ÍRA (Hera): THE EPITHETS

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EPITHETS OF ÍRA
(Abbreviations can be found at the bottom of this page: Glossary Home)

This list of titles of the Goddess Íra (Hera; Gr. Ἥρᾱ) includes all of the epithets found in Orphic Hymn 16 and more, gathered from various sources. The transliteration method used in this list is Reuchlinian and unique to this website where the emphasis is primarily on pronunciation, but to avoid confusion there are separate entries using the more familiar Erasmian spellings found in English and American universities.


Aærómorphos - (aeromorphus; Gr. ἀερόμορφος, ΑΕΡΟΜΟΡΦΟΣ. Etym. ἀέρος "air" + μορφή "form.") In Orphic hymn 16.1, Íra is called aærómorphoshaving the form of air, for she is in union with Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) who is swirling through the heavens generating, together with her, everything that is.

Bunæa - See Vounaia.

Callistephanus - See Kallistǽphanos.

Chrysothronus - See Khrysóthronos.

Daughter of lovely-haired Rǽa - (Gr. Ρέα εὔκομος θυγάτηρ, ΡΕΑ ΕΥΚΟΜΟΣ ΘΥΓΑΤΗΡ) The Goddess Íra is daughter of lovely-haired Rǽa (Rhea; Gr. Ρέα).

Exacesterius - See Exakæstírios.

Exakæstírios - (Exacesterius; Gr. Ἐξακεστήριος, ΕΞΑΚΕΣΤΗΡΙΟΣ) Exakæstírios is a surname of Íra meaning one who averts evils.
- Lexicon entry: ἐξᾰκεστήριοςαονremedying evil; epith. of Hera. 2. expiatory. (L&S p. 582, right column, within the entries beginning with 
ἐξᾰκέομαι, edited for simplicity.)

Heré = Íra.

Íppios - (hippius; Gr. ἵππιος, ÍΠΠΙΟΣ) - Lexicon entry: ἵππιοςαον, (ἵππος) poet. form of ἵππειος (q. v.), of a horse or horses; epith. of Poseidon as creator of the horse; hence, of Colonos as sacred to him; also of Athena; of Hera, at Olympia; of Ares. II. of horsemen or the horse-race. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Juno - Juno is the primary Roman name for Íra.

Kallistǽphanos - (callistephanus; Gr. καλλιστέφανος, ΚΑΛΛΙΣΤΕΦΑΝΟΣ) Lexicon entry: καλλιστέφᾰνοςονbeautiful-crowned, of Demeter, Homeric Hymn Demeter 251, 295; of Hera. (L&S p. 868, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Khíra - (Cera; Gr. Χήρα, ΧΗΡΑ) Khíra is a name for Íra meaning, literally, widow, but having more the connotation of mistress, a woman of authority.

Khrysóthronos - (Chrysothronus; Gr. Χρυσόθρονος, ΧΡΥΣΟΘΡΟΝΟΣ) Lexicon entry: χρῡσόθρονοςονwith throne of gold, epith. of Hera, Artemis and Eos, Il.1.611; of Cyrene, Pi.P.4.260; of Isis, Hymn.Is. 7:—poet. word. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Kydra - See Kydrí.

Kydrí - (cydra; Gr. κυδρή, ΚΥΔΡΗ, fem. of κυδρόςKydrí is a title of Goddesses meaning gloriousillustriousnoble.
- Lexicon entry: (κυδρή is the fem. of:) κῡδρόςάόν, (κῦδος) = κυδάλιμος, in Hom. always in fem., as epith. of Hera and Leto, Διὸς κυδρὴ παράκοιτις; of Pallas; Δίκη; θεαί, of the Nymphs. (L&S p. 1005, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Mákaira - (macaira; Gr. μάκαιρα, ΜΑΚΑΙΡΑ; fem. of μάκαρ.Íra is mákairablessed (Orphic hymn 16.2) as are all the deathless Gods.

Pambasileia - See Pamvasíleia.

Pamvasíleia - (pambasileia; Gr. παμβασίλεια, ΠΑΜΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΑ) In Orphic hymn 16.2, Íra is called pamvasíleia, thequeen of all.
- Lexicon entry: παμβᾰσῐλειᾰqueen of allall-powerful queen; of Persephone. (L&S p. 1294, left column, within the entries beginning with παμβασιλεία [accent on the penultimate syllable and an entirely different word], edited for simplicity.)

Pancrates - See Pangkratís.

Pangkratís - (pancrates; Gr. παγκρατής, ΠΑΓΚΡΑΤΗΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: παγκρᾰτήςές, (κράτοςall-powerful, epith. of Zeus; also of Μοῖρα; of Hera; of Apollo; of Athena. (L&S p. 1284, right column, within the entries beginning with παγκρατευτής, edited for simplicity.)

Pantoyǽnæthlos - (pantogenethlos; Gr. παντογένεθλος, ΠΑΝΤΟΓΕΝΕΘΛΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 16.4, Íra is described aspantoyǽnæthlosall-generating. Orphic fragment 132 says that Zefs generates everything in conjunction with Íra and that she is his equal. 
- Lexicon entry: παντογένεθλοςον
all-generatingfather of all, Ζεύς Orph.H.15.7. (L&S p. 1300, left column, within the entries beginning with παντοβᾰρής.)

Polyóhnymos - (polyonymus; Gr. πολυώνυμος, ΠΟΛΥΩΝΥΜΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 16.9, Íra is described aspolyóhnymoshaving many names.
- Lexicon entry: πολῠώνῠμοςον, poet.:— having many names2. of divinities, worshipped under many names. (L&S p. 1446, left column, within the entries beginning with πολυωνυμέω, edited for simplicity.)

Pótnia - (Gr. πότνια, ΠΟΤΝΙΑ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: πότνια, poet. title of honour, used chiefly in addressing females, whether Goddesses or women: as Subst., = δέσποιναmistressqueen (v. sub fin.), πότνια θηρῶν (nom.) queen of wild beasts, of Artemis; τὰν ἐρώτων πότνιαν, of Aphrodite. 2. in pl. of the Eumenides, ὦ πότνιαι δεινῶπες; of Demeter and Kore. 3. as Adj., reveredaugust, in Hom. of Hebe, Enyo, Calypso, Circe; most freq. of Hera; in Hes. of Hera, Tethys, and Peitho; Νίκη; esp. in invocation; μᾶτερ π., addressed to Earth. (L&S p. 1455, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Psykhotróphos - (psychotrophus; Gr. ψυχοτρόφος, ΨΥΧΟΤΡΟΦΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 16.3, Íra is described as providing gentle winds which are psykhotróphos, they sustain the soul.
- Lexicon entry: ψῡχοτρόφοςονsustaining life or soul
αὖραι Orph.H.16.3.

Uni - Etruscan deity identified as Íra/Juno.

Vounaia - (Bunæa; Gr. βουναία, ΒΟΥΝΑΙΑ)
- βουναία, ἡ, epith. of Íra, because her temple stood on a vounós (bunos; Gr. βουνός, ed. a hill) Paus.2.4.7. ( [3] L&S p. 326, left column)

Zoógonos Dæá - (Zoogonos; Gr. ζωόγονος Δεά, ΖΩΟΓΌΝΟΣ ΔΕΑ) "Juno is called by the Orphic theologers, according to Proclus Ζωόγόνος Δεά, or the vivific Goddess: an epithet perfectly agreeing with the attributes ascribed to her in this Hymn (ed. Orphic Hymn 16 To Ira, or XV. To Juno in the Taylor trans.).  And in Theol. Plat. p. 483, he says that Juno is the source of the soul's procreation." (The Hymns of Orpheus, trans. Thomas Talyor 1792, note to hymn XV. To Juno, p. 140) 
- producing animals, generative; name of Apollo; producing life. (L&S p. 760, left column at the very top, as a sub-heading under ζωογονέω, edited for simplicity.) 


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: MythologyDictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.
Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.


The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).



PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as 

, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

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