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ARES: THE EPITHETS
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EPITHETS OF ÁRIS 
(Abbreviations can be found on this page: Glossary Home Page)

This list of titles of the God Áris (Ares; Gr. Ἄρης) includes all of the epithets found in Orphic Hymn 65 and more, gathered from various sources. The transliteration method used in this list is Reuchlinian and unique to this website where the emphasis is primarily on pronunciation, but to avoid confusion there are separate entries using the more familiar Erasmian spellings found in English and American universities.

Adámastos - (adamastus; Gr. ἀδάμαστος, ΑΔΑΜΑΣΤΟΣ. Adj. Etym. ἀδάμας, "unconquerable.") Áris is adámastosindestructible(Orphic Hymn 65.2)
-
 Lexicon entry: ἀδάμαστος ον, (δαμάωunsubduedinflexible, of Hades: later in the proper sense, untamedunbroken. (L&S p. 20, left column, within the entries beginning with ἀδάμας, edited for simplicity.)

Ænyálios - (Enyalius; Gr. Ἐνυάλιος, ΕΝΥΑΛΙΟΣÆnyálios is an epithet meaning war-God.

Álkimos - (alcimus; Gr. ἄλκιμος, ΑΛΚΙΜΟΣ. Adj.) Áris is álkimosvaliantbrave. (Orphic Hymn 65.1, Slater p. 30, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Alloprósallos - (Gr. ἀλλοπρόσαλλος, ΑΛΛΟΠΡΟΣΑΛΛΟΣ. Noun.) Alloprósallos is an epithet of Áris meaning leaning first to one side, then to the other.  See Iliás (Iliad; Gr.  Ἰλιάς5.831/889. This is because Áris is not loyal to any particular side, but he is loyal to the struggle and to the souls who are engaged in it.

Ánax - (Gr. ἄναξ, ΑΝΑΞ) Áris is lordking(Orphic Hymn 65.3)

Aphneiós - (Gr. Ἀφνειός, ΑΦΝΕΙΟΣ. Adj.) Aphneiós is an Arcadian epithet of Áris meaning rich, wealthy. Paus. 8.44.7.

Íppios - (hippius; Gr. ἵππιος, ÍΠΠΙΟΣ) - Lexicon entry: ἵππιοςαον, (ἵππος) poet. form of ἵππειος (q. v.), of a horse or horses; epith. of Poseidon as creator of the horse; hence, of Colonos as sacred to him; also of Athena; of Hera, at Olympia; of Ares. II. of horsemen or the horse-race. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Árriktos - (arrectus; Gr. ἄρρηκτος, ΑΡΡΗΚΤΟΣ. Adj.) Áris is árriktosunbreakable. (Orphic Hymn 65.1, Slater p. 74, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Brotoctonus - See Vrotoktónos.

Enyalius - See Ænyálios .

Hesus - Hesus was a name for Áris amongst the ancient Gauls.

Mars - Mars is the Roman name for Áris.

Mægasthænís - (megasthenes; μεγασθενής, ΜΕΓΑΣΘΕΝΗΣ = μεγασθενές. Adj.) Áris is mægasthænísmighty in strength. (Orphic Hymn 65.1)
- Slater entry: μεγασθενήςmighty in strength. (Slater, p. 318, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Omvrimóthymos - (ombrimothymos; Gr. ὀμβριμόθυμος, ΟΜΒΡΙΜΟΘΥΜΟΣ = ὀβρῐμόθῡμος.Áris is omvrimóthymosdoughtyindomitable(Orphic Hymn 65.1)
Lexicon entry: ὀβρῐμόθῡμοςονstrong of spirit, Hes.Th.140, h.Hom.8.2 : written ὀμβριμόθυμοςOrph.Fr.169.12. (L&S p. 1196, right column near the top of the page within the entries beginning with ὀβριμόγυιος from the left column.)

Oplódoupos - (Gr. ὁπλόδουπος, ΟΠΛΟΔΟΥΠΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ὁπλόδουποςονrattling with armourOrph.H.65.3. (L&S p. 1240, left column, within the entries beginning with ὁπλοδιδακτής, edited for simplicity.)

Oplokharís - (oplochares; Gr. ὁπλοχαρής, ΟΠΛΟΧΑΡΗΣ) Áris is oplokharísdelighting in arms. (Orphic Hymn 65.2)
- Lexicon entry: ὁπλοχᾰρήςέςdelighting in arms, Orph.H.32.6 (ed. also of Ἀθηνᾶ). (L&S p. 1240, right column, within the entries beginning with ὁπλοφάγος, edited for simplicity.)

Oplophóros - (hoplophorus; Gr. πλοφόρος, ΟΠΛΟΦΟΡΟΣ. Adj.) Áris is oplophóros, arms-bearing.
- Lexicon entry: 
ὁπλοφόροςονbearing armsarmed manwarriorsoldierII. = δορυφόρος2. a magistrate or religious official (Samothrace). III. epith. of Pallas. (L&S p. 1240, right column, within the entries beginning with ὁπλοφάγος, edited for simplicity.)

Phriktós - (phrictus; Gr. φρικτός, ΦΡΙΚΤΟΣ. Adj.) Áris is phriktóshorrifying. (Orphic Hymn 65.4)
- Lexicon entry: φρικτόςήόν, (φρίσσω), to be shuddered atawfulII. bristling with spears. (L&S p. 1955, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Polæmóklonos - (polemoklonus; Gr. πολεμόκλονος, ΠΟΛΕΜΟΚΛΟΝΟΣ) Áris is polæmóklonos, he raises the clamor of combat.
- Lexicon entry: 
πολεμόκλονοςονraising the din of war(L&S p. 1432, right column, within the entries beginning with πολεμογράφος, edited for simplicity.)

Skiptoukhos - (sceptuchus; Gr. σκηπτοῦχος, ΣΚΗΠΤΟΥΧΟΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: σκηπτοῦχος, Dor. σκαπτ-, ον, (σκῆπτονἔχωbearing a staffbaton, or sceptre as the badge of command, σ. βασιλεύς a sceptred king: c. gen., θεῶν σ., of Aphrodite, Orph.H.55.11; [Ἄρης] ἠνορέης σ. h.Mart.6. (L&S p. 1609, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Teikhæsiplítis - (teichesipletes; Gr. τειχεσιπλήτης, ΤΕΙΧΕΣΙΠΛΗΤΗΣ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: τειχεσιπλήτηςου, (πελάζω) only in voc. -πλῆταapproacher of walls, i.e. stormer of cities, epith. of Ares, Il.5.31, 455. (Orphic Hymn 65.2, L&S p. 1766, within the entries beginning with τειχάριον, edited for simplicity.)

Vrotoktónos - (brotoctonus; Gr. βροτοκτόνος, ΒΡΟΤΟΚΤΟΝΟΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: βροτοκτόνος, ον, man-slaying: Ἄρης Orph.H.65.2. (L&S p. 331, left column, within the entries beginning with βρότειος, edited for simplicity.)


The story of the birth of the GodsOrphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.


 

The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).




PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology.
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.


SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek
Transliteration of Ancient Greek
Pronouncing the Names of the Gods in Hellenismos

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