M - Illustrated Glossary of Hellenic Polytheism
BEING A DICTIONARY OR BRIEF ENCYCLOPEDIA OF HELLENISMOS, THE ANCIENT PAGAN GREEK RELIGION
PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this Glossary, you will find fascinating stories. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally; a literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is often concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation..
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ABBREVIATIONS: A list of abbreviations used in the glossary can be found on this page: GLOSSARY HOME PAGE
mæli or meli - (Gr. μέλῐ, ΜΈΛῘ) Mæli is the ancient Greek word for honey or the sweet ash-tree gum (manna). Honey is a major symbol in that it is golden, the color most associated with the Gods. Honey, also, preserves, thus it is representative of the immortality of the Gods. The word mæli is etymologically related to other important words and names such as Mæliai, the ash-tree nymphs, and Mælissai, priestesses of Demetra/Artemis/Delphi.
Lexicon entry: μέλῐ, τό, gen. ῐτος, etc.; dat. μέλι Philox.3.17; gen. pl. μελίτων Emp.128.7 (nisi leg. μελιτῶν, cf. μελιτόν):—honey, Od.20.69, etc.; μ. χλωρόν Il.11.631, Od.10.234,Xenoph.38.1; ξανθόν Simon.47; παμφαές A. Pers.612; τὸ μέλι τἀττικόν Ar. Pax252, cf. Men.708; various kinds, Thphr. Fr.190; said to be made from the palm (φοῖνιξ), Hdt.1.193, cf.4.194; μ. θανάτου σύμβολον Porph. Antr.18. 2. in comparisons, of anything sweet, esp. of eloquence, μέλιτος γλυκίων ῥέεν αὐδή Il.1.249, cf. Pi. O.10 (11).98; Σοφοκλέους τοῦ μέλιτι κεχριμένου Ar. Fr.581; ὕπνος γλυκίων μέλιτος Mosch.2.3; ἡ τῶν ἀνδρῶν [χολή] ἐστι πρὸς ἐκείνην μέλι Alex.146.6: prov. μήτε μοι μ. μήτε μέλισσα, of those who refuse to take 'the rough with the smooth', Sapph.113. II. sweet gum collected from certain trees, manna, Arist. Mir.831b23; τὸ ὕον μ. Polyaen.4.3.32; μ. ἄγριον, μαινόμενον, D.S.19.94, Str.12.3.18. (Cf. Goth. milip, Lat. mel.) (L&S p.1097, left column)
mælia or melia - (Gr. μελία, ΜΕΛΊΑ) Mælia is the manna ash tree.
Lexicon entry: μελία, Ep. μελίη, ἡ, manna ash, Fraxinus Ornus, Il.13.178, 16.767, Musae. Fr.5 D., S. Fr.759, Thphr. HP3.11.3, etc.; τρίτον ἄλλο γένος . . ἐκ μελιᾶν Hes. Op.145. II. ashen spear, Il.19.390, 22.225, etc. (L&S p.1097, left column)
Mæliai or Meliae - (Gr. Μελίαι, ΜΕΛΊΑΙ) The Mæliai are the ash-tree nymphs.
Lexicon entry: Μελίαι, αἱ, a race of nymphs said to have sprung from the spot of earth on which fell the blood of Uranus, Hes. Th.187, Call. Jov.47, etc. (The name implies ash-nymphs.) (L&S p.1097, left column) Etym. from mælia μελία (wood ash) and mæli μέλῐ (honey and the sweet ash-manna gum).
mælikraton or melikraton - (Gr. μελίκρατον, ΜΕΛΊΚΡΑΤΟΝ) Mælikraton is a libation of milk and honey; a libation of milk and honey made to the dead or to the Gods who have dominion over the realm of the dead.
Lexicon entry for mælikraton: μελίκρᾱτον, Ion. μελί-κρητον, τό, (κεράννυμι) drink of honey and milk offered as a libation to the powers of the nether world; also, a mixture of honey and water. (L&S p.1097, right column)
mælispontha, or melisponda - (Gr. μελίσπονδα, ΜΕΛΊΣΠΟΝΔΑ) Mælispontha are drink offerings of honey, μ. θύειν Plu.2.464c, 672b, cf. Porph. Abst.2.20. (L&S p.1097, right column) See Libation in Hellenismos.
Mælissai, Melissae, or Melissai - (Gr. Μελισσαι, ΜΕΛΙΣΣΑΙ) Mælissai are "the Bees," 1) the priestesses of Demeter (Deo), of Artemis, of Delphi. (L&S p.1097, right column) 2) The name of Melissae can also be used to refer to the Nymphs, this on account of the story of the nymph Melissa, who is said to have discovered honey and its use. 3) the bee-priestesses of Minoan Crete who were followers of Pasifaë, (Greek: Πασιφάη) the daughter of Helios and the wife of Minos. 4) the nymphs who, along with the Kuretes, protected the infant Zeus from his father Kronos (the Mæliai). They nursed the God, in particular the nymph Melissa, who fed him with honey and the milk of his foster-mother Amalthea (or the milk of Amalthea's goat). See also Mæliai.
Mæristi Ousia or Meristi Ousia - (Gr. Μεριστή Οὐσίἁ, ΜΕΡΙΣΤΉ ΟΥΣΊἉ) The Mæristi Substance is Earth, one of the two basic material cosmogonic substances. Earth is a receptive, female, and represented by Ira (Hera; Gr. Ήρα). The other cosmogonic substance is the Synækhis Ousia, called variously Water, Fire, or Aithir (Ether; Gr. Αἰθήρ), and is represented by Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς). Aithir is active, formative male. Earth is divisible. Aithir is continuous. Plato calls these two substances the One (Monad) and the Other.
There is a story from mythology that Ærmis (Hermes; Gr. Ἑρμῆς) brought the infant Iraklis (Herakles; Gr. Ἡρακλῆς) to suckle the breast of the sleeping Ira, but she awoke and pulled away her breast, spraying milk throughout the universe creating the galaxy of the Milky Way. (Hyginus' Astronomica II.43.) Gala (Gr. γάλα) means "milk" (L&S p.335. right column) ; Galaxias (Gr. Γαλαξίας) means "the Milky Way." (L&S p.336. left column) The Mæristi Ousia in the Cosmos is symbolized by the milk of Hera.
Mæristi comes from mæris (Gr. μερἰς), part, portion. (L&S p.1104, left column)Lexicon entry for Ousia: οὐσί-α, II. stable being, immutable reality. 2. substance, essence. 3. true nature of that which is a member of a kind. 4. the possession of such a nature, substantiality. 5. in the concrete, the primary real, the substratum underlying all change and process in nature. Etc. (L&S p. 1274, right column)
magia - See mayeia.
mayeia - (magic; Gr. μᾰγεία, ΜΑΓΕΙΑ. Pronounced: mah-YEE-ah) Mayeia is divine work performed by an advanced soul, the Magos (Gr. Μάγος), who has profound knowledge and ability concerning the Natural Laws. It is a misunderstanding to think that mayeia has anything to do with ordinary views of magic and, particularly, with any notion of evil. Exactly the opposite. The word mayeia (magic) is etymologically related to the root mægas (Gr. μέγᾰς), which means "great" or "high." It is great or mighty because few have control over the Natural Laws; it is great or mighty because those who are able to utilize such power have an invincible bond with the Olympian Gods, who have dominion over the Natural Laws.
Lexicon entry: μᾰγεία, ἡ, theology of the Magians, μ.ἡ ωροάστρου Pl.Alc.1.122a. II. magic, Thphr.HP9.15.7 (pl.), Act.Ap.8.11 (pl.), PMag.Berol.1.127, etc.; τὴν γοητικὴν μ. οὐδ' ἔγνωσαν [οἱ μάγοι] Arist. Fr.36. (L&S p.1071, left column)
Mætavoli or Metaboli - (Gr. Μεταβολή, ΜΕΤΑΒΟΛΉ) Changing, manifesting influence particularly in Sagittarius (Toxotis), Pisces (Ikhtheis), Gemini (Dithymi), and Wheat-Ear (Stakhys) in the zodiacal cycle of Mystery months. )
magic - See mayia.
Lexicon entry: Μάγος [ᾰ], ου, ὁ, Magian, one of a Median tribe, Hdt.1.101, Str. 15.3.1: hence, as belonging to this tribe, 2 one of the priests and wise men in Persia who interpreted dreams, Hdt.7.37, al., Arist.Fr. 36, Phoen.1.5, Ev.Matt.2.1. 3 enchanter, wizard, esp. in bad sense, impostor, charlatan, Heraclit.14, S.OT387, E.Or.1498 (lyr.), Pl.R.572e, Act.Ap.13.6, Vett. Val.74.17: also fem., Luc.Asin.4, AP 5.15 (Marc. Arg.). II μάγος, ον, as Adj., magical, μάγῳ τέχνῃ πράττειν τι Philostr.VA1.2; κεστοῦ φωνεῦσα μαγώτερα AP5.120 (Phld.). (Opers. maguš 'Magian'.) (L&S p. 1071, right column)
Maia - daughter of Atlas and Pleione, eldest of the Pleiodes, mother of Lord Hermes by Zeus. Maia is a nymph and is referred to in both of the Homeric Hymns to Hermes as a shy Goddess living alone in a cave.
Makariotis - (Greek: Μακαριότης, ΜΑΚΑΡΙΟΤΗΣ) 1) Makariotis is the basic characteristic of the Gods, that state of blessedness or bliss. 2) Makariotis is the blessed joy achieved by Kouros through valiant death.
Lexicon entry; the root of the word is Makar (L& S, p.1073, right column):
μάκαρ [v. infr.], ᾰρος, ὁ, also μάκαρς; μάκαρ as fem. μάκαιρα h; Boeot. μάκηρα with neut. Nouns in oblique cases, μακάρων ἐξ ἐτέων: — blessed, happy, prop. epith. of the Gods, as opp. mortal men. μάκαρες the blessed ones.
II of men, blest, fortunate; esp. wealthy.
III esp. μάκαρες, οἱ, the blessed dead, μ. θνητοῖς καλέονται Hes.Op.141; μακάρων νῆσοι the Islands of the Blest.
IV Sup. μακάρτατος, of Zeus.
Maleates - surname of Apollon used in his temple on the promontory of Malea. (CM p.22)
Malloeis - name for Apollon used at Mitylene. (CM p.22)
manna - Visit this page: ΜΆΝΝᾸ.
mantis (feminine: mantissa) - a prophet who speaks the will of a God.
mantosyni - Please visit this page: DIVINATION IN HELLENISMOS - MANTOSYNI - ΜΑΝΤΟΣΎΝΗ.
Maponus - Keltic God equated with Apollo. The God is depicted naked with a lyre. (source: Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 187-188)
Marmarinus - surname of Apollon, from Marmarion, a town of Eubœa.
Mars - Roman word for Ares.
Marullus, Michael Tarchaniota - see Tarchaniotis, Michael.
Materialism, Mystic - Visit this page: Mystic Materialism.
meat - for a brief article concerning eating meat, please see visit the glossary entry for animal products.Μήδεια] the daughter of the Okeanis nymph Eidyia (Idyia) and King Aeëtesof Kolkhis, granddaughter of Helios. Medea had magic power from her aunt Circe. She is not only involved with the mythology of Jason, but with the Trojan war, as well as the story of Theseus.
In the most familiar story concerning her, Medea fell in love with the hero Jason (Iason) while on his quest to obtain the Golden Fleece. After securing the fleece, destroying the trust of her family and killing her brother Apsyrtus, Medea and Jason fled Kolkhis. But after ten years of marriage, Jason decided to abandon her and marry the daughter of the king of Corinth for political reasons. Medea retaliated with a series of murders including that of their two children.
Medea now fled to Athens and married King Aegeus. By him she had a son Medus. When Aegeus' long-lost son, Theseus, came home, she plotted to kill him in order to insure the future of her own son. She convinced Aegeus that Theseus was a danger and they gave him a cup of poison at a banquet, but Medea failed when Aegeus recognized Theseus' sword.
Medea now went back to Kolkhis. She found that her father had been deposed by her uncle, whom she promptly murdered, restoring her father to the throne.
Like so much mythology, there are other variants of the story of Medea. This author can find no account of her death, but in some myth, after her death she married Achilles in the Islands of the Blessed.
Meristi Ousia - See Mæristi Ousia.
Midæn agan - (usually spelled meden agan; Gr. μηδέν άγαν) Midæn agan is the famous Delphic maxim meaning "Nothing in excess." See Gnothi sæafton.
Medusa - (Greek: Μέδουσα) Medusa is the daughter of the Sea-God Phorcys and Ceto. She is sister to the Graeae. She is one of the Gorgons, who also are her sisters. Of the three Gorgons, Medusa is mortal where the other two Gorgons are immortal, and like the other Gorgons, Medusa has hair and a girdle of snakes. To look into their faces turns one into stone.
There is a story about Medusa that says she had been very beautiful. But Medusa had desecrated the temple of Athena, who turned her beautiful hair into snakes.
The hero Perseus slew Medusa and cut off her head in his quest to win the hand of Andromeda. He gave the head to Athena, who affixed it to her shield.
Mégethos - [Greek: MEΓEΘOΣ] 1) This is a Greek philosophical term meaning a magnitude: something which can be measured. 2) In Homer the term Mégethos refers to personal 'greatness', for instance the greatness of a hero.
meli - See mæli.
melia - See mælia.
Meliae or Meliai - See Mæliai.
Melissa - 1) a surname of Artemis, Goddess of the moon, who aids women with the pain of childbirth, 2) nymph who discovered honey and its use (by another account a male daemon named Melisseus is given this honor. See Melisseus note 2).
melisponda - See mælispontha.
Melissae - See Mælissai.
Melisseus - 1) Melisseus was the ancient king of Crete who was the father of the nymphs that Rhea entrusted to raise the infant Zeus. There are differing accounts of who these nymphs were. In one story, Amalthea is the mother of Adrastea and Ida; in another version of the story, the daughters (of Melisseus) are Melissa and Amalthea. 2) rustic daemon who is said to have discovered honey and its use (by other accounts, this honor was given to the nymph Melissa).
Memory - see Mnemosyne.
Meno's Paradox - This paradox is found in Plato's dialogue Meno (80). The words are put in the mouth of Meno himself: "And how will you enquire, Socrates, into that which you do not know? What will you put forth as the subject of enquiry? And if you find what you want, how will you ever know that this is the thing which you did not know?"
Socrates then elaborates the dilemma saying "I know, Meno, what you mean; but just see what a tiresome dispute you are introducing. You argue that a man cannot enquire either about that which he knows, or about that which he does not know; for if he knows, he has no need to enquire; and if not, he cannot; for he does not know the very subject about which he is to enquire." (DPI pp.359-360) Socrates states that the argument is unsound (Meno 81) and refutes the paradox by saying that inspired people, wise men, have said that the soul is immortal and is reborn many times. Therefore, the soul can recollect all that she ever knew.
Mercury - Roman name for Hermes.
Meristi Ousia - (Greek: Μεριστἠ Οὐσίἁ, ΜΕΡΙΣΤἨ ΟΥΣΊἉ) The Meristi Substance is Earth, one of the two basic material cosmogonic substances. Earth is a receptive, female, and represented by Hera. The other cosmogonic substance is the Synehis Ousia, called variously Water, Fire, or Æther, and is represented by Zeus. Æther is active, formative male. Earth is divisible. Æther is continuous. Plato calls these two substances the One (Monad) and the Other.
There is a story from mythology that Hermes brought the infant Herakles to suckle the breast of the sleeping Hera, but she awoke and pulled away her breast, spraying milk throughout the universe creating the galaxy of the Milky Way (Hyginus' Astronomica II.43). Gala (Gr. γάλα) means "milk" (L&S p.335. right column); Galaxias (Gr. γαλαξίας) means "the Milky Way" (L&S p.336. left column) The Meristi Ousia in the Cosmos is symbolized by the milk of Hera.
Meristi comes from meris (Greek: μερἰς), part, portion. (L&S p.1104, left column)Lexicon entry for Ousia: οὐσί-α, II. stable being, immutable reality. 2. substance, essence. 3. true nature of that which is a member of a kind. 4. the possession of such a nature, substantiality. 5. in the concrete, the primary real, the substratum underlying all change and process in nature. Etc. (L&S p. 1274, right column)
Metaboli - See Mætavoli.
Metageitnius - (Gr) surname of Apollon in a temple near Athens, supposed to have been derived from the inhabitants of the suburb of Melite having, under his auspices, removed to that of Diomea: the name implies a removal from one neighborhood to another. Metageitnion wa the second month of the Athenian year. (CM p.22)
mætæmpsykhohsis or metempsychōsis - (Gr. μετεμψύχωσις, ΜΕΤΕΜΨΎΧΩΣΙΣ) Mætæmpsykhohsis is the Greek term meaning rebirth, reincarnation, or the transmigration of the soul. This is a late word; the more ancient term is palingænæsía (palingenesía; Gr. παλιγγενεσία, ΠΑΛΙΓΓΕΝΕΣΊΑ) [ref. Greek Philosophical Terms by F.E. Peters, 1967, p.151]. See palingænæsía.
Metis - (Greek: Μῆτις)
1) In Orphic theogony, Metis is one of the three aspects of Phanes known as the Triple God (source: G.R.S. Mead in Orpheus, 1965, p.107). In this description, Metis is thought of as the 'intellect', while Phanes is said to be the 'father', and Erikepaios is the 'power'. (Mead, p. 109)
2) Metis is one of the Oceanid Titan daughters of Okeanos and Tethys (Hesiod Theogonia, 358, 924), swallowed by Zeus (Hesiod, 886) when about to deliver Athena.
3) Metis was a naiad nymph who gave birth (by Maion) to the great poet Homer. (source: Homerica, Contest of Homer & Hesiod)
metriotes - moderation as exemplified in the Delphic maxim "nothing to excess"
miasma - (Greek: μίασμα) 1) stain, defilement, especially by murder or other crime, taint of guilt; 2)that which defiles, pollution. (L&S p.1132, left column)
Mila (Gr. Μῆλα, ΜΗΛΑ) Mila is the Apple, one of the Seven Toys of Dionysos.
Milesius - surname of Apollon, from Miletium, a town of Crete. (CM p.22)
milikhia or meilichia - (Gr. μειλιχία, ΜΕΙΛΙΧΊΑ) kindness, sweetness.
"There is a certain circular figure among the constellations, white in color, which some have called the Milky Way. Eratosthenes says that Juno, without realizing it, gave milk to the infant Mercury, but when she learned that he was the son of Maia, she thrust him away, and the whiteness of the flowing milk appears among the constellations.
Others have said that Hercules was given to Juno to nurse when she slept. When she awoke, it happened as described above. Others, again, say that Hercules was so greedy that he couldn’t hold in his mouth all the milk he had sucked, and the Milky Way spilled over from his mouth." (Hyginus Astronimica II:43, trans. Mary Grant)
For a brief article concerning drinking milk, please see visit the glossary entry for animal products.
Minerva - Roman name for Athena.Μῑνώταυρος, Mīnṓtauros) Minos quarreled with his brothers over the throne of Crete. He asked the assistance of Poseidon, asking the God for a sign: a perfect white bull. The God gave him this sign. Minos promised Poseidon that he would sacrifice the bull, but was so taken by the animal's beauty that he did not keep his agreement. As punishment, Poseidon cause the king's wife Pasiphaë to fall in love with the bull.
Pasiphaë conspired with Daedelus, the genius inventor, to copulate with the bull. Daedelus created a wooden cow so realistic that the Cretan bull mated with Pasiphaë, who was hidden within it. The union produced the monster called the Minotaur who had the body of a man, but the head and tail of a bull.
In one version of the story, Minos waged war against Athens for the murder of his son Androgeus, and won. He exacted a terrible penalty on the city: at regular intervals (every nine years perhaps) seven Athenian male youths and seven Athenian maidens were to be fed to the Minotaur. At the third such event, the Athenian king's son, Theseus, volunteered to go.
While in Crete, Ariadne, the daughter of Minos, fell in love with Theseus. She acquired the assistance of Daedalus, who had created the Labyrinth in which the monster lived and from which no one returned. Ariadne gave Theseus a ball of thread, allowing him to find his way back out. Theseus killed the Minotaur with his father's sword, the sword of Aegeus.
Theseus, having escaped and saved his city this terrible fate, returned to Athens by ship. He had told his father that if the mission succeeded, they would change the sails from a black color to white. Theseus forgot to do this, and before he arrived, Aegeus committed suicide.
Mira or Moira - (Gr. Μοίρα, ΜΟΊΡΑ) The word mira has many meanings; for our purposes, we are concerned with the philosophical definition of the term: Mira is one of three words which are all translated as destiny, but each of these words has a distinct meaning. Mira is defined as degree, like the degrees of a circle, one's current position in destiny.
Lexicon entry for Mira: part. 2. portion of land, of a country, etc. 3. division of a people. 4. political party. 5. degree, in the astron. and geog. sense; a division of the zodiac. II. lot, portion or share which falls to one, esp. in the distribution of booty. 2. generally, part, lot. III. one's portion in life, lot, destiny. 2. like μόρος, man's appointed doom; also, the cause of death. IV. that which is meet and right. 2. respect, esteem. B. Μοῖρα the Goddess of Fate = destiny. (L&S pp.1140-1141)
Visit this page: DESTINY-ΜΟΊΡΑ-ΠΕΠΡΩΜΈΝΟ-ἘΙΜΑΡΜΈΝΗ.
miracle - One of the definitions of the word miracle found in the 1944 edition of The New Century Dictionary is: "an effect in the physical world which surpasses all known human or natural powers and is therefore ascribed to supernatural agency (as, 'A miracle may be accurately defined, a transgression of a law of nature by a particular volition of the Deity, or by the interposition of some invisible agent') ."  This definition of miracle is regarded as superstition and an incorrect view of the nature of the Gods, who not only have dominion over the Natural Laws, but never violate them. There is no spiritual or supernatural agency because the Kosmos consists of material substances; there is no "spiritual" god that is "above" and "before" the natural world. The Gods are intrinsic to the Kosmos and therefore are expressions of the natural world with its laws. Is there a type of miracle? Yes, a genuine miracle is a wonderment, a marvel of the natural world. The action of Zeus on the soul is a miracle, but this miracle is part of the natural world and complies with its laws.
 The New Century Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. Two, p.1067; P.F. Collier & Son, NY, 1944 edition.
Mirror - See Æsoptrona.Mnemosyne - (Greek Mνημοσύνη, ΜΝΗΜΟΣΥΝΗΣ) the Goddess of remembrance, Memory. She is an extremely important deity for the Mysteries, as it is she who opens the key to former lives. Visit this page: MNEMOSYNE
Mnimosynon - (Gr. Μνημόσυνον, ΜΝΗΜΌΣΥΝΟΝ) The Mnimosynon is the memorial ritual which is perform on the fortieth day after the death of someone. The word translates as 'Memorial.'
Moira - See Mira.
Moirai - see The Fates
Momos - Blame
Monad - See Æn.
monism – the belief that all phenomena are manifestations of a single principle
monotheism – the belief that there is one, and only one, God
Moon, Full - It is said that the Aithir (Aether or Ether; Gr. Gr. Αἰθήρ) is swollen at the full moon and that it is, therefore, an auspicious time.
Moritasgus - Keltic God equated with Apollon. (source: Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 198)
Moros - Moros is doom.\
morphe - See morphi.
Morphi - (Morphe; Gr. Μορφή, ΜΟΡΦΗ) Morphi is Form, the fourth Natural Law under the Dominion of mighty Iphaistos. 2) Morphi "pertains to the colour, figure, and magnitude of superficies" (superficies = outward appearance). (TTS XV p. 10)
Morta - (Latin) = Μορτή, one of the Fates (LD p.1167, left column), in Greek: Atropos.
Mousagetes or Musagetes - (Gr) epithet of Apollon: Apollo, companion of the Nine Muses. (CM p.22)
Mousaios or Musaeus - (Gr. Μουσαῖος, ΜΟΥΣΑΙΟΣ) Mousaios is pronounced moo-SAY-ohs (not myoo-say-ohs)
The details of Mousaios life are clouded in obscurity and there are various tales about all the details of his life. He was thought to be a pupil or son of Orphefs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς, ὈΡΦΕΎΣ) and a seer and priest. He composed and is thought of as the founder of priestly poetry, writing mystical hymns, oracles, and prose. The oracles were collected by the scholar Onomakritos (Onomacritus; Gr. Ονομακριτος, ΟΝΟΜΑΚΡΙΤΟΣ) 530-480 BCE, although this scholar was accused of adding forgeries of his own making. The name Mousaios is associated with the mystic and oracular verses and customs of Attica, and particularly the Ælefsinian (Eleusinian) Mysteries. He was buried on Mousion Hill (Gr. Μουσεῖον, ΜΟΥΣΕΙΟΝ), southwest of the Akropolis (Acropolis; Gr. Ακρόπολις, ΑΚΡΌΠΟΛΙΣ) in Athens.
multipotent - See polythynamos.
Musaeus - See Mousaios.
Myricæus - (Gr) surname of Apollon, from his bearing a branch of heath, or broom (myrica), the emblem of divination, over which he presided. (CM p.22)
Myrinus - surname of Apollon, from the town Myrina in Æolia. (CM p.23)
myrrh - (Greek: smurna or smyrna, σμύρνα) the resin obtained from Commiphora myrrha, used as incense. It is requested five times in the Orphic hymns. Most resins and gums have medicinal qualities, but myrrh is known as much for its healing qualities as it is for use as incense. Thus, you may find mention of myrrh in ancient literature indicating a healing aspect about a deity or personage.
Mystagogue - a teacher of the Mysteries
Mystagogy or Mystagogics - the principles and interpretation of the Mysteries
Mysteries or Mystery Religion - The subject of Mystery Religion is too complicated for a short essay in the Glossary, requiring a page of its own: Mystery Religion
Mystery Month - The Mystery Month is anther name for the Orphic Zodiacal Month. See Zodiacal Rulerships. Also, visit this page: Hellenic Zodiacal CalendarMythologia - Please visit this page: MYTHOLOGY IN HELLENISMOS - ΜΥΘΟΛΟΓΊΑ.
Mythology - Please visit this page: MYTHOLOGY IN HELLENISMOS - ΜΥΘΟΛΟΓΊΑ.
Mythos - Please visit this page: MYTHOLOGY IN HELLENISMOS - ΜΥΘΟΛΟΓΊΑ.
ABBREVIATIONS: A list of abbreviations used in the glossary can be found on this page: GLOSSARY HOME PAGE
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