F- An Illustrated Glossary of Hellenic Polytheism




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PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this Glossary, you will find fascinating stories. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally; a literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is often concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

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ABBREVIATIONS: A list of abbreviations used in the glossary can be found on this page: GLOSSARY HOME PAGE

F, The letter - When modern Greek is transliterated into Roman characters, the letter f is usually used to represent PHI (Φ, φ, ϕ). On this website, in most instances, we are using ph to represent PHI (Φ, φ, ϕ) in the transliteration of Greek words, except in occasional instances where using the English letter f may be easier to read. See Pronunciation of Ancient Greek and Transliteration of Ancient Greek.

faith, belief, and opinion - See pistis; see doxa.

Fates - Please visit this page: Destiny: Míra - Pæprohmǽno - Eimarmǽni.

Festivals - For a list of some of the festivals we practice, visit this link: Festivals of Hellenismos.

Ficino, Marsilio - Born near Florence in Figline 1433, died 1499 at Careggi. Marsilio Ficino was a major figure of the Italian Renaissance for his work in the revival of Platonism and Hermeticism. He was influenced by Byzantine scholars visiting Italy during the Council of Ferrara-Florence (The Council of Unity). One of these scholars was Plíthohn (Georgius Gemistus Plethon; Gr. Γεώργιος Γεμιστός Πλήθων), the pagan Platonist in the entourage of the Byzantine Emperor, Yánnis I' Palaiológos (John VIII Palaiologos; Gr. Ίωάννης Η' Παλαιολόγος). The ruler of Florence, Cosimo de' Medici, was impressed with Ficino and made him the first head of his newly created Platonic Academy, gave him a villa in Careggi, and commissioned him to begin the translation of the Platonic dialogues into Latin. This he did, and in addition to Plátohn (Plato; Gr. Πλάτων), he translated many other works such as writings of Próklos (Proclus; Gr. Πρόκλος), Porphýrios (Porphyry; Gr. Πορφύριος), Iámvikhos (Iamblichus; Gr. Ἰάμβλιχος), Plohtínos (Plotinus; Gr. Πλωτῖνος), Psællós (Psellos; Gr. Ψελλός), and the Corpus Hermiticum of Ærmís o Trismǽyistos (Hermes Trismegistus; Gr. Ἑρμῆς ὁ Τρισμέγιστος). Ficino's work played the leading role in the ensuing Platonic revival that has ramifications to this day. (source: Marsilio Ficino, edited Angela Voss, 2006, North Atlantic Books; mostly from the General Editor's Preface, pp. ix-xi by Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke.)Fifth Element - 1. The fifth element, or Platonic solid, of which all the Kózmos (Cosmos; Gr. Κόσμος) is made, is the Dohdækáædron (Dodecahedron; Gr. Δωδεκάεδρον), called quintessence, the kozmic sphere, and later identified with Aithír (Aether; Gr. Αἰθήρ) [ref. Πλάτων Τίμαιος 58d]. 2. Aristotǽlis (Aristotle; Gr. Ἀριστοτέλης) called Aithír the fifth element; thus, we have the four classical elements, Earth, Water, Air, and Fire, but with Aithír added to make five. See also Aithír and Elements, The Classical.

Fire - (Fire; Gr. Πῦρ) Fire or in ancient Greek, Pyr, is one of the classical elements See Elements, The Classical.

Firebrands - Firebrands is asked for in Orphic hymn 3 Night (Νύξ) as an incense offering, as translated by Apostolos N. Athanassakis (The Orphic Hymns, 1977; The Society of Biblical Literature, p. 7). Thomas Taylor translates this same as "torches." (The Hymns of Orpheus, 1792, p. 115) The actual Greek is dalous (Gr. δαλούς), which would appear to be a form of dalós (Gr. δᾱλός, δ, [δαίω]), represented by the English word firebrands. (L&S p. 368, left column). Firebrands is defined as a piece of burning wood or other material (The New Century Dictionary of the English Language, 1927, The Century Co./Collier, 1944 edition, p. 575, left column); therefore, perhaps sandalwood, aloes-wood, Storax calamitas (black styrax), or some other fragrant wood would be appropriate as an offering. The text calls for thumíama dalous. Thumiama (θυμίαμα), is a Greek word meaning "incense" (L&S p. 809, right column, among the entries beginning with θῡμιάζω); therefore, the connotation must be to burn the wood for its fragrance.

Frankincense - Please visit this page: Frankincense.

Form = Morphi (Gr. Μορφή) See Morphi.

Freedom - Please visit this page: FREEDOM - ÆLEFTHÆRIA.

Fthinoporini Isimeria - See Phthinopohriní Isimæría.

Furies, the - See Evmænídæs.

ABBREVIATIONS: A list of abbreviations used in the glossary can be found on this page: GLOSSARY HOME PAGE

The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kosmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages:

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek

Transliteration of Ancient Greek

Pronouncing the Names of the Gods in Hellenismos

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