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ÁRTÆMIS: THE EPITHETS
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EPITHETS OF ÁRTÆMIS
(A list of abbreviations can be found near the bottom of this page: GLOSSARY)

This list of titles of the Goddess Ártæmis (Artemis or Diana; Gr. Ἄρτεμις) includes all of the epithets found in Orphic Hymn 36 and more, gathered from various sources. The transliteration method used in this list is Reuchlinian and unique to this website where the emphasis is primarily on pronunciation, but to avoid confusion there are separate entries using the more familiar Erasmian spellings found in English and American universities.

Abnoba - Keltic Goddesses identified with Diana/Artemis.  She was worshiped on the edge of the Black Forest and a sandstone depiction of her "shows the Goddess in standing position, dressed in a short chiton.  She is accompanied by a dog which has just caught a hare."  (Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 1)

Acrea - See Ákræa.

Ækáti - (hecate; Gr. ἑκάτη, ΕΚΑΤΗ) Lexicon entry: ἕκᾰτος, shortd. fr. ἑκατηβόλος (ed. far-darting), epith. of Apollo,—fem. ἑκάτη, epith. of Artemis. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Ækatibólos - (hecatebolos; Gr. ἑκατηβόλος, ΕΚΑΤΗΒΟΛΟΣ) - Lexicon entry: ἑκᾰτηβόλοςον, Dor. ἑκατᾱ - (q.v.), epith. of Apollo; also of Artemis. (Expld. by the ancients as, = far-darting, Hsch., etc. (or, shooting a hundred βέλη, Id.) ; but perh. originally, hitting the mark at will, cf. ἑκάεργος.) (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Ælaphivólos - (elaphebolos; Gr. ἐλαφηβόλος, ΕΛΑΜΦΗΒΟΛΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 36.10, Ártæmis is called ælaphivólosdeer-hunter, the deer being representative of the vehicle of the soul.
Autenrieth entry: ἐλαφηβόλος: (ἀνήρdeer-hunterIl.18.319†. (Autenrieth p. 105, left column.)

Ælefsínia - (Eleusinia; Gr. Ἐλευσίνια, ΕΛΕΥΣΙΝΙΑ; fem. of Ἐλευσίνιος.) Lexicon entry: Ἐλευσίνια is fem. of: Ἐλευσίνιος,αονof Eleusis; epith. of Zeus in Ionia; of Artemis in Sicily and Antioch; but mostly of Demeter. (L&S p. 532, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Æmpýlios - (Empylios; Gr. Ἐμπύλιος, ΕΜΠΥΛΙΟΣat the gate, epith. of Artemis HecateOrphic Argonautika 902: Boeot. μπύληος ( = -λαιος), epith. of Poseidon at Thebes, IG 7.2465 (iv/iii B. C.).  (L&S p. 549, left column)

Æÿplókamos - (eüplokamus; Gr. ἐϋπλόκαμος, ΕΥΠΛΟΚΑΜΟΣ; also εὐπλόκαμος.) Lexicon entry: ἐϋπλόκᾰμος, Ep. ἐϋπλ-, ονwith goodly locksfair-haired, epith. of Goddesses and women, in Hom., etc., esp. of Eos and Artemis; later also of boys and men. (L&S)

Agní - (hagni; Gr. ἁγνή, ΑΓΝΗ, fem. of ἁγνός.) Lexicon entry: ἁγνός, ή, όν, (cf. ἅγιος)  pure, chaste, holy: of places and things dedicated to Gods, hallowed2. of divine persons, chaste, pure, Hom., mostly of Artemis, χρυσόθρονος Ἄ. ἁ..; also ἁ. Περσεφόνεια; of Demeter; Apollo; Zeus; of the attributes of Gods. II. after Hom., of persons, undefiled, chaste2. pure from bloodguiltless3. generally, pureupright. (L&S p. 12, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Aiolómorphos - (Gr. αἰολόμορφος, ΑΙΟΛΟΜΟΡΦΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 36.12Ártæmis is described asaiolómorphosof changeful form.
- Lexicon entry: 
αἰολόμορφοςονof changeful form, Orph.H.4.7, etc. (L&S p. 40, right column, within the entries beginning with αἰολόβουλος.)


A
kraios - See Ákræa.

Ákræa - (Acrea; (Gr. Ἄκρεα, ΑΚΡΕΑ) Ákræa means girl.
- Lexicon entry:  v. ἀκραῖος. II ἀκρέα, ἡ, girl (Maced.). Hsch. (L&S p. 55, left column)
- from a mountain of that name, near Argos (Gr. Ἄργος) (CM p. 160; CM may mean Akraios [Gr. Ἀκραῖος]: dwelling on heights, an epithet of deities who had temples on a promontory
)

Acraeus (L) = Akraios (Gr.). See Ákræa.

Ámvrotos - (ambrotos; Gr. Ἄμβροτος, ΑΜΒΡΟΤΟΣ. Etym. from Ἀμβροσία.) In Orphic hymn 36.6, Ártæmis is calledámvrotosimmortal.
- Lexicon entry: ἄμβροτοςον, also ηον:— poet. Adj. immortaldivine, of persons as well as things. 2. epith. of all belonging to the Gods:—also Pythag., = five. (L&S p. 79, right column, edited fpr simplicity.)

Ángælos - (angelos; Gr. ἄγγελος, ΑΓΓΕΛΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ἄγγελοςmessengerenvoy2. generally, one that announces or tells, e.g. of birds of augury, of a poet, of a beacon; of the nightingale. 3. angel4. in later philos., semi-divine being: also in mystical and magical writings. II. title of Artemis at Syracuse. (L&S p. 7, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Arduinna - Arduinna is a Keltic Goddess equated with Ártæmis (Artemis; Gr. Ἄρτεμις)Arduinna is associated with the mountains. (source: Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 19)

Aritimi - Aritimi is an Etruscan name for Ártæmis.

Arsænómorphos - (arsenomorphos; Gr.ἀρσενόμορφος, ΑΡΣΕΝΟΜΟΡΦΟΣIn Orphic hymn 36.6Ártæmis is called arsænómorphos means the appearance with a male face. As Apóllohn, her brother, is always depicted as an ǽphivos (ephebe; Gr. ἔφηβος), a young man and still somewhat pretty and girlish, Ártæmis is thought of as athletic and somewhat manly.
- Lexicon entry: ἀρσενόμορφοςονof masculine form or look, Orph.H.36.7. (L&S p. 247, right column, within the entries beginning with ἀρσενουενής, edited for simplicity.)

Artumes - Artumes is an Etruscan name for Ártæmis.

Basileia - See Vasíleia.

Bromia - See Vromía.

Bulaea - See Voulaia.

Chrysaorus - See Khrysáoros.

Chrysothronus - See Khrysóthronos.

Courotrophus - See Kourotróphos.

Dadoukhos - (Gr. δᾳδοῦχος, ΔΑΔΟΥΧΟΣ. Δᾳδοῦχος is a noun sg. masc. nom.; δᾳδοῦχε [as in Orphic hymn 36 to Ἄρτεμις] is a noun sg. masc. voc., but both forms used for Ἄρτεμις and Κόρη.) IOrphic hymn 36.3Ártæmis is called dadoukhostorch-bearer.
- Lexicon entry: δᾴδουχος, (ἔχωtorch-bearer: but usu. of the holder of a hereditary office at the mysteries of the Eleusinian Demeterδ. Κόρης IG3.172.92. metaph., δᾳδοῦχοι τῆς σοφίας3. of the Sun. (L&S p. 364, right column, within the entries beginning with δᾳδουχέω, edited for simplicity.)

Dǽspina - (Despoina; Gr. Δέσποινα, ΔΕΣΠΟΙΝΑ) Lexicon entry: δέσποινα, fem. of δεσπότηςmistresslady of the house, of Penelope, of Arete. 2. princessqueen3. coupled with the names of Goddesses, δ. ἙκάτηἌρτεμιςδ. νύμφη; esp. as a name of Persephone. 4. in Thessaly, simply, = γυνή5. at Rome, Empress. (L&S p. 880, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Diana - Diana is the Roman name for Ártæmis.

Díktynna - (Dictynna; Gr. Δίκτυννα, ΔΙΤΥΝΝΑ) Δίκτυννα, ἡ, (δίκτυον) epith. of Artemis as Goddess of the chase, Hdt.3.59E.Hipp.145 (lyr.), etc.:—hence Δικτυνναῖος, ὁ (sc. μήν), name of month in Crete, GDI5173. (L&S) Cf. Vritómartis.

Drumonia - See Drymonía.

Drymonía - (drumonia; Gr. δρυμονία, ΔΡΥΜΟΝΙΑ. Masc. is δρυμόνιος.) In Orphic hymn 36.12Ártæmis is calleddrymoníashe who haunts the woods.
- Lexicon entry: δρυμονία, fem. of δρῡμόνιοςαονhaunting the woods, epith. of Artemis, Orph.H. 36.12. (L&S p. 450, right column.)

Drymónios - See Drymonía.

Efkleia - (Eucleia; Gr. Εὐκλεία, ΕΥΚΛΕΙΑ) Efkleia is the Goddess of Glory, one of the younger Kháritæs (Charities; Gr. Χάριτες). Efkleia is called the personification of the victory of the Battle of Marathon (Gr. Μάχη τοῦ Μαραθῶνος). Ploutarkhos (Plutarch; Gr. Πλούταρχος) remarks (Life of Ἀριστείδης 20) that Efkleia was a surname of Ártæmis (Artemis; Gr. Ἄρτεμις) while stating that other sources describe her as the daughter of Iraklís (Heracles or Hercules; Gr. Ἡρακλῆς) and Myrtóh (Myrto; Gr. Μυρτώ). In the Orphic Rhapsodies she is called the daughter of Íphaistos (Hephaestus; Gr. Ἥφαιστος) and Aglaia (Gr. Ἀγλαΐα). Efkleia, as a quality or virtue, denotes human excellence and the good reputation which accompanies it, as implied in a fragment (Frag. 13 as numbered in the trans. of Campbell, Vol. Greek Lyric IV) of Vakkhylídis (Bacchylides; Gr. Βακχυλίδης).
- Lexicon entry: εὔκλειᾰ, ἡ, εὐκλείᾱ metrigr.:— good repute, gloryII. Εὔ. personified. 2. title of Artemis in Boeotia:—hence Εὔκλεια, τά, festival at Delphi; Εὔκλειος, ὁ, epith. of Zeus; (sc. μήν) name of month, e.g. at Corcyra; at Tauromenium. (L&S p. 718, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Efstǽphanos - (eustephanus; Gr. εὐστέφανος, ΕΥΣΤΕΦΑΝΟΣ) Lexicon entry: εὐστέφᾰνος, Ep. ἐϋστ-, ον, epith. of Artemis; of Aphrodite; of Demeter; (expld. by Sch.as well-girdled, = εὔζωνος). 2. εὐ. θεῶν θυσίαι graced with beauteous garlandsλειμῶνες εὐcrowned with flowersII. of cities, crownedcircled with walls and towers. (L&S p. 733, left column, edited for simplicity.)
- Middle Liddell: εὐστέφανος, Ep. ἐϋστ-, ον, well-crowned or well-girdled, Hom., Hes. II. crowned with walls and towers, Od., Pind. (Middle Liddell p. 333, left column)

Eleusinia - See Ælefsínia.

Euantetos - See Evántitos

Eüplokamus - See Æÿplókamos.

Eustephanus - See Efstǽphanos.

Evántitos - (euantetos; Gr. εὐάντητος, ΕΥΑΝΤΗΤΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 36.6Ártæmis is called evántitosgracious.
- Lexicon entry: εὐάντητοςον, (ἀντάωaccessiblegracious(L&S p. 706, left column, within the entries beginning withεὐαντέω, edited for simplicity.)

Évdromos - (eudromus; Gr. εὔδρομος, ΕΥΔΡΟΜΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.6Ártæmis is called évdromos, a swift runner. The most common depictions of the Goddess have her running with a dog or a deer by her side, shooting arrows. She is dressed like an athlete wearing a short tunic, and this is her demeanor as well. She is electric with a pure energy, for this is her dominion: Ænǽryeia (Gr. Ἑνέργεια), Energy. (See The Natural Laws)
- Lexicon entry: εὐδρομία, Ion. -ιηswiftness. (L&S p. 710, right column, within the entries beginning with εὐδρομέω, edited for simplicity.)

Hecate - See Ækáti.

Hecatebolos - See Ækatibólos.

Iokhǽaira - (iocheaira; Gr. ἰοχέαιρα, ΙΟΧΕΑΙΡΑ) In Orphic hymn 36.6Ártæmis is called iokhǽairashooter of arrows, i.e. archeress.
- Lexicon entry: ἰοχέαιρα, (ἰός Aarrow-pourershooter of arrows, epith. of Artemis, Il.5.53, etc.; ἰ. παρθένος: as Subst., Ἰοχέαιρα Il.21.480, Od. 11.198; later ἰ. φαρέτρα (ed. quiver). (L&S p. 832, right column, within the entries beginning with ἰοφόρος, edited for simplicity.)

Khitóhni - (Gr. Χιτώνη, ΧΙΤΩΝΗ) Χτών-η, a name of Artemis, represented as a huntress in a short Dorian χιτών (ed. tunic), Call.Jov.77Dian. 225; χιτωνέα ., at Syracuse, Epich.127,Ath.14.629e; κιθώνη, at Miletus, Milet.1(7) No. 202. (L&S p. 1993, left column, within the entries under χῐτών)

Khrysáoros - (Chrysaorus; Gr. Χρυσάορος, ΧΡΥΣΑΟΡΟΣ; masc. and fem. adj. = χρυσάωρ.) Lexicon entry:χρῡσάορος [ᾱ], ον, (ἄορ) = χρυσάωρwith sword of gold, epith. of Apollo; also of Demeter; of Artemis; of Orpheus; soχρυσᾱορεύςέως, of Zeus at Stratonicea; also χρυσᾱόριος: hence χρῡσᾱορεῖςοἱ, of a league formed by his worshippers. (L&S p. 2009, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Khrysóthronos - (Chrysothronus; Gr. Χρυσόθρονος, ΧΡΥΣΟΘΡΟΝΟΣ) Lexicon entry: χρῡσόθρονοςονwith throne of gold, epith. of Hera, Artemis and Eos, Il.1.611; of Cyrene, Pi.P.4.260; of Isis, Hymn.Is. 7:—poet. word. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Khthónios - (chthonios or chthonic; Gr. χθόνιος, ΧΘΌΝΙΟΣ. Etym. from χθών, "earth.") In Orphic hymn 36.9, Ártæmis is called khthóniosearthyterrestrialKhthónios refers to the surface of the earth, not below the soil but the superficial layer of soilχθόνιος is often confused with ὑποχθόνιος, which refers to that which is under the earth.
Lexicon entry: χθόνιος, α, ον, also ος, ον  in, under, or beneath the earth; χθόνιος θεοί Gods of the nether worldII. sprung from the earth; χθονίως in an earthly manner2. in or of the countrynativeIII. of things, of the earth. (L&S p. 1991, left column, edited for simplicity)
-
 Lexicon entryχθών, ἡ, gen. χθονός, earth, esp. the surface of it (rarely soil). 2. earth, i.e. the world3. Earth, as a Goddess.  II. landcountry.  (L&S p.1991, left column extending into the right)

Kliïsía - (Cleïsia; Gr. κληισία, ΚΛΗΙΣΙΑ. Etym. κληΐσκω = κληΐζω, "make famous.") IOrphic hymn 36.7Ártæmis is described as having kliïsía, the ability to bring glory (to the virtuous).

Kóri - (Core; Gr. Κόρη, ΚΟΡΗLexicon entry: κόρη, orig. κόρϝα, with κόρη even in Att. Prose and Trag. dialogue; Dor. and Aeol. κόρα, and in the pr. n.: κούρα: Dor. also κώρα:—fem.of κόροςκοῦρος1. girl; with reference to virginity, maiden; of maiden-Goddesses, however old, as the Eumenides; the Fates. 2. of a brideyoung wife3. with gen. of a pr. n. added, daughterνύμφαι κοῦραι Διόςκ. Διός, of Athene; Λητῴα κόρη, of Artemis; Γῆς τε καὶ Σκότου κόραι, i.e. the Furies. B. Κόρη, Dor. Κόρα (Cret. Κώρα), Ion. Κούρη, Arc.(?) Κόρϝα (provenance unknown), :—the Daughter (of Demeter), Persephone. (L&S p. 980, bottom of right column)

Kourotróphos - (Courotrophus; Gr. Κουροτρόφος, ΚΟΥΡΟΤΡΟΦΟΣ) Kourotróphos is an epithet of Ækáti (Hecate),Ártæmis (Artemis), Aphrodíti (Aphrodite), and Apóllohn, meaning nurturer of children.
- Lexicon entry: κουροτρόφοςονrearing children, rare in lit. sense: usu. metaph.πόλλωνος κ., of Delos: freq. as epith. of Goddesses, as Hecate Orphic Hymn 1.8ρτεμις Orphic Hymn 36.8; of the Roman Goddess Rumina; esp. of Aphrodite. (L&S p. 987, left column, within the entries beginning with κουροσύνη, edited for simplicity.) 

Kydohniás - (Kudonias; Gr. Κυδωνιάς, ΚΥΔΩΝΙΑΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.12Ártæmis is called Kydohniás. This may be a form of the word Κυδωνιάτης, Kydohnian (Cydonian), identifying the Goddess with the Cretan city of Κῠδωνία where stood a temple to Díktynna (Gr. Δίκτυννα), and Kríti (Crete; Gr. Κρήτη) being a source of the Mysteries. An alternate idea would be to etymologically relate the name to κυδώνιοςswelling like a quince, the quince being identified with marriage and fruitfulness. Mythologically, Ártæmis is called a virgin, but she is well known to help (married) women in the fruitfulness of childbirth.

Kyniyǽtis - (kynegetis; Gr. κῠνηγέτις, ΚΥΝΗΓΕΤΙΣ. Fem. of κυνηγέτης.IOrphic hymn 36.5Ártæmis is called kyniyǽtis, huntressÁrtæmis hunts the beautiful souls, those beings trying to achieve virtue, and she shoots them with her arrows, causing them to progress further in their endeavor.
- Lexicon entry: κῠνηγέτηςου, Dor. (never in Trag.) κυνᾱγέτᾱςhuntsman; in pl. of certain δαίμονες: metaph., of one who seeks fame:—fem. κῠνηγέτις, Dor. -ᾱγέτιςιδοςhuntress; epith. of Artemis. (L&S p. 1010, right column near top within the entries from the left column beginning with κῠνηγεσία, edited for simplicity.)

Latoyǽneia - (Letogeneia; Gr. Λατογένεια, ΛΑΤΟΓΕΝΕΙΑ) Latoyǽneia is an epithet of Ártæmis meaning born of Litóh (Leto; Gr. Λητώ). (Aiskhýlos [Gr. Αἰσχύλος] Seven Against Thebes 148)

Locheia - See Lokheia.

Lokheia - (Locheia; Gr. Λοχεία, ΛΟΧΕΙΑ = ΛοχίαIOrphic hymn 36.3Ártæmis is called Lokheia, she who grants safe delivery of infants, she who assists in child-birth.
- Lexicon entry: λοχεῖοςαον, and οςον, = λόχιοςof or belonging to child-birth (L&S p. 1063, left column, edited for simplicity); cf. λοχαῖος: Subst. λοχεῖατά, = λοχεία2. Λοχεία, title of Artemis, = Λοχία(L&S p. 1062, right column, buried within the entries beginning with λοχαγενεῖς, edited for simplicity.)

Lochia or Lokhía - See Lokheia.

Lusizonus or Lusizonos - See Lysízohnos.

Luteria - See Lytiría.

Lysimǽrimnos - (lysimerimnos; Gr. λυσιμέριμνος, ΛΥΣΙΜΕΡΙΜΝΟΣ) IOrphic hymn 36.5Ártæmis is called lysimǽrimnos, driving care away.
- Lexicon entry: λῡσῐμέριμνοςονdriving care away, of Dionysus; of Hermes, Orph. H.28.6; of Artemis; of Sleep. (L&S p. 1066, right column, within the entries beginning with λυσιέθειρα, edited for simplicity.)

Lysízohnos - (lusizonus; Gr. λυσίζωνος, ΛΥΣΙΖΩΝΟΣ. Adj. singular fem. and masc. nom. Etym. λύσις "releasing" +ζώνη "belt or girdle."IOrphic hymn 36.5Ártæmis is called lysízohnos, she who loosens the belt, i.e. guides women in the transition from maidenhood to motherhood. In the ancient Greek marriage ceremony, the bride was veiled and her garment included a girdle or belt. When she untied the belt (ζώνη), her face was revealed to the new husband and she soon ceased to be a virgin. Ártæmis watches over this process and protects the woman. Later, when the child is about to be delivered, the belt is again undone and Ártæmis protects the woman in childbirth. In the Orphic hymn to Ártæmis, Thomas Taylor translates this word as "dissolver of the zone;" an archaic way (in English) of describing the loss of virginity, derived from the Greek.
- Lexicon entry: λῡσῐζωνοςον, of a soldier, unequippedungirdedunarmedII. loosing the zone, i.e. ceasing to be a maid: hence as epith. of Eileithyia and Artemis, who assisted women in travail. (L&S p. 1066, right column, within the entries beginning with λυσιέθειρα, edited for simplicity.)

Lytiriάs - (luterias; λυτηριάς, ΛΥΤΗΡΙΑΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.2Ártæmis is called lytiriάsdeliverer orsavior. Cf. Sóhteira.
- Lexicon entry: λυτηριάς = λύτειρα, fem. of λυτήρῆρος, (λύωone who looses (ed. frees), deliverer. (L&S p. 1067, right column, within the entries beginning with λύτειρα, edited for simplicity.)

Mægalóhnimos - (megalonimus; Gr. μεγαλώνυμος , ΜΕΓΑΛΩΝΥΜΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.2Ártæmis is described asmægalóhnimosrenowned. This word has a deeper connotation indicating that when Ártæmis takes interest in a virtuous person, she provides the situation whereby this person will manifest glory.
- Lexicon entry: μεγᾰλώνῠμοςονwith a great namegiving glory. (L&S p. 1088, left column, within the entries beginning with μεγαλώδυνος, edited for simplicity.)

Megalonimus - See Mægalóhnimos.

Nyktæróphitos - (nykterophoitus; Gr. νυκτερόφοιτος, ΝΥΚΤΕΡΟΦΟΙΤΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.6Ártæmis is described as nyktæróphitos roaming in the nightIt should be understood that night in ancient Greek mythology is one of the great keys; night refers to an area of which is unknown and difficult to be understood by ordinary mortals, therefore, we see it as dark or hidden. Night, as a key, does not mean actual darkness, since all the Gods are beings of great enlightenment. Cf. Nyktipólos.
- Lexicon entry: νυκτῐφοιτοςονnight-roamingθεός, of Artemis. (L&S p. 1184, left column continued from the previous page, edited for simplicity.)

Nyktipólos - (Gr. Νυκτιπόλος, ΝΥΚΤΙΠΟΛΟΣ) Lexicon entry: roaming, by night, Βάκχαι E.Ion718 (lyr.); φοδοι, of Persephone; epith. of Zagreus; of Artemis, coupled with Μάγοι, Βάκχοι, Λναι. (L&S p. 1184, left column, top of the page, within the entries beginning from the previous page, starting with νυκτῐ-πᾰταιπλάγιος) Cf. Nyktæróphitos.

Ohkylókheia - (okulocheia; Gr. ὠκυλόχεια, ΩΚΥΛΟΧΕΙΑ. Etym. ὠκύς "quick" + λοχία "child-birth."In Orphic hymn 36.8Ártæmis is described as ohkylókheiagiving a quick birth.
- Lexicon entry: ὠκῠλόχειαgiving a quick birth, of Artemis, Orph. H.2.4, 36.8; of Φύσις, ib.10.19. (L&S p. 2032, left column, within the entries beginning with ὠκῠεπής.)

Okulocheia - See Ohkylókheia.

Olviómiros - (olviomoiros; Gr. ὀλβιόμοιρος, ΟΛΒΙΟΜΟΙΡΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.9Ártæmis is called olviómiros,blessed.
- Lexicon entry: ὀλβιόμοιροςον, = ὀλβιοδαίμωνονοςof blessed lotIl.3.182. (L&S p. 1213, right column, within the entries beginning with ὀλβιόβῐος.)

Orthía - (Gr. Ὀρθία, ΟΡΘΙΑ. Etym. possibly ὀρθἱάζω, to wail or shriek.In Orphic hymn 36.8Ártæmis is called Orthía, a name by which Ártæmis was worshiped in Spárta (Gr. Σπάρτα) and Arkadía (Arcadia; Gr. Αρκαδία). According to legend, she was worshiped there by means of a wooden effigy called a xóanon (Gr. ξόανον) stolen by Orǽstis (Orestes; Gr. Ὀρέστης) and his sister Iphiyǽneia (Iphigenia; Gr. Ἰφιγένεια) from Tavrikí (Taurica or Tauride; Gr. Ταυρικὴ), hidden in a bundle of willows. (The same story is told in Apollódoros, but the statue was taken to Athens or Rhodes. Epitome vi.26-28) Iphiyǽneia had been living with the Tavrians as a priestess to Ártæmis, saved by the Goddess from her father Agamǽmnohn (Agamemnon; Gr. Ἀγαμέμνων), who was to sacrifice the girl as an offering, for the Goddess had detained the ships of the Greeks for having offended her on their way to Troy:

"...Agamemnon set her (ed. Iphiyǽneia) beside the altar, and was about to slaughter her, when Artemis carried her off to the Taurians and appointed her to be her priestess, substituting a deer for her at the altar; but some say that Artemis made her immortal.

(Vivliothíki [Bibliotheca; Gr. Βιβλιοθήκη] of Apollódoros [Apollodorus; Gr. Ἀπολλόδωρος] Epitome 3.22. Trans. Sir J. G. Frazer, 1921. We are using the 1989 edition entitled Apollodorus: The Library, Vol. II, published by Harvard [Cambridge MA USA] and William Heinemann LTD [London, England UK], Loeb Classical Library 122, where this quotation can be found on pp. 191-193.)

It is said that Ártæmis was worshiped in Tavrikí with human sacrifice, but when the effigy came to Spárta, Lykourgos (Lycurgus; Gr. Λυκούργος) satisfied the Goddess with the scourging of the Spartan Ǽphivi (Epheboi = male youths; Gr. Ἔφηβοι) for her festivals, but not to deathThe young men tried to take cheese piled on the altar while adults held the young men at bay with whips. The priestess at the ceremony held the xóanon of Orthía which would become heavy and impossible to hold if the boys were treated too leniently. (See Παυσανίας Λακωνικά xvi.7-11) It appears that the cult may have become corrupted during the Roman period when spectators would come from all over the empire to gawk at the bloodshed. 

Paidótrophos - (Gr. Παιδότροφος, ΠΑΙΔΟΤΡΟΦΟΣ) Paidótrophos is an epithet of Ártæmis meaning protectress of the young, meaning children but also applying to the wild animals.

Pamvasíleia - (pambasileia; Gr. παμβασίλεια, ΠΑΜΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΑ. Noun.) In Orphic hymn 36.11Ártæmis is called pamvasíleiaqueen of all.
- Lexicon entry: παμβᾰσῐλειᾰqueen of allall-powerful queen; of Persephone. (L&S p. 1294, left column, within the entries beginning with παμβασιλεία [very similar but not the same], edited for simplicity.)

Pasiphes - See Pasiphäís.

Pasiphäís - (pasiphaes; Gr. πασιφαής, ΠΑΣΙΦΑΗΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.1Ártæmis is described as pasiphäísshining on all.
- Lexicon entry: πᾱσῐφᾰήςέςshining on all, Orph.H.8.14:—fem. πᾱσῐφάεσσα [φᾰ]. (L&S p. 1346, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Phile - See Phíli.

Phíli - (phile; Gr. φίλη, ΦΙΛΗ. Fem. of φίλος. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 36.13Ártæmis is called phíli, beloved.
- Lexicon entry: φίλη, fem. of φίλοςηον, also οςονI. pass., beloveddear. (L&S p. 1939, left column, greatly edited for simplicity.)

Philagrǽtis - (philagretes; Gr. φιλαγρέτις, ΦΙΛΑΓΡΕΤΙΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.6, Ártæmis is described as philagrǽtis,loving the chase, i.e. a huntress, for she hunts the beautiful souls and propels them forward with her arrows.
- Lexicon entry: φῐλαγρέτιςιδοςfond of the chasehuntressἌρτεμις. (L&S p. 1931, left column, within the entries beginning with φιλάγραυλος, edited for simplicity.)

Phílistros - (philoistrus; Gr. φίλοιστρος, ΦΙΛΟΙΣΤΡΟΣ. Etym. φίλος "loving" οἶστρος literally a gadfly, inspiring frenzy or madness with it's bites.) In Orphic hymn 36.5, Ártæmis is described as phílistros, loving to inspire frenzy or zeal.

Philomeirax - (Gr. Φιλομεῖραξ, ΦΙΛΟΜΕΙΡΑΞ) Philomeirax is an epithet of Ártæmis meaning friend of youth.

Phohsphóros - (phosphorus; Gr. φωσφόρος, ΠΦΣΦΟΡΟΣ) Lexicon entry: φωσφόρος (parox.), ον, poet. φαοσφόροςφαεσφόρος Call.Dian.204, etc.:— bringing or giving lightφ. ἀστήρ (ed. star), of Dionysus at the Mysteries. b. Subst., ὁ φ. (sc. ἀστήρ), the light-bringer, i.e. the morning-star, a name specially given to the planet Venus. 2. of the eye. II. torch-bearing, epith. of certain deities, esp. of Hecate; φ. θεά (sc. Ἄρτεμις); of Hephaestus, Orph.H.66.3. III. φωσφόροςtorch-bearer, title of a priestess, Κλεοπάτρας θεᾶς(L&S p. 1968, right column, within the entries beginning with φωσφόρεια, edited for simplicity.)

Polyóhnymos - (polyonymus; Gr. πολυώνυμος, ΠΟΛΥΩΝΥΜΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.1Ártæmis is described aspolyóhnymoshaving many names.

Pótnia - (Gr. πότνια, ΠΟΤΝΙΑ. Noun.) In Orphic hymn 36.11Ártæmis is called pótniamistressqueen.
- Lexicon entry: πότνια, poet. title of honour, used chiefly in addressing females, whether Goddesses or women: as Subst., = δέσποιναmistressqueen (v. sub fin.), πότνια θηρῶν (nom.) queen of wild beasts, of Artemis; τὰν ἐρώτων πότνιαν, of Aphrodite. 2. in pl. of the Eumenides, ὦ πότνιαι δεινῶπες; of Demeter and Kore. 3. as Adj., reveredaugust, in Hom. of Hebe, Enyo, Calypso, Circe; most freq. of Hera; in Hes. of Hera, Tethys, and Peitho; Νίκη; esp. in invocation;μᾶτερ π., addressed to Earth. (L&S p. 1455, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Prostatírios - (prostaterious; Gr. προστατήριος, ΠΡΟΣΤΑΤΗΡΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: προστᾰτήριοςαονII. standing beforeprotecting, of Artemis; of Apollo as the tutelary God or from his statue standing before the doors. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Sæmní - (semne; Gr. σεμνή, ΣΕΜΝΗ. σεμνός is masculine; σεμνή is feminine.In Orphic hymn 36.2Ártæmis is described as sæmníexalted.
- Lexicon entry: σεμνόςήόν, (σέβομαιreveredaugustholyI. prop. of Gods, e.g. Demeter; Hecate; Thetis; Apollo; Poseidon; Pallas Athena; at Athens the Erinyes were specially the σεμναὶ θεαί2. of things divine. II. of human or half-human beings, reverendaugust2. of human things, auguststatelymajestic. (L&S p. 1591, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Semne - See Sæmní.

Skylakítis - (Gr. σκυλακῖτις, ΣΚΥΛΑΚΙΤΙΣ. Noun. Etym. σκύλαξ, "dog" or "whelp.") Skylakítis is Ártæmis, protectress of dogs(Orphic Hymn 36.12Ártæmis hunts the beautiful souls using her dog, the Agathós Daimohn (Gr. Ἀγαθὸς Δαίμων), and shoots the souls with her arrows, propelling them forward, giving them the energy they need. Ækáti (Hecate; Gr. Ἑκάτη) is also a Skylakítis, but in a different way: Ækáti uses the Agathós Daimohn to deliver our prayers to the Olympian Gods. 

Sóhteira - (Soteira; Gr. σώτειρα, ΣΩΤΕΙΡΑ) In Orphic hymn 36.13Ártæmis is called sóhteirasaviordeliverer. Cf. Lytiría.
- Lexicon entry: σώτειρα, fem. of σωτήρ2. freq. as epith. of protecting Goddesses, of Τύχα; of Θέμις; of Εὐνομία; of Athena; of Artemis; of Hecate; of Rhea, of Demeter; of Kore. (L&S p. 1751, left column, edited for simplicity.)
- Lexicon entry: σώτειρα, fem. of σωτήρῆρος, voc. σῶτερ: poet. σᾰωτήρ:— saviourdeliverer. (L&S p. 1751, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Soteira - See Sóhteira.

Theroktonos - See Thiroktónos.

Thiroktónos - (theroktonos; Gr. θηροκτόνος, ΘΗΡΟΚΤΟΝΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.9Ártæmis is called thiroktónos,slayer of wild beasts, for when she shoots her arrow the wild beast dies and a progressed soul moves forward. She is described in the mythology as a huntress.
- Lexicon entry: θηροκτόνοςονkilling wild beasts, epith. of Heracles; of Artemis. (L&S p. 800, right column, within the entries beginning with θηροβολέω, edited for simplicity.)

Titanís - (Titan; Gr. Τιτανίς, ΤΙΤΑΝΙΣ. Τιτανίς is the feminine of Τιτάν.) Apóllohn (Orphic Hymn 34.3) and his sister Ártæmis (Orphic Hymn 36.2) are called Titánæs (Titans; Gr. Τιτᾶνες [plural]) because they are progeny of the Titan Goddess Litóh (Leto; Gr. Λητώ).

Toxophóros - (Gr. τοξοφόρος, ΤΟΞΟΦΟΡΟΣ) Lexicon entry: τοξοφόροςbow-bearing, epith. of Artemis, Il.21.483; of Apollo, h.Ap.13, 126, Pi.Pae.Fr.19.30. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Toxótis - (toxotes; Gr. τοξότις, ΤΟΞΟΤΙΣ) In Orphic hymn 36.1, Ártæmis is called toxótis, an archer.
- Lexicon entry: τοξότιςιδος, fem. of foreg., archeress. (L&S p. 1805, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Vasíleia - (Basileia; Gr. βασίλεια, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΑ) In Orphic hymn 36.1, Ártæmis is called vasíleiaqueen.

Voulaia - (Bulaea; Gr. βουλαία, ΒΟΥΛΑΙΑ) Lexicon entry: βουλαῖος αον, (βουλή)
of the council, epith. of certain Gods as having statues in the Council Chamber τὴν Ἑστίαν ἐπώμοσε τὴν β. Aeschin.2.45; of Zeus and Athena; of Artemis; Themis. (L&S p. 324, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Vritómartis (Britomartis; Gr. Βριτόμαρτις, ΒΡΙΤΟΜΑΡΤΙΣ) Vritómartis is associated with Minoan religion. She may have been a priestess of Ártæmis and deified by the Goddess. In some literature she is seen as Ártæmis herself and is also called Díktynna. Reference: Hymn to Ártæmis by Kallímakhos the Alexandrian. Cf. Díktynna.

Vromía - (Bromia; Gr. βρομία, ΒΡΟΜΙΑ) In Orphic hymn 36.2, Ártæmis is called Vromía, i.e. VákkhicDionysian, because she participates in the providence of her father, facilitating the works of Diónysos (Dionysus; Gr. Διόνυσος) who, with his Mysteries, frees us from the vicious circle of rebirths (See Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony: The Sixth King). With her boundless energy she propels the soul forward, shooting her arrows into the hearts of the virtuous.



The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The 
Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).


PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as 

, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

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