POSEIDÓHN: THE EPITHETS

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EPITHETS OF POSEIDÓHN
(Abbreviations can be found at the bottom of this page: Glossary Home)

This list of titles of the God 
Poseidóhn (Poseidon; Gr. Ποσειδῶν) includes all of the epithets found in Orphic Hymn 17 and more, gathered from various sources. The transliteration method used in this list is Reuchlinian and unique to this website where the emphasis is primarily on pronunciation, but to avoid confusion there are separate entries using the more familiar Erasmian spellings found in English and American universities.


Ælikóhnios - (Heliconius; Gr. Ἑλικώνιος, ΕΛΙΚΩΝΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ἙλῐκώνιοςαονHeliconianof HeliconπαρθένοιII. title of Poseidon, Ἑ. ἄναξ Il.20.404: acc. to Sch., from Helice in Achaia, where he was especially honoured, 8.203. (L&S p. 533, right column)

Æmpýlios - (Empylios; Gr. Ἐμπύλιος, ΕΜΠΥΛΙΟΣat the gateepith. of Artemis Hecate, Orphǽohs Argonaftiká 902: Boeot. ἐμπύληος ( = -λαιος), epith. of Poseidon at Thebes, IG 7.2465 (iv/iii B. C.).  (L&S p. 549, left column)

Ænnosíyaios - (Ennosigaeus; Gr. Ἐννοσίγαιος, ΕΝΝΟΣΙΓΑΙΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 17.4, Poseidóhn is called ÆnnosíyaiosEarth-shaker.
Lexicon entry: Ἐννοσίγαιος [σῐ], , Ep. for Ἐνοσίγ-, Earth-shaker, as a name of Poseidon, Il.13.43
. (L&S p. 570, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Æpakmónios - (Epakmonius; Gr. Ἐπακμόνιος, ΕΠΑΚΜΟΝΙΟΣ) Æpakmónios is an epithet of Poseidóhn in Viohtía (Boeotia; Gr. Βοιωτία).

Æpóptis - (epoptes; Gr. ἐπόπτης, ΕΠΟΠΤΗΣ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: ἐπόπτηςου, (ἐπόψομαιoverseerwatcher, esp. of a God; title of Poseidon. (L&S p. 676, left column, within the entries beginning with ἐποπτεία, edited for simplicity.)

A
glaotríaina - (Gr. Ἀγλαοτρίαινα, ΑΓΛΑΟΤΡΙΑΙΝΑ) Aglaotríaina is an epithet of Poseidóhn meaning he of the bright trident.

Alídoupos - (Gr. ἁλίδουπος, ΑΛΙΔΟΥΠΟΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: ἁλίδουποςονsea-resounding, of Poseidon, Orph.H.17.4. (L&S p. 65, right column, within the entries beginning with ἁλιδνοφεῖ.) 

Ánax - (Gr. Ἄναξ, ΑΝΑΞ) Ánax is king.
- Lexicon entry: 
ἄναξ [], ἄνακτος (cf. Ἄνακες), , rarely fem. ὦ ἄνα for ἄνασσα:—lordmaster1. of the Gods, esp. Apollo; of Zeus; Poseidon, of Πλοῦτος; esp. of the Dioscuri, cf. Ἄνακες, Ἄνακοι; of all the Gods. (L&S p. 114, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Baructupos - See Varýktypos.

Eftríaina - (Eutriaina; Gr. Εὐτρίαινα, ΕΥΤΡΙΑΙΝΑ) Eftríaina is an epithet of Poseidóhn meaning of goodly trident (Gr. τρίαινα).

Empylios - See Æmpýlios.

Ennosigaeus - See Ænnosíyaios.

Epakmonius - See Æpakmónios.

Epoptes - See Æpóptis.

Gaieochus - See Yaiíokhos.


Heliconius - See Ælikóhnios.

Íppios - (hippius; Gr. ἵππιος, ÍΠΠΙΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 17.2, Poseidóhn is described as íppios, a horseman or protector of horses because he is said to have created the horse (Homer; Gr. Ὅμηρος. Iliás xxiii. 277).
- Lexicon entry: ἵππιοςαον, (ἵππος) poet. form of ἵππειος (q. v.), of a horse or horses; epith. of Poseidon as creator of the horse; hence, of Colonos as sacred to him; also of Athena; of Hera, at Olympia; of Ares. II. of horsemen or the horse-race. (L&S p. 834, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Kharitóhpis - (charitopes; Gr. χαριτώπης, ΧΑΡΙΤΩΠΗΣ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: χαρῐτώπηςου, (ὤψgraceful of aspectOrph.H.17.5 (ed. of Poseidóhn): fem. χαριτῶπιςιδος. (L&S p. 1980, left column, within the entries beginning with χαρῐτόω, edited for simplicity.)

K
ronios - Kronios is a name of Poseidóhn used by the Latin poets.

Kyanokhaitis - (kyanochaites; Gr. κυανοχαίτης, ΚΥΑΝΟΧΑΙΤΗΣ. Noun.) In Orphic hymn 17.1, Poseidóhn is described as kyanokhaitisdark or blue-haired, like the sea.
- Lexicon entry: κυᾰνοχαίτηςουdark-haired, in Hom. usu. of Poseidon, perh. in reference to the dark blue of the sea, Il.20.144, Od.9.536, cf. Hes. Th.278. (L&S p. 1004, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Kymothalís - (cymothales; Gr. κυμοθαλής, ΚΥΜΟΘΑΛΗΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: κῡμοθᾰλήςέςabounding with waves, of Poseidon, Orph.H.17.5. (L&S p. 1009, right column, within the entries beginning with κῡμοδέγμων.)

Neptune - Neptune is the Roman name for Poseidóhn.

Nethuns - Nethuns is the Etruscan name for Poseidóhn. 

Nymphayǽtis - (Gr. Νυμϕᾱγέτης, ΝΥΜΦΑΓΕΤΗΣ) Nymphayǽtis is a name of Poseidóhn meaning leader of the Nymphs.
- Lexicon entry: νυμφγέτςουleader of the Nymphs, epith. of Poseidon, Corn.ND 22; of Pan, IG42(1).130.15 (Epid.) ; cf. νυμφηγέτης.  (L&S p. 1184, left column, within the entries beginning with νυμφᾱγενής)

Orsotríaina - (Gr. Ὀρσοτρίαινα, ΟΡΣΟΤΡΙΑΙΝΑ) The Orsotríaina is Poseidóhn, the wielder of the Trident (Gr. τρίαινα).

Pontomǽdohn - (pontomedon; Gr. ποντομέδων, ΠΟΝΤΟΜΕΔΩΝ. Noun.) In Orphic hymn 17.4, Poseidóhn is called pontomǽdohnlord of the sea, for it is the Sea and the Middle Sky from the Earth to the Moon which is his dominion.
- Lexicon entry: ποντομέδωνοντοςlord of the sea, of Poseidon. (L&S p. 1448, right column, within the entries beginning with ποντοθήρης, edited for simplicity.)

Sæmnós - (semne; Gr. σεμνός, ΣΕΜΝΟΣσεμνός is masculine; σεμνή is feminine.Lexicon entry: σεμνόςήόν, (σέβομαιreveredaugustholyI. prop. of Gods, e.g. Demeter; Hecate; Thetis; Apollo; Poseidon; Pallas Athena; at Athens the Erinyes were specially the σεμναὶ θεαί2. of things divine. II. of human or half-human beings, reverendaugust2. of human things, auguststatelymajestic. (L&S p. 1591, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Seisichthon - See Seisíkhthohn.

Seisíkhthohn - (seisichthon; Gr. σεισίχθων, ΣΕΙΣΙΧΘΩΝ) Lexicon entry: σεισίχθωνονοςearth-shaker, epith. of Poseidon, cf. ἐνοσίχθων; of Zeus, Orph.H.15.8. (L&S p. 1589, left column.)

Semnos - See Sæmnós.

Tæmænítis - (Temenites; Gr. Τεμενίτης, ΤΕΜΕΝΙΤΗΣ) Lexicon entry: τεμενίτης [], ου, = τεμένιος: at Syracuse, Apollo of the Temenos (i.e. the precinct of Demeter and Persephone), Θουκυδίδης 6.75; τεμενίτης also epith. of Poseidon at Myconus; of Zeus at Amorgos: fem., ἡ ἄκρα ἡ Τεμενῖτις the height on which was the TemenosΘουκυδίδης 7.3.

Temenites - See Tæmænítis.

Yaiíokhos - (Gaieochus; Gr. γαιήοχος, ΓΑΙΗΟΧΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 17.1Poseidóhn is described as yaiíokhoshe who holds the earth.
- Lexicon entry: γαιήοχος (also γαιηοῦχος, Hsch.), Dor. γαιάοχοςονγαιάϝοχος:—epith. of Poseidon, earth-movingearth-carryingIl.13.43. (L&S p. 335, right column, within the entries beginning with γαιηγενής, edited for simplicity.)

Varýktypos - (baructupos; Gr. βαρύκτυπος, ΒΑΡΥΚΤΥΠΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 17.4, Poseidóhn is described as varýktyposloud-thundering.
- Lexicon entry: βᾰρῠκτῠποςονheavy-soundingloud-thundering, epith. of Zeus; of Poseidon; also of the sea. (L&S p. 307, right column, within the entries beginning with βᾰρῠκάρδιος, edited for simplicity.)


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: MythologyDictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.
Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.


The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).



PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

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