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THE OLYMPIAN GODS


and 

DIÓNYSOS

HellenicGods.org


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Hail Queen Æstía! Hail Mighty Áris! Hail Queen Ártæmis! Hail Mighty Íphaistos! Hail Queen Íra! Hail Mighty Poseidóhn! Hail Queen Athiná! Hail Queen Aphrodíti! Hail Mighty Apóllohn! Hail Mighty Ærmís! Hail Mighty Father Zefs! Hail Queen Dimítir!

Hail Mighty Ivy-crowned Diónysos!

Yes, and let us hail all the myriad Gods and Goddesses, too numerous to name, who adorn and bless our world and lives!


The Term Olympian

The term Olympian refers to Gods who dwell in Ólympos (Olympus; Gr. Ὄλυμπος), a royal place in the heavens, for it was believed that most deities dwelt in various regions of the sky, over which mighty Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) has dominion. In the  mythology, Zefs deifies people and positions them in the sky as stars or constellations. This is related to the idea of The Three Zefs, the three Kronian (sons of Krónos) brothers: Ploutohn (Pluto; Gr. Πλούτων), who rules the earth; Poseidóhn (Poseidon; Gr. Ποσειδῶν), who rules the sea and the sky up to just below the moon; and Olympian Zefs (or Jupiter), who rules all the heavens. Because Zefs' palace is in Ólympos and because he places deities in his dominion, the sky, you will sometimes find any such deity referred to as "Olympian," but on this website there are only twelve Gods whom we refer to as Olympian deities.

The Dohdækáthæon

There are twelve deities who are the cornerstone of worship and understanding in Ællinismόs (Hellenismos; Gr. Ἑλληνισμός), the ancient Greek religion. They are known as the Dohdækáthæon (Dodecatheon; Gr. Δωδεκάθεον). The etymology of the word is δώδεκα "twelve" + Θεός "God." These are the Twelve Olympian deities.

In the mythology, the Dodækáthæon are said to dwell at a location in the heavens. Here were their palaces which were constructed of copper on the outside and solid gold within and were made by the God Íphaistos (Hephaestus; Gr. Ἥφαιστος) himself. This place was represented on earth by the temples of Mount Ólympos, on the border between Thæssalía (Thessaly; Gr. Θεσσαλία) and Makædonía (Macedonia; Gr. Μακεδονία), for the simple reason that this area was the highest place in Greece, practically in the sky itself and absolutely awe-inspiring to the ancient people. It was here that the pan-Hellenic Olympic games were held, an offering to mighty Zefs.

Sometimes in ancient literature, authors will include various deities as members of the Dodækáthæon, but in the tradition taught to this author, the members consist of the twelve deities who appear in the list below, these and only these:

Æstía (Hestia; Gr. Ἑστία) [Roman: Vesta]

Áris (Ares; Gr. Άρης) [Roman: Mars]

Ártæmis (Artemis; Gr. Ἄρτεμις) [Roman: Diana]

Íphaistos (Hephaestus; Gr. Ἥφαιστος) [Roman: Vulcan]

Íra (Hera; Gr. Ήρα) [Roman: Juno]

Poseidóhn (Poseidon; Gr. Ποσειδῶν) [Roman: Neptune]

Athiná (Athena; Gr. Ἀθηνᾶ) [Roman: Minerva]

Aphrodíti (Aphrodite; Gr. Ἀφροδίτη) [Roman: Venus]

Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων) [Roman: Apollo]

Ærmís (Hermes; Gr. Ἑρμῆς) [Roman: Mercury]

Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) [Roman: Jove, Jupiter, or Juppiter]

Dimítir (Demeter or Demetra; Gr. Δημήτηρ) [Roman: Ceres]


The Question of Diónysos

Some lists include Diónysos as one of the twelve Olympians. Those who promulgate this belief say that Æstía stepped down from her Olympic seat and gave it to Diónysos. This mischievous idea was concocted by the English poet and novelist Robert Graves (along with many other erroneous ideas) and it is a demonstration of how one influential person can cause considerable damage to a large number of people who are innocent of an idea's origin, for this belief has now infected the Internet and is most unfortunately seen everywhere. There is no believable evidence of this from antiquity and it is not even viewed as worthy of discussion by teachers of the religion in Greece. For many reasons, the idea theologically does not make any sense at all. 

The tradition held by this website is Orphic. It could almost be said that we are the religion of Diónysos, therefore, we would never diminish his importance. Diónysos is not an Olympian, he is a very special God. His importance can be gleaned from the Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony in the section entitled The Sixth King. His role is splendid and beautiful, for he is to free mortals from the sorrowful circle of rebirths (κύκλος γενέσεως), to free us from suffering. Diónysos is the great son of Zefs conceived to fulfill this mighty plan of his father, but he is not an Olympian God.


The Olympians are worshiped in pairs

Pleas visit this page: The Pairs of Gods.


The Twelve Ǽphori

Frequently an individual may be drawn to one or more of the Olympians and there is a tendency to ignore the rest of the pantheon, but all of the Gods and Goddesses of the Dodækáthæon work in a progression of influence on the soul. Therefore, although one deity may provide a steppingstone to a deeper relationship with the Gods, ultimately we need the support of the entire Dodækáthæon, for the Twelve Olympians have dominion over every single aspect of life, mortal, divine, vegetative, and beyond the earth; because of this, they are known as the Twelve Ǽphori (Ephoroi; Gr. Ἔφοροι), the magistrates or rulers who have dominion over the Natural Laws. They exercise ministry over the laws, for the harmonic concordance of these laws, and provide a means by which mortal beings can communicate with these laws, laws which are divine but, unlike the Olympians who have dominion over them, are impersonal. Because the Olympian Gods are personal deities with feelings and the ability to sense and respond to us, they provide a much more accessible means to understand and work with the laws of nature. And foremost: only the Olympian Gods can deify the soul, which is the ultimate goal of Próödos (Gr. Πρόοδος), Progress. 


The Olympians are the Zohdiokrátoræs

An excellent means by which to deepen one's relationship with the Olympian Gods is to establish their worship based on the Orphic monthsThe Orphic calendar is divided into twelve months, but they do not coincide with the Roman months; it is zodiacal. Each month is ruled by one of the twelve Olympian deities. When one of the Olympians is discussed in this way, this deity is called the Zohdiokrátohr (Gr. Ζῳδιοκράτωρ, singular), the presiding zodiacal deity, of the astrological sign over which he or she has dominion, and the Olympians are, therefore, known collectively as the Zohdiokrátoræs (Gr. ζῳδιοκράτορες, plural), the ruling deities of the Zodiac. 

In our tradition, all ritual performed during a particular zodiacal month incorporates the recitation of the Orphic Hymns for the Olympian God (and his or her Divine Consort) who have influence over that month. This is an excellent way to become familiar with the complete Dodækáthæon. After you have gone through the cycle for an entire year, you will become very familiar with the epithets and qualities of all the Olympians. 


The Older Olympian Gods  

The Olympians are sometimes classified in terms of "age." It is, generally, based on genealogy and how they are depicted in art. 

The Older Olympian Deities are all Gods of the Kronídai (Cronidae; Gr. Κρονίδαι), the progeny of Krónos (Cronus; Gr. Κρόνος), with the exception of Íphaistos. The explanation usually given concerning the inclusion of Íphaistos is that he is a son of Íra and he is never depicted in iconography as young; sometimes he is said to be a "wind-child" (Gr. ὑπηνέμιον πᾶιδα), a son of Íra alone and, therefore, not progeny of Zefs as are the rest of the Younger Olympian Gods. Ploutohn, (Pluto; Gr. Πλούτων), the third Zefs and also a member of the Kronídai, is not listed here because he is not an Olympian deity.

The Older Olympian Deities are:

Æstía and Íphaistos

Dimítir and Poseidóhn

Íra and Zefs


The Younger Olympian Gods    

The younger of the twelve are sometimes called the Lesser Olympian Gods; lesser, in this case, refers to "age" and not importance. They are all progeny of Zefs. In the Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony, Pándimos (Pandemus; Gr. Πάνδημος) Aphrodíti is the daughter of Zefs (and Dióhni [Dione; Gr. Διώνη]) and she is always depicted in iconography as young.

The Younger Olympian Gods are:

Athiná and Ærmís

Aphrodíti and Áris

Ártæmis and Apóllohn



For additional information on the Dodækáthæon, visit the individual pages for each deity (See the links above)


The story of the birth of the GodsOrphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.



The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The 
Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς). 



PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as 

, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

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