ORPHIC FRAGMENT 123 - OTTO KERN

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For links to many more fragments: The Orphic Fragments of Otto Kern.

SUMMARY: This fragment discusses three rivers of the underworld and Ôkæanós (Ὠκεανός).

123 (155) σχόλιον Ὀλυμπιοδώρου επὶ Φαίδωνος Πλάτωνος C III οςʹ p. 202, 12 Norv.:

ὅτι οἱ παραδιδόμενοι τέσσαρες ποταμοὶ κατὰ τὴν Ὀρφέως παράδοσιν τοῖς ὑπογείοις ἀναλογοῦσι τέσσαρσι στοιχείοις τε καὶ κέντροις κατὰ δύο ἀντιθέσεις, ὁ μὲν γὰρ Πυριφλεγέθων τῶι πυρὶ καὶ τῆι ἀνατολῆι, ὁ δὲ Κωκυτὸς τῆι γῆι καὶ τῆι δύσει, ὁ δὲ Ἀχέρων ἀέρι τε καὶ μεσημβρίαι. τούτους μὲν Ὀρφεύς οὕτω διέταξεν, αὐτὸς δὲ τὸν Ὠκεανὸν τῶι ὕδατι καὶ τῆι ἄρκτωι προσοικειοῖ.

“Four rivers come down to us through the transmission of Orphéfs (Ὀρφεύς) in the subterranean regions, like unto four of a series, and in the center between two opposing fields. For the Pyriphlæyǽthôn (Πυριφλεγέθων) River extends by fire in the East, the Kôkytós (Κωκυτός) by earth in the West, and the Akhǽrôn (Ἀχέρων) by the air in the Southern regions, as indeed Orphéfs ordained, but the river Ôkæanós (Ὠκεανός) extends by water and is associated with the North.” (trans. by the author)

Cf. CIII λβʹ p. 192, 21 Norv. et eundem in Μετεωρολογικά Ἀριστοτέλους II 2 p. 355 b 20 (141, 26 Stueve) et σχόλιον Πρόκλου επὶ Τιμαίου Πλάτωνος 32 b (II 49, 9 ss. Diehl).


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology. Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.

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We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.

Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

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