ORPHIC FRAGMENT 125 - OTTO KERN
For links to many more fragments: The Orphic Fragments of Otto Kern.
SUMMARY: This fragment identifies the four rivers of the Underworld with the four classical elements.
125. (156) σχόλιον Ὀλυμπιοδώρου επὶ Φαίδωνος Πλάτωνος D ρμέ p. 241, 5 Norv.:
ὅτι οἱ τέτταρες ποταμοὶ τὰ τέτταρα στοιχεῖά ἐστι τὰ ἐν τῶι Τάρταροςωι, ὁ μὲν Ὠκεανός, φησι, τὸ ὕδωρ, ὁ δὲ Κωκυτὸς ἤτοι Στύγιος ἡ γῆ, ὁ δὲ Πυριφλεγέθων τὸ πῦρ, ὁ δὲ Ἀχέρων ὁ ἀήρ. ἀντικεῖσθαι δὲ τῶι μὲν Πυριφλεγέθοντι τὸν Στύγιον, ὡς θερμὸν ψυχρῶι, τῶι δὲ Ὠκεανῶι τὸν Ἀχέροντα, ὡς ὑδραῖον ἀερίωι· διὸ καὶ Ὀρφεὺς τὴν Ἀχερουσίαν λίμνην ἀερίαν καλεῖ.
“The four rivers are the four elements; so it is in Tártaros (Τάρταρος). He says that while Ôkæanós (Ὠκεανός) is water, the Kôkytós (Κωκυτὸς) and Stýyios (Στύγιος, i.e. Στύξ) is earth; but the Pyriphlæyǽthôn (Πυριφλεγέθων) is fire, while the Akhǽrôn (Ἀχέρων) is air. And opposing the Pyriphlæyǽthôn is the Stýyios, thus heating in cold; and opposing Ôkæanós is the Akhǽrôn, thus water to air. Wherefore, also, Orphéfs (Ὀρφεὺς) calls the Akhærousian Lake airy.”(trans. by the author)
The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology. Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.
This logo is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia, Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara, κιθάρα), the the lyre of Apóllôn (Apollo, Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus, Ὀρφεύς).
PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.
SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages:
PHOTO COPYRIGHT INFORMATION: The many pages of this website incorporate images, some created by the author, but many obtained from outside sources. To find out more information about these images and why this website can use them, visit this link: Photo Copyright Information
DISCLAIMER: The inclusion of images, quotations, and links from outside sources does not in any way imply agreement (or disagreement), approval (or disapproval) with the views of HellenicGods.org by the external sources from which they were obtained.
Further, the inclusion of images, quotations, and links from outside sources does not in any way imply agreement (or disagreement), approval (or disapproval) by HellenicGods.org of the contents or views of any external sources from which they were obtained.
For more information: Inquire.email@example.com
For answers to many questions: Hellenismos FAQ
© 2010 by HellenicGods.org. All Rights Reserved.