ORPHIC FRAGMENT 180 - OTTO KERN

ORPHIC FRAGMENT 180 - OTTO KERN

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For links to many more fragments: The Orphic Fragments of Otto Kern.

SUMMARY: Several fragments concerning the relationship of Íphaistos (Ἥφαιστος) and brass, and how he a kozmic artificer who is involved in the creation of the heavens.

180. (211) σχόλιον Συριανοῦ τὰ μετὰ τὰ φυσικά Ἀριστοτέλους B 2 p. 997 b 34 (26, 23 ss. Kr.):

ὅτι μέντοι τὰς ἀνάλογον (sc. ἁπασῶν τῶν τεχνῶν αἰτίας) καὶ ἐν θεοῖς ἔστιν ἐπινοεῖν, δηλοῦσι καὶ οἱ θεόλογοι Κύκλωπας καὶ Ἥφαιστον χαλκέας καὶ οἰκοδόμους οὐκ ὀκνοῦντες καλεῖν, οὐδὲ Ἀθηνᾶι καὶ Κόρηι τὴν ὑφαντικὴν ἀποκληροῦν.

σχόλιον Πρόκλου επὶ Τιμαίου Πλάτωνος 23 d. e (I 143, 7 Diehl):

διὰ ταῦτα γὰρ καὶ ὑπὸ τῶν θεολόγων [sc. ὁ Ἥφαιστος] λέγεται χαλκεύειν, ὡς στερεῶν καὶ ἀντιτύπων ἐργάτης, καὶ διότι χάλκεος ὁ οὐρανὸς ὡς μίμημα ὢν τοῦ νοητοῦ καὶ ὁ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ποιητὴς χαλκεύς.

“On this account also he (Ἥφαιστος) is said by theologists to fashion things from brass, as being the artificer of resisting solids. And because the heavens are [said to be] brazen, as being an imitation of the intelligible, the maker of the heavens is likewise [fabled to be] a brazier.” (trans. Thomas Taylor, 1820)

Idem paulo antea (I 142, 18 Diehl):

ἄνωθεν οὖν ἡμεῖς ἀπὸ τῶν θεολόγων τὰς περὶ αὐτοῦ [sc. Ἡφαίστου] πίστεις ἐπενέγκωμεν ταῖς ἡμετέραις παραδόσεσιν. ὅτι μὲν οὖν τῦς δηιουργικῆς ἐστι σειρᾶς, ἀλλ' οὐχὶ τῆς ζωιογονικῆς ἢ συνοχικῆς ἢ ἄλλης τινός, δηλοῦσιν οἱ θεολόγοι χαλκεύοντά τε αὐτὸν καὶ κινοῦντα τὰς φύσας καὶ ὅλως ἐργοτεχνίτην παραδιδόντες.

“(With respect to Vulcan [Ἥφαιστος], how may some one decide, so as not perfectly to fail in his conceptions of the power of the God? For the assertions of the multitude concerning him, belong to things which must be entirely rejected. But that which is said by those whose notions are more intellectual is indeed true, but requires no small degree of confirmation.) We shall therefore introduce to our discussion from theologists, credibility concerning this divinity. That Vulcan then is of the demiurgic, but not of the vivific, or connective, or any other series, is manifested by theologists, when they represent him as fashioning things from brass, employing the bellows, and, in short, when they call him the artificer.” (trans. Thomas Taylor, 1820)

Idem in Parmenid. 130 c p. 829, 16 Cous.:

αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ μέγας Ἥφαιστος συμβολικῶς ἂν λέγοιτο χαλκεύειν τὸν οὐρανόν, v. in Tim. 36 d (II 281, 20 s. Diehl).

“Whereas mighty Íphaistos (Ἥφαιστος) is only symbolically said to have made the vault of heaven of bronze.” (trans. by the author)

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.

We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.

Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.

How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.

The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).

PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.

Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

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Pronunciation of Ancient Greek

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Pronouncing the Names of the Gods in Hellenismos

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