ÁRTÆMIS - ΑΡΤΕΜΙΣ


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3. 
Ártæmis  (Artemis; Gr. Ἄρτεμις, ΑΡΤΕΜΙΣPronunciation: AHR'-tæ-mees
     
One of the most important deities of Ællinismόs (Hellenismos; Gr. Ἑλληνισμός), the ancient Greek religion, and one of the Twelve Olympian Gods, Ártæmis is the twin sister of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). She is the daughter of Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) and the Titan Goddess Litóh (Leto; Gr. Λητώ). Ártæmis, like her twin brother Apóllohn, is the natural progression of Litóh. Apóllohn and Ártæmis are both emanations of Litóh-souls with twin characteristics. Ártæmis was born before her brother on the island of Ortiyía (Ortygia; Gr. Ορτυγία), near Syrákousai (Syracuse; Gr. Συράκουσαι). Some sources say that they were both born on Dílos and that Ortiyía was an ancient name for the island.


Generalities Concerning the Goddess Ártæmis

Ártæmis is a virgin Goddess, like Athiná (Athena; Gr. Ἀθηνᾶ) and Æstía (Hestia; Gr. Ἑστία), but this virginity is a type of purity having nothing to do with mortal sex. 

Ártæmis is unblemished and overflowing with wholesomeness, energy, and health, all of which she bestows on others.

Ártæmis protects children, young girls before they marry, and the sucklings and young of wild-life. 

Ártæmis assists in childbirth. 

Ártæmis protects the flocks.

Ártæmis has dominion over the moon. 

Ártæmis is the huntress who pursues game with her dog, the Agathós Daimohn (Agathos Daemon; Gr. Ἀγαθὸς Δαίμων), or rather her many dogsthe game she pursues are the beautiful souls in need of progression. Ártæmis, like her brother, possesses the bow and arrow; the arrow she dispatches is a mighty fire that pushes the soul forward to great aræti (arete; Gr. ἀρετή), the highest virtue. She is also described in the mythology as using her arrows to punish her enemies. She is also shown hunting and is, therefore, the Goddess of the chase.

The worship of both Ártæmis and Apóllohn is believed to have come from the Ypærvóreiï (Hyperboreans; Gr. Ὑπερβόρειοι). The Orphic hymns suggest the offering of manna to the Goddess. Other suitable offerings include cakes in the shape of stags, goats, and dogs.

Of animals, the stag, boar, and dog are sacred to Ártæmis. Amongst plants, the fir-tree is sacred to her.


Ártæmis in Iconography

Ártæmis is usually depicted as a youthful, wholesome, and vigorous young woman wearing a simple tunic, with a stag or a dog by her side. The Goddess is never depicted naked, but she is athletic, with her legs exposed up to the knee. She exhibits absolute confidence and, while completely feminine, has something masculine about her. She carries a bow and a quiver of arrows, often pulling one out. 

Often the hair of Ártæmis is tied up and appears short, but at times long and braided. She is commonly presented with Apóllohn (and Litóh) by her side. Her chariot is drawn by four stags having antlers of gold.

Ártæmis of Ǽphæsos (Ephesus; Gr. Ἔφεσος) wears a gown covered with Orphic eggs. These eggs are the beautiful souls which she gathers close to her heart. The garment is also adorned with various animals and it extends down to her ankles. She bears a tall crown on her head. 

As the Goddess who has dominion over the Moon, Ártæmis wears a long flowing gown. The crescent moon is above her head, which is covered with a veil. In her hand is often a torch.


The Orphic Hymn to Ártæmis

Please visit this page for a thorough examination of the Orphic hymn to Ártæmis, a veritable snapshot of the essence of the Goddess. It includes the Thomas Taylor translation, the original Greek text, an easy transliteration of the Greek text for anyone who may wish to learn the hymn in ancient Greek, and a word-by-word examination of the poem: The Orphic Hymn to Ártæmis


Ártæmis and Orphismós

Ártæmis rules the third Orphic House, the month of Toxótis (SagittariusGr. Τοξότης) from November 21 to December 20, and her dominion is the Natural Law of Ænǽryeia (Energy; Gr. Ἑνέργεια). The Divine Consort of the Goddess Ártæmis is her twin brother Apóllohn. The Orphic Hymns suggest the offering of Manna to Ártæmis.


A contemporary hymn: Hymn to Ártæmis


THE MANY NAMES OF ÁRTÆMIS

Please visit this page: The Epithets of Ártæmis


The story of the birth of the GodsOrphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.


The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The 
Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).


PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as 

, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

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