ORPHIC FRAGMENT 113 - OTTO KERN
For links to many more fragments: The Orphic Fragments of Otto Kern.
SUMMARY: This fragment consists of several quotations discussing the etymology of Οὐρανὸς.
113. (90) Ἀπορίαι καὶ λύσεις περὶ τῶν πρώτων ἀρχῶν εἰς τὸν Πλάτωνος Παρμενίδην Δαμασκίου 257 (II 125, 24 Rue.):
καὶ ὁ τοῦ Ὀρφέως Οὐρανὸς
‘οὖρος πάντων καὶ φύλαξ’
εἶναι βούλεται· | 125 Rue. καὶ Φοίνικες δὲ καὶ Αἰγύπτιοι τῆιδε τῆι τάξει τὸ φρουρητικὸν ἐγκατοικίζουσιν.
“From (the writings of) Orphéfs (Ὀρφεύς), Ouranós is
‘the limit and guardian of everything’
“being as he is willing to do so; and even the Phoenicians and the Egyptians establish him in the category of guardianship.” (trans. by the author)
Lobeck I 503 qui Damascii locum falso Tatio in Arat. p. 85 (v. infra) attribuit; Holwerda 313; Kern Herm. XXIII 1888, 486 n. XV.
Cf. fr. 96 de Sole.
ὕμνος Ὀρφέως IV Οὐρανοῦ vs. 5:
αἰθέριος χθόνιός τε φύλαξ πάντων περιβληθείς.
“Aithîrial earthly guardian, encircling everything.” (trans. by the author)
Ἐπιδρομή τοῦ Κορνοῦτου 1,4 Lang (οὐρανὸς):
οὖρος ὢν ἄνω πάντων καὶ ὁρίζων τὴν φύσιν· | 2 L. ἔνιοι δέ φασιν ἀπὸ τοῦ ὠρεῖν ἢ ὠρεύειν τὰ ὄντα, ὅ ἐστι φυλάττειν, οὐρανὸν κεκλῆσθαι.
“(He is) the lofty guardian of everything, albeit, marking out the order of nature. But some declare (his name is derived) from ὠρέω (no definition available) or ὠρεύω (“to care for”) existing things, this being φυλάσσω (“to keep guard”); (thus, therefore,) to call himself Oὐρανός.” (trans. by the author)
Εἰσαγωγὴ εἰς τὰ Ἀράτου φαινόμενα τοῦ Ἀχιλλέως Τατίου 36, 13 Μααβ:
οὐρανός δὲ ἠτυμολόγηται, ἤτοι ἐπεὶ ὅρος παλαιός ἐστιν ἢ ἐπεὶ σφαιροειδὴς ὢν ἔνδοθεν αὑτοῦ ἡμᾶς οὐρεῖ, ὅ ἐστι φυλάσσειν.
“οὐρανός etymologies: To be sure, you find that ὅρος (“boundary”) is ancient or you find being from within itself σφαιροειδὴς (“spherical”),and we (find) οὐρεῖ (? “to make water”), (or) it is φυλάσσειν (“to guard”).” (trans. by the author)
The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology. Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.
The logo is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia, Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara, κιθάρα), the the lyre of Apóllôn (Apollo, Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus, Ὀρφεύς).
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We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.
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