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GLOSSARY OF THE ANCIENT CARNEIAN FESTIVAL

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GLOSSARY OF TERMS RELATED TO THE ANCIENT SPARTAN FESTIVAL OF THE KÁRNEIA FOR APOLLO:

Hieromenia - See Iærominía.

Iærominía - (Hieromenia; Gr. Ίερομηνία, ΙΕΡΟΜΗΝΙΑ) Sacred Month, during which the great festivals, such as the Karneia, were held, and war was avoided.

Kardía - (cardia; Gr. καρδία, ΚΑΡΔΙΑ) heart.

Karnæoníkai (Carneonicae; Gr. Καρνεονῖκαι, ΚΑΡΝΕΟΝΙΚΑΙ) a text by Ællánikos (Hellanikos, Ἑλλάνικος) on the victors of the Kárneian games.

Karnæátai - (Carneatae; Gr. Καρνεᾶται, ΚΑΡΝΕΑΤΑΙ) unmarried men dedicated to Apollo, chosen to be the grape-cluster-runners, the staphylodromi, during the festival of the Kárneia.

Karnæoníkis - (Carneonikes; Gr. Καρνεονίκης, ΚΑΡΝΕΟΝΙΚΗΣ) victor of the Kárneian games.

Karnásion - (Carnasium; Gr. Καρνάσιον, ΚΑΡΝΑΣΙΟΝ) = Karneiásion

Karneiásion - (Carneiasium; Gr. Καρνειάσιον, ΚΑΝΕΙΑΣΙΟΝ) a grove sacred to Apollo Karneios.

Kárneios - (Carneius; Gr. Κάρνειος, ΚΑΡΝΕΙΟΣ) title of Apollo in Sparta and Spartan colonies.

Kárnon - (carnon; Gr. κάρνον, ΚΑΡΝΟΝ) Gallic horn.

Kárnos - (carnus; Gr. κάρνος, ΚΑΡΝΟΣ. Cf. κέρας) ram.

Kárnyx - (carnux; Gr. κάρνυξ, ΚΑΡΝΥΞ) = Kárnon. Gallic horn.

Kǽras - (ceras; Gr. κέρας, ΚΕΡΑΣ) horn of an animal.

Kærovátis - (Cerobates; Gr. Κεροβάτης, ΚΕΡΟΒΑΤΗΣ. Noun. Etym. κέρας "horn" + βάτης "one who treads) horn-footedhaving hoofs.

Keras - See Kǽras.

Phrátriai - (phratriae; Gr. φράτριαι, ΦΡΑΤΡΙΑΙ; from φράτρα “clan”) During the Kárneia, each skiádæs was further divided into three phrátriai.

Sciades - See Skiádæs.

Skiádæs - (sciades; Gr. σκιάδες, ΣΚΙΑΔΕΣ; meaning "canopies” or “sunshades") During the festival of the Kárneia, there were nine skiádæs, a structure resembling a tent, each of which housed nine men under the command of a herald.

Staphylodromi(staphylodromoi; Gr. σταφυλοδρομοι, ΣΤΑΦΥΛΟΔΡΟΜΟΙ) the grape-cluster-runners during the Kárneian festival. They were unmarried men dedicated to Apóllohn Kárneios (karnæátai) and who held this duty for four years.


The story of the birth of the GodsOrphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.
How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.

  

The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia, Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase (Γῆς παῖς εἰμί καὶ Οὐρανοῦ ἀστερόεντος) are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara, κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo, Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus, Ὀρφεύς).



PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as 

  
 

mythology

  
 

, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek         

 

Transliteration of Ancient Greek         

 

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