ORPHIC FRAGMENT 215 - OTTO KERN

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For links to many more fragments: The Orphic Fragments of Otto Kern.

SUMMARY: After the dismemberment of Diónysos, the (Orphic) theologists say that Átlas was established in the western regions, holding up the heavens. 

215.  (205) σχόλιον Πρόκλου επὶ Τιμαίου Πλάτωνος 24 e (I 173, 1 Diehl):  

καὶ γὰρ θεολόγοι μετὰ τὸν τοῦ Διονύσου διασπασμόν, ὃς δηλοῖ τὴν ἐκ τῆς ἀμερίστου δημιουργίας μεριστὴν πρόοδον εἰς τὸ πᾶν ὑπὸ (del. dubitanter Kroll) τοῦ Διός, τοὺς μὲν ἄλλους Τιτᾶνας ἄλλας λήξεις διακεκληρῶσθαί φασι, τὸν δὲ Ἄτλαντα ἐν τοῖς πρὸς ἑσπέραν τόποις ἱδρῦσθαι ἀνέχοντα τὸν οὐρανόν·

Ἄτλας δ' οὐρανὸν εὐρὺν ἔχει κρατερῆς ὑπ' ἀνάγκης,
πείρασιν ἐν γαίης. (Θεογονία Ἡσιόδου 517)

Theologists also after the laceration of Bacchus (Διόνυσος), which manifests the divisible progression into the universe under Jupiter (Ζεύς) from the impartible fabrication, say that the other Titans had different allotments, but that Atlas was established in the western parts, sustaining the heavens.

‘By strong necessity the wide-spread heav’n
In earth’s extremes, by Atlas was sustain’d.’ ” (Θεογονία Ἡσιόδου 517)
(trans. Thomas Taylor, 1820)

Cf. σχόλιον Σιμπλικίου επὶ περὶ οὐρανοῦ Ἀριστοτέλους 284 a 14 p. 375, 12 Heib.: 

εἰ δὲ μῦθος ὄντως ἐστὶ θεῖόν τι κρύπτων ἐν ἑαυτῶι καὶ σοφόν, λεγέσθω, ὅτι Ἄτλας εἷς μέν ἐστι καὶ αὐτὸς τῶν περὶ τὸν Διόνυσον Τιτάνων, διὰ δὲ τὸ μὴ τελέως ἐξαμαρτεῖν εἰς αὐτόν, τουτέστι μὴ κατὰ τὴν Τιτανικὴν μόνην διάκρισιν ἐνεργῆσαι περὶ τὴν Διονυσιακὴν δημιουργίαν, ἀλλ' ἀποκλίνειν πως καὶ πρὸς τὴν Δΐιον συνοχὴν κατ' ἄμφω τὰς ἰδιότητας ἐνεργεῖ κτλ. 

But if the myth is actually God-sent, concealing in itself wisdom, it says that indeed Átlas is himself uniquely involved in the case concerning Diónysos with the Titans, but not through failing in his aim, that is to say, not below the Titanic monad of dissolution in the case of Dionysian creation, but he, turning aside in some way also to Zefs, as though traveling together in a chariot, following both of their specific active properties.” (trans. by the author)


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.
Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.
How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.


The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia, Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara, κιθάρα), the the lyre of Apóllôn (Apollo, Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus, Ὀρφεύς).


PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek             

 

Transliteration of Ancient Greek             

 

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