθαλος):—poet. Adj. smoky, sooty. II.burning, blazing, κεραυνός. 2. burnt-coloured, i.e. dark-brown. (L&S p. 37, left column, within the entries beginning with αἰθαλίδας, edited for simplicity.)

Amphiyiíeis - (Amphigyeis; Gr. Ἀμφιγυήεις, ΑΜΦΙΓΥΗΕΙΣ. Pronounced: am-phee-yee-EE-ees. Etym. ἀμφί "on both sides" + γυρός "crooked.") Amphiyiíeis is an epithet of Íphaistos, he with the crooked legs.

Clytometis - See Klytómitis.

Ergaster - See Ærgastír.

Ímæros - (hemeros; Gr. ἥμερος, ΗΜΕΡΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic Hymn 66.11, Íphaistos is described as ímæros, gentle, kind.

- Slater entry: ἥμερος, calm, quiet. b. gentle, kind. c. low, soft. (Slater p. 224, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Kartærókeir - (carterocheir, καρτερόχειρ, ΚΑΡΤΕΡΟΧΕΙΡ. Noun.) In Orphic Hymn 66.3, Íphaistos is described askartærókeir, strong-handed.

- Lexicon entry: καρτερόχειρ, καρτερόχειρος, , , strong-handed, Ἄρης h.Hom.8.3; βασιλεύς. (L&S p. 880, within the entries beginning with καρτερόφρων, edited for simplicity.)

Khalkéfs - (Chalceus; Gr. Χαλκεύς, ΧΑΛΚΕΥΣ) Khalkéfs is a smith who works in copper (or iron). The Mystical Khalkéfs is Íphaistos (Hephaestus; Gr. Ἥφαιστος), the God of Forms.

Klytómitis - (Clytometis; Gr. Κλυτόμητις, ΚΛΥΤΟΜΗΤΙΣ) Lexicon entry: κλῠτόμητις, ι, gen. ιδος, famous for skill, epith. of Hephaestus; of Apollo; of Asclepius. (L&S p. 963, left column, within the entries beginning with κλυτόβουλος, edited for simplicity.)

Krataiós - (Crataeus; Gr. κραταιός, ΚΡΑΤΑΙΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic Hymn 66.9, Íphaistos is described as krataiós, mighty.

- Lexicon entry: κρᾰταιός, ά, όν, poet. form of κρατερός, strong, mighty; οἱ κ. the Mighty Ones, lamb.Myst.8.4, Dam.Pr.351: Astrol., κ. ἡγεμόνες, divinities presiding over certain periods of the month. (L&S p. 990, right column, within the entries beginning with κρᾰταιβάτης, edited for simplicity.)

Kyllopodíohn - (Cyllopodium; Gr. Κυλλοποδίων, ΚΥΛΛΟΠΟΔΙΩΝ) Lexicon entry: κυλλοποδίων [], ονος, , (πούς)club-footed, halting, epith. of Hephaistos: voc. κυλλοπόδῑον. (L&S p. 1008, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Mægasthænés - (megasthenes; μεγασθενές, ΜΕΓΑΣΘΕΝΕΣ. Adj.) In Orphic Hymn 66.1, Íphaistos is called mægasthænés, possessing great strength.

- Slater entry: μεγασθενής = μεγαλοσθενής, of great strength. (L&S p. 1087, within the entries beginning withμεγᾰλόσαρκος, edited for simplicity.)

Mákar - (Gr. μάκαρ, ΜΑΚΑΡ. Adj. masc. & fem. nom. sing.) Íphaistos is mákar, blessed, as are all the Gods. (Orphic Hymn 66.10)

- Lexicon entry: μάκαρ [v. infr.], ᾰρος, , also μάκαρς; μάκαρ as fem. μάκαιρα :— blessed, happy, prop. epith. of the Gods, as opp. mortal men, μάκαρες the Blessed Ones. (L&S p. 1073, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Omvrimóthymos - (ombrimothymos; Gr. ὀμβριμόθυμος, ΟΜΒΡΙΜΟΘΥΜΟΣ = ὀβρῐμόθῡμος.) In Orphic Hymn 66.1, Íphaistos is described as omvrimóthymos, doughty, indomitable.

- Lexicon entry: (ὀμβριμόθυμος, v.) = ὀβρῐμόθῡμος, ον, strong of spirit, Hes.Th.140, h.Hom.8.2 : written ὀμβριμόθυμος, Orph.Fr.169.12. (L&S p. 1196, right column near the top of the page within the entries beginning with ὀβριμόγυιος from the left column.)

Pamphágos - (Gr. παμφάγος, ΠΑΜΦΑΓΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic Hymn 66.5, Íphaistos is described as pamphágos, all-devouring.

- Lexicon entry: παμφάγος [], ον, all-devouring, voracious. (L&S p. 1295, left column, within the entries beginning from the previous page, edited for simplicity.)

Pandamátohr - (pandamator; Gr. πανδαμάτωρ, ΠΑΝΔΑΜΑΤΩΡ. Noun.) In Orphic Hymn 66.3, Íphaistos is described aspandamátohr, he who subdues all.

- Lexicon entry: πᾰνδᾰμάτωρ [μᾰ], ορος, , (δαμάω) the all-subduer, all-tamer, of sleep; of time; κεραυνός, etc.:—pecul. fem. πανδᾰμάτειρα, Orph.H.10.26. (L&S p. 1296, right column, within the entries beginning with πᾰνᾰώριος, edited for simplicity.)

Pantodíaitos - (Gr. παντοδίαιτος, ΠΑΝΤΟΔΙΑΙΤΟΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: παντοδίαιτος [], ον, all-consuming, Orph.H.66.5. (L&S p. 1300, right column, within the entries carried over from the previous column.)

Panypǽrtatos - (panypertatos; Gr. πανυπέρτατος, ΠΑΝΥΠΕΡΤΑΤΟΣ. Noun.) In Orphic Hymn 66.3, Íphaistos is calledpanypǽrtatos, the highest of all.

- Lexicon entry: πανῠπέρτατος, η, ον, highest of all. 2. supreme, Call.Jov.91, Orph. H.19.2, al. (L&S p. 1301, right column, within the entries beginning with πάνυγρος, edited for simplicity.)

Phaæsímvrotos Daimohn - (phaesimbrotos daemon; Gr. φαεσίμβροτος δαίμων, ΦΑΕΣΙΜΒΡΟΤΟΣ ΔΑΙΜΩΝ) In Orphic Hymn 66.2, Íphaistos is called phaæsímvrotos (light-bringing) Daimohn (divinity). The word φαεσίμβροτος (adj.) specifically means bringing light to mortals.

Phohsphóros - (phosphorus; Gr. φωσφόρος, ΠΦΣΦΟΡΟΣ) In Orphic Hymn 66.3, Íphaistos is described as phohsphóros, light-bringing or a torch-bearer.

- Lexicon entry: φωσφόρος (parox.), ον, poet. φαοσφόρος, φαεσφόρος Call.Dian.204, etc.:— bringing or giving light; φ. ἀστήρ (ed. star), of Dionysus at the Mysteries. b. Subst., ὁ φ. (sc. ἀστήρ), the light-bringer, i.e. the morning-star, a name specially given to the planet Venus. 2. of the eye. II. torch-bearing, epith. of certain deities, esp. of Hecate; φ. θεά (sc. Ἄρτεμις); of Hephaestus, Orph.H.66.3. III. φωσφόρος, , torch-bearer, title of a priestess, Κλεοπάτρας θεᾶς. (L&S p. 1968, right column, within the entries beginning with φωσφόρεια, edited for simplicity.)

Polýolvos - (polyolbus; Gr. πολύολβος, ΠΟΛΥΟΛΒΟΣ. Adj.) Íphaistos is polýolvos, rich in blessings (Orphic Hymn 66.9).

- Lexicon entry: πολύολβος, ον, very wealthy, of persons and countries; sumptuous, expensive. II. Act., rich in blessings. (L&S p. 1440, right column, within the entries beginning with πολύνυμφος, edited for simplicity.)

Pyr - (Gr. πῦρ, ΠΥΡ) In Orphic Hymn 66.1, Íphaistos is called an ἀκάματον (untiring) pyr, fire.

Pyrohtís - (Pyrotes; Gr. Πυρωτής, ΠΥΡΩΤΗΣ) The pyrohtís is one who works with fire, a smith. Íphaistos is the Divine Pyrohtís who works with the forms.

Sethlans - Sethlans is the Etruscan name for Íphaistos.

Tæknodíaitos - (technodiaitos; Gr. τεχνοδίαιτος, ΤΕΧΝΟΔΙΑΙΤΟΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: τεχνοδίαιτος [], ον, living in art, of Hephaestus, Orph.H.66.3. (L&S p. 1785, right column.)

Volcanus - Volcanus is the Latin name for Íphaistos.

Vulcan - Vulcan is the anglicized form of Volcanus, who is Íphaistos.

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.

We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.

Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.

How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.

This logo is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia, Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase (Γῆς παῖς εἰμί καὶ Οὐρανοῦ ἀστερόεντος) are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara, κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo, Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus, Ὀρφεύς).

PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.

We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.

Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

S PELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages:

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek

Transliteration of Ancient Greek

Pronouncing the Names of the Gods in Hellenismos

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