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THE ORPHIC HYMN TO ASKLIPIÓS


67. Ἀσκληπιοῦ


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INTRODUCTION TO THE ORPHIC HYMN TO ASKLIPIÓS

Asklipiós (Asclepius; Gr. Ἀσκληπιός) is one of the great Gods of healing in Ællinismόs (Hellenismos; Gr. Ἑλληνισμός), the ancient Greek religion. He is the mighty son of the mightiest of these: Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). All creatures, both human and otherwise, are subject to the miseries of illness and it is no wonder that in ancient times there were numerous temples to Asklipiós throughout Europe. 

The Orphic hymn to the God is very simple and direct and is used by those of our religion to supplicate the God for healing. Let us examine the hymn in both ancient Greek and in translation.


TRANSLATION BY THOMAS TAYLOR

67. Asklipiós [Asclepius or Esculapius; Gr. Ἀσκληπιός]

The Fumigation from Manna.

Great Esculapius, skill'd to heal mankind,
All-ruling Pæan, and physician kind;
Whose arts medic'nal, can alone assuage
Diseases dire, and stop their dreadful rage:
Strong lenient God, regard my suppliant pray'r,
Bring gentle Health, adorn'd with lovely hair;
Convey the means of mitigating pain,
And raging, deadly pestilence restrain.
O pow'r all-flourishing, abundant, bright,
Apollo's honor'd offspring, God of light;
Husband of blameless Health, the constant foe
Of dread Disease the minister of woe:
Come, blessed saviour, and my health defend,
And to my life afford a prosp'rous end.

ANCIENT GREEK

67. Ἀσκληπιοῦ, θυμίαμα, μάνναν.

Ἰητὴρ πάντων Ἀσκληπιέ, δέσποτα Παιάν,
θέλγων ἀνθρώπων πολυαλγέα πήματα νούσων,
ἠπιόδωρε, κραταιέ, μόλοις κατάγων ὑγίειαν,
καὶ παύων νούσους χαλεπὰς θανάτοιο τε κῆρας.
αὐξιθαλής κόρε, ἀπαλεξίκακ’, ὀλβιόμοιρε,
Φοίβου Ἀπόλλωνος κρατερὸν θάλος ἀγλαότιμον,
ἐχθρὲ νόσων, Ὑγίειαν ἔχων σύλλεκτρον ἀμεμφῆ,
ἐλθέ, μάκαρ, σωτήρ, βιοτῆς τέλος ἐσθλὸν ὀπάζων.

 

TRANSLITERATION (Reuchlinian method)

67. Asklipiou, thymíama, mánnan..

Iitír pándon Asklipiǽ, dǽpota Paián,
thǽlgohn anthróhpohn polyalyǽa pímata nousohn,
ipiódohræ, krataiǽ, mólis katágohn yyíeian,
Kai pávohn nousous khalæpás thanátio tæ kíras.
afxithalís kóræ, apalæxíkak’olviómiræ,
Phívou Apóllohnos kratærón thálos aglaótimon,
ækhthrǽ nósohn, Yyíeian ǽkhohn sýllæktron amæmphí,
ælthǽ, mákar, sohtír, viotís tǽlos æsthlón opázohn.


BREAKDOWN OF THE HYMN

67. Ἀσκληπιοῦ (Asklipiós, gen.), θυμίαμα (incense), μάνναν (mánna)

Ἰητὴρ (healing) πάντων (all, gen.) Ἀσκληπιέ (Asklipiós, voc.), δέσποτα (lord) Παιάν (physician),
θέλγων (enchant) ἀνθρώπων (mankind) πολυαλγέα (many pains) πήματα (misery) νούσων (disease),
ἠπιόδωρε (soothing, bountiful), κραταιέ (strong), μόλοις (come) κατάγων (bring down) ὑγίειαν (health),
καὶ (and) παύων (cease) νούσους (illnesses) χαλεπὰς (difficult) θανάτοιο (death) τε κῆρας (fate).
αὐξιθαλής (promoting growth) κόρε (boy), ἀπαλεξίκακ’ (keeping off ill), ὀλβιόμοιρε (blessed),
Φοίβου (Phívos) Ἀπόλλωνος (Apóllohn) κρατερὸν (mighty) θάλος (scion) ἀγλαότιμον (honored),
ἐχθρὲ (hated) νόσων (of disease), Ὑγίειαν (Ὑγίεια) ἔχων σύλλεκτρον (partner) ἀμεμφῆ (blameless),
ἐλθέ (come), μάκαρ (blessed one), σωτήρ (savior), βιοτῆς (a living) τέλος (end) ἐσθλὸν (good) ὀπάζων (give, cause)
.

 

LITERAL TRANSLATION (trans. James Van Kollenburg)

67. Asklipiós, Incense: mánna 

Healer of all Asklipiós, master physician,
You charm away the many pains, misery, and disease of man,
Come, soothing and doughty one. Give me health,
And end my maladies and the strident certainty of death.
Oh! Boy who bolsters growth, warding off ills, blessed one!
Mighty honored son of Phívos Apóllohn,
Foe of disease, perfect ally of Yyíeia,
Come, blessed one, savior, lead my life to a fortunate end.


The story of the birth of the GodsOrphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.
How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.

  

The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The 
Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς). 



PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as 

 

, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek        

 

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