C - An Illustrated Glossary of Hellenic Polytheism

BEING A DICTIONARY OR BRIEF ENCYCLOPEDIA OF HELLENISMOS, THE ANCIENT PAGAN GREEK RELIGION
                                                                        
 HellenicGods.org

HOME           GLOSSARY          RESOURCE AND ESSAYS          ART         LOGOS         CONTACT

A    B    C    D    E    F    G    H    I    J    K   L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U and V    W, X, and Y    Z

PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as 

, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


PHOTO COPYRIGHT INFORMATION:  The many pages of this website incorporate images, some created by the author, but many obtained from outside sources.  To find out more information about these images and why this website can use them, visit this link:  Photo Copyright Information

DISCLAIMER:  The inclusion of images, quotations, and links from outside sources does not in any way imply agreement (or disagreement), approval (or disapproval) with the views of HellenicGods.org by the external sources from which they were obtained.

Further, the inclusion of images, quotations, and links from outside sources does not in any way imply agreement (or disagreement), approval (or disapproval) by HellenicGods.org of the contents or views of any external sources from which they were obtained.

ABBREVIATIONS:  A list of abbreviations used in the glossary can be found on this page: GLOSSARY HOME PAGE

  

C, The letter - The English letter c has been frequently used to represent the Greek letter KAPA in transliterated words, but we are avoiding this and using the English letter k, for obvious reasons.


Caduceus - Caduceus is the Roman word for Kirýkeion.  See Kirýkeion.

Cærulean - (from the Latin: caeruleus, "dark colored, dark blue, dark green, azure"Cærulean is an antique adjective used by Thomas Taylor in his translation of the Orphic Hymns. It literally means deep blue, but he tends to use the word metaphorically, "like the sky," "like the sea," or as an adjective referring to the river Gods.

Calendar, Orphic - Please visit this page: Hellenic Zodiacal Calendar

Callimachus - See Kallímakhos.

Cancer - See Karkínos.

Cantharos - See Kántharos.

Capitalization -  Throughout this website and the Glossary, we assume the convention of capitalizing the words God and Gods, unlike the convention of the scholars. This is for the obvious reason of piety and it is an expression of our sincerity regarding the validity of our Gods. In circumstances where there are words that refer to the Gods, words such as he, she, him , hermeminethey, etc., we do not capitalize, as such a practice would become excessive.

Capricorn - See Aigokǽrohs.

Carneia - Please visit this page: Κárneia.

Carneus - Please visit this page: Κárneia.

Catabasis - See Katávasis.

CE/BCE - vs - AD/BC - Two methods of describing dates, one oriented to favor Christian dominance, the other neutral. The designations, generally used by modern scholars, CE (Common Era) and BCE (Before the Common Era), are preferred. The designations AD (anno domini, "the year of the lord") and BC ("before Christ") are avoided on this website.

Celts - Please visit this page: Kæltí.

Centaur - See Kǽntavros.

Cerulean Mother - Cerulean Mother is the Roman name for Mítir Antaia (Mother Antaia; Gr. Μήτηρ Ανταία). Her hymn is number forty-one in the Orphic Hymns.

Ceres - Ceres is the Roman name for Dimítir (Demeter; Gr. Δημήτηρ)

Chalceus -  See Khalkéfs.

Chaos - See Kháos.

Chaplet - See Stǽphanos.

Chariot - The Chariot is symbolic of the Aitherial Envelope of the soul.

Charioteer of Delphi - See Iníokhos.

Charis - See Kháris.

Chernips - Please visit this page: Khǽrnips

Chi - See kh - Χ, χ (Khi).

Chimera - See Khímaira.

Chiron - See Kheiron.

Chiton - See Khitóhn.

Choe - See Khoí.

Chryselephantine - See Khrysælæphántinos.

Chthonios or chthonic - See Khthónios.

Chytri - See Khýtri.

C
istus - Visit this page: Labdanum.

Cithara - Please visit this page: The Lyre of Apóllohn.

Classical ElementsSee Elements, The Classical.

Cleobis and Bito - Please visit the following pages: Klǽovis and Víton and Kouros.

Clotho - See Klohthóh.

Clymene - See Klymǽni.

Cognitive dissonance - Cognitive dissonance is the stress resulting from holding two or more irreconcilable ideas, or it can refer to the psychological tension experienced when a closely held belief is challenged by a new experience which seems to contradict that conviction.

Co-Influence = InteractionAllilæpídrasi (Allilepidrasi; Gr. Ἁλληλεπίδραση). Co-Influence is the seventh of the Natural Laws. See Allilæpídrasi.

Colors associated with the Olympians - Please visit this page: Colors and the Olympians.

CompassionǼlæos (Eleos; Gr. Ἔλεος)

Completeness or Plenitude - See Plírohma.

Composite, The - See Sýnthæton, to.

Cone - The Cone is one of the Toys of DiónysosSee Kóhnos or Stróvilos.

Conscience Syneidisis (Gr. Συνείδησις)

Consorts, Divine or The Pairs of Gods - Please visit this page: Divine Consorts.

Corucian - The Orphic Hymn to Ærmís refers to Kóhrykos (Corycus; Gr. Κώρυκος). If you are using the Taylor translation he says at line 14 "Corucian, blessed, profitable God." Kóhrykos was an ancient city in Anatolia, the Southern promontory of the Erythraean peninsula opposite Khíos (Chios; Gr. Χίος), with a rich history. It is now in modern Turkey and called Kizkalesi. There is a cave near this place, the Corycian or Cilician Cave, the dwelling-place of Typhóhn (Typhon; Gr. Τυφῶν) and Ǽkhidna (Echidna; Gr. Ἔχιδνα). Pan and Ærmís were worshiped in this cave, and there was also a temple to Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) Kóhrykos at this place. There is also the Corycian Cave of Mount Parnassus, the dwelling of the Pýthohn (Python; Gr. Πύθων).

Cosmogony - Please visit this page: Orphic Cosmogony and Theology.

Cotyle - See Kotýli.

Couples, Divine - Please visit this page: Divine Consorts.


Courage - Courage is one of the Four Cardinal Virtues of classical antiquity. See Andreia and Thrásos.

Courage, The Ritual of - See Kourayía.

Crater - See Kratír.

Creator-God - Please visit this page: Creator God - Dimiourgόs.

Creature - The word creature is problematic in Ællinismόs (Hellenismos; Gr. Ἑλληνισμός), the ancient Greek religion, because to be a creature means that such a being was created and this implies a creator, but the idea of a creator does not seem to reflect the Orphic theogonía (Gr. Θεογονία). Rather than creature, a more appropriate term may be sentient beingPlease visit this page: Creator God - Dimiourgόs.

Crocus - See Krókos.

Cronidae - See Kronídai.

CronusVisit this page: Krónos.

Cult or cultus - Cult is the Anglicized form of the ancient Latin word cultus. Cultus is the ritual and participants for the worship of a deity, for instance, the cult of Pan or Diónysos, or the cult of all the deities. Cultus refers, in particular, to the outward expression of this worship, for it implies an obligation to the Gods, that we owe them a gesture of reverence and gratitude. When you are reading scholastic literature about the ancient religion and they use this word, it is not in the modern sense of a fanatical religious group that brainwashes its participants. Rather, cultus has no negative connotation but is something wholesome that everyone participates in when they practice their religion. The word is short for cultus deorum. Cultus means care, honoring, reverence, adoration, veneration (LD p. 488, right column); Deorum is from Dei meaning "Gods;" therefore, cultus deorum is the care of the Gods. It is related to thriskeia (threskeia; Gr. θρησκεία), the outward expression of our religion, which, from this perspective, is good and necessary.

Cult image or cult statue - The cult-image, the Ágalma (Gr. Ἄγαλμα), is a statue that represents a God. Please visit this page: Ágalma.

Cupid - Cupid is the Roman name for Ǽrohs (Eros; Gr. Ἔρως)Please visit this page: Ǽrohs.

Curetes - Please visit this page: Kouritæs.

Cydonia and Cydonian - See Kydohnía.

Cyre - See Kýri.


ABBREVIATIONS:  A list of abbreviations used in the glossary can be found on this page: GLOSSARY HOME PAGE

The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kosmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).


SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek         

 


For more information: Inquire.hellenicgods@gmail.com

For answers to many questions: Hellenismos FAQ

© 2010 by HellenicGods.org.  All Rights Reserved.