Zeus - The Epithets



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Abbreviations can be found on this page: GLOSSARY HOME.


Among the epithets applied to Zeus by Homer and Virgil, are (as compiled in CM*p.16):

The Thunderer, Iliad i. 464.
Cloud-compelling Zeus, ib. 517.
Sire of Gods, ib. 554.
Sire of Gods and men, ib. 666.
Majesty of heaven, ib. 693.
Austere Kronios, ib. 714.
Supreme of Gods, Iliad ii. 491.
Ominpotence of heaven, ib.521.
Avenging God, ib. 955.
Inviolable king, Iliad iii. 144.
Eternal Zeus, ib. 348.
Monarch of the sky, Iliad iv. 95.
He who shakes Olympus with his nod, Iliad v. 1108.
The almighty power, Iliad vi. 320.
Imperial Zeus, Iliad vii. 230.
Heaven's great Father, Iliad viii. 293.
Panomphæan Zeus, ib. 300.
The Olympian sire, ib. 401.
Pelasgic, Dodonæan Zeus, Iliad xvi. 285.
Ethereal king, Odyssey xi. 76.
Feretrian, Æneid vi. 1187.
Idæan, Æn. vii.189.
Eternal energy, Æn. x. 26


Abretanus - a name of Zeus among the Abretani, a people of Mysia.  (CM*p.9)

Achad - a name of Zeus in Syria.  (CM*p.9)

Acræus - a name of Zeus at Smyrna.  (CM*p.9)

Acrettenus - a name of Zeus in Mysia.  (CM*p.9)

Adad - a name of Zeus in Syria.  (CM*p.9)

Adultus - name of Zeus from his being invoked by adults, on their marriage.  (CM*p.9)

Ægiochus - See Aiyíokhos.

Ægyptius - name of Zeus as venerated by the Egyptians. (CM*p.9)

Ælefsínios - (Eleusinios; Gr. Ἐλευσίνιος, ΕΛΕΥΣΙΝΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: Ἐλευσίνιος,αονof Eleusis; epith. of Zeus in Ionia; of Artemis in Sicily and Antioch; but mostly of Demeter; Ἐλευσείνιαι Demeter and Cora. (L&S p. 532, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Ænesius - name of Zeus from his temple on Mount Ænum, in Cephallenia.  (CM*p.9)

Ǽrros - (Erros; Gr. Ἔρρος, ΕΡΡΟΣ) Ǽrros is Zefs.

Æther - (Greek:  αἰθήρ)

- the name used by the poets for Zeus.  (CM*p.9)

“Zeus is Æther, Zeus is earth, Zeus is heaven: Zeus, in truth, is all things and more than all.” (Aeschylus fr. 70)

- "Maiden, 'twas Æther gave thee birth, Who is named Zeus by sons of earth." (Euripides fr. 877)

- "O ever untamed Æther, raised on high, in Zeus’ dominions, ruler of the sky"  (Orphic Hymn to Æther translated by Thomas Taylor)

"Very well! I swear it by the Æther, the dwelling-place of the king of the Gods.."  (Aristophanes, Thesmophriazusae 273; translated by Eugene O'Neill, Jr.)

- The Rhapsodic Theogony describes the evolution of Zeus from Æther.

Æthiops - name of Zeus in Ethiopia.  (CM*p.9)

Ætnæus - name of Zeus from Mount Etna.  (CM*p.9)

Afxitís - (auxetes; Gr. αὐξητής, ΑΥΞΗΤΗΣ) Lexicon entry: αὐξητής, οῦ, , increaser, Orph.H.11.11, Orph.H.15.8.

Agetor - (Gr.) a name of Zeus under which the Lacedæmonians invoked him as a leader or guide, when they were about to set out upon any military expedition.  (CM*p.9)

Agnós - (Hagnos; Gr. Ἁγνός, ΑΓΝΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ἁγνόςήόν, (cf. ἅγιος) purechasteholyI. of places and things dedicated to Godshallowed; of frankincense. 2. of divine persons,chastepure, Hom., mostly of Artemis; of Demeter, Demeter and Persephone; Apollo; Zeus: of the attributes of Gods. II. after Hom., of persons, undefiledchaste, of maidens. 2. pure from bloodguiltless3. generally, pureupright. (L&S p. 12, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Agoræus - (Gr.) a name of Zeus in markets or public places.  (CM*p.9)

Aigiochus - See Aiyíokhos.

Aiolómorphos - (aeolomorphus; Gr. αἰολόμορφος, ΑΙΟΛΟΜΟΡΦΟΣ) Zefs is aiolómorphos, capable of changing his form. (Orph. hymn 15.10)
- Lexicon entry: αἰολόμορφος, ονof changeful form, Orph.H.4.7, etc. (L&S p. 40, right column, within the entries beginning with 
αἰολόβουλος.)

Aiyíokhos - (Aigiochus; Gr. Αἰγίοχος, ΑΙΓΙΟΧΟΣ) Lexicon entry: αἰγίοχος, ον, (ϝέχω = veho) aegis-bearing, epith. of Zeus, Il.2.375. (L&S p. 35, left column, edited for simplicity.)

αἰγίοχος, riding on a goat. After having defeated Krónos, Zefs rides up on a she-goat to his place in the Sky while his two brothers take their places on Earth (Ploutohn) and in the Sea (Poseidóhn) (Rufinus Recogn. Book 10, Chapter 19)

Aliterius - (Latin) a name of Zeus from his having prevented the millers, in time of famine, from stealing the corn (aleo, "I grind").  (CM*p.9)

Almus - name of Zeus because he cherishes (alo, "I cherish") all things.  (CM*p.9)

Alumnus - name of Zeus because he cherishes (alo, "I cherish") all things.  (CM*p.9)

Altius - name of Zeus from his being worshipped in the sacred grove Altis, which surrounds his temple at Olympia.  (CM*p.9)

Alysius - name of Zeus.  (CM*p.9)

Amarios - (Greek:  Ἀμἀριος, ἈΜἈΡΙΟΣ) epithet of Zeus and Athena in Achaea.  (L&S p.77, left column)

Ambulius - (Latin) name of Zeus probably from a statue of the God in a portico at Sparta, in which the people of that city were accustomed (ambulo, "I walk") to walk.  But as it seems strange that the Lacedæmonians should have chosen a Latin in preference to a Greek term, other mythologists derive Ambulius from Ambulti, a word which is said to imply prolongation, inasmuch as Zeus prolongs life.  (CM*p.9)

Ammon - (Gr.) name of Zeus from a word signifying sand; Zeus having succoured (def. help or assistance especially in times of great difficulty) his son Vacchus with water, while traversing the sandy deserts of Africa: or from a Hebrew word signifying sun, with which luminary Zeus is often confounded.  (CM*p.9)

Ánax - (Gr. Ἄναξ, ΑΝΑΞ) Ánax is king.
- Lexicon entry: 
ἄναξ [], ἄνακτος (cf. Ἄνακες), , rarely fem. ὦ ἄνα for ἄνασσα:—lordmaster1. of the Gods, esp. Apollo; of Zeus; Poseidon, of Πλοῦτος; esp. of the Dioscuri, cf. Ἄνακες, Ἄνακοι; of all the Gods. (L&S p. 114, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Anchesmius - name of Zeus from the mountain Anchesmus, in Attica.  (CM*p.9)

Anxurus - name of Zeus from his temple at Anxur, in Campania.  (CM*p.9)

Apatenor - (Gr.) name of Zeus meaning the deceiver.  (CM*p.9)

Apaturius -  (Gr.) name of Zeus meaning the deceiver.  (CM*p.9)

Apemius - (Gr.) name of Zeus meaning averter of evil, a name under which he was worshipped on Parnassus, a mountain of Bactriana, in Asia.  (CM*p.9)

Apesantias - name of Zeus, from ApesusApesas or Apesantus, a mountain of the Peloponnesus, near Lerna. (CM*p.10)

Aphesius - (Gr.) (or the caster) Zeus was worshipped under this name in his temple on the summit of a mountain, which commanded the road to Sciron.  During a drought, Æacus, after having made a sacrifice to Pallantian Zeus in Ægina, caused a part of the victim to be brought to the top of the mountain, and threw it into the sea, in order to propitiate the God.  (CM*p.10)

Aphlystius  (CM*p.10)

Áphthitos - (Gr. ἄφθιτος, ΑΦΘΙΤΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 15.1, Zefs is called áphthitos, imperishable, immortal.
- Lexicon entry: ἄφθῐτος, ον, (φθίνω) not liable to perish, undecaying, imperishable, freq. in Hom. (mostly in Il.) and Trag.: 1. of things. 2. of persons, immortal, of the Gods. (L&S p. 289, right column at the very top, edited for simplicity.)

Apobaterius - (Gr.) a name of Zeus, his name among mariners, "he who presides over landing," from his enabling them to quit their ships and recover the land.  (CM*p.10)

Apomyios - (Gr.) name of Zeus alluding to his having driven away flies, which incommoded Herakles during a sacrifice.  (CM*p.10)

Arbitrator - a name of Zeus at Rome, as invoked in arbitrations.  (CM*p.10)

Aretrius - the name of Zeus used by the Phœnicians.  (CM*p.10)

Argiceraunus - See Aryikǽravnos.

Aryikǽravnos - (argiceraunus; Gr. ἀργικέραυνος, ΑΡΓΙΚΕΡΑΥΝΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ἀργῐκέραυνος, ον, with bright, vivid lightning, epith. of Zeus. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Asbystus - name of Zeus, from Asbystæ, a people of Libya, in whose country the temple of Zeus-Ammon was built.  (CM*p.10)

Assabinus - an Arabian name of Zeus.  (CM*p.10)

Asterius  (CM*p.10)

Astrapæus - See Astrapaios.

Astrapaios - (astrapaeus; Gr. ἀστραπαῖος, ΑΣΤΡΑΠΑΙΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic Hymn 15.9, Zefs is called astrapaios, wielding lightning.
- Lexicon entry: ἀστρᾰπαῖος, α, ον, of lightning Ζεὺς ἀ. (L&S p. 262, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Atabyris - name of Zeus from his temple on a mountain of that name in Rhodes.  (CM*p.10)

Athous - the name of Zeus used on Mount Athos.  (CM*p.10)

Auxetes - See Afxitís.

Baructupos - See Varýktypos.

Belus - the name of Zeus used among the Assyrians and Babylonians.  (CM*p.10)

Bemilucius - a name inscribed upon a statue of Zeus near the Abbey Favigny in Burgundy.  (CM*p.10)

Biennius - name of Zeus derived from Biennus, one of the Kuretes.  (CM*p.10)

Brontæus - See Vrontaios.

Bulaeus - See Voulaios.

Capitolinus - name of Zeus from his temple on Mount Capitolinus.  (CM*p.10)

Cappautas - (Gr.) name of Zeus meaning making to cease; the title Zeus Cappautas, was given to the stone on which Orestes was seated at the moment of recovering his reason.  (CM*p.10)

Caræus - one of the names of Zeus in Caria.  (CM*p.10)

Casius - name of Zeus used on Mount Casius, at the east of Pelusium.  (CM*p.10)

Catæbates - See Kataivátis. 
  
Catharsius - See Kathársios.

Celestinus - (Latin) Zeus the Celestial.  (CM*p.10)

Cenæus - name of Zeus from his temple on the promontory Cenæum, in Eubœa.  (CM*p.10)

Centipeda - (Latin) name of Zeus meaning hundred-footed, in allusion to his stability.  (CM*p.10)

Ceraunius - See Kærávnios.

Chamaizelos Zefs - See Khamaizilos Dios.

Charidotes - See Kharidóhtis.

Charisius - (Gr.) name of Zeus, from a word signifying gracefavor; as being the God by whose influence men obtain favor with each other.  The Greeks, at their banquets, poured out their libations in the name of Zeus Charisius.  (CM*p.10)

Charmon - one of the names of Zeus in Arcadia.  (CM*p.10)

Chrysaoreus - See Khrysaoréfs.

Cithæronius - name of Zeus from Mount Cithæron, in Bœotia.  (CM*p.10)

Cledonius - See Klidónios.

Clerius - (Gr.) name of Zeus near Tegæa in Arcadia; the sons of Arcas having settled their in inheritances by drawing lots in this place.  (CM*p.10)

Conius - (Gr.) name of Zeus at Megara in Achaia, where his temple, being devoid of a roof, was exposed to dust.  (CM*p.10)

Conservator (Latin) name of Zeus, preserver; his name on the coins of Dimitian.  (CM*p.11)

Cosmetes - (Gr.) one of the epithets of Zeus at Sparta, from giving arrangement and method.  (CM*p.11)

Crescens - (Latin) name of Zeus depicted as a child mounted upon a goat.  (CM*p.11)

Croceates - name of Zeus at Croceæ, in Laconia.  (CM*p.11)

Cronides - See Kronídis.

Cronion - See Kroníohn.

Cronius - See Krónios.

Ctesius - (Gr.) See Ktisios.

Custos - (Latin) Zeus the guardian.  (CM*p.11)

Cynetheus - one of the names of Zeus in Arcadia.  (CM*p.11)

Damascenes - the name of Zeus at Damascus.  (CM*p.11)

Dapalis - (Latin) name for Zeus from his presiding over (dapes) sacred feasts.  (CM*p.11)

Demarus - name for Zeus in Phœnicia.  (CM*p.11)

Den - See Zas.

Depulsor - (Latin) name of Zeus, from depello, to push, to defend.  (CM*p.11)

Descensor - (Latin) name of Zeus expressive of his occasional descent upon earth.  (CM*p.11)

Di - (Gr. Δί, ΔΙ) Lexicon entry: Δί, Δία, v. Ζεύς. (dative indeclinable form)

Dia - (Gr. Δία, ΔΙΑ) See Di.

Dictæus - name of Zeus on Mount Dicte, in Crete.  (CM*p.11)

Diespiter - (Latin) name of Zeus meaning father of day.  (CM*p.11)

Dijovis - (Latin) name of Zeus, being a contraction of Deus Jovis, the God Jupiter.  (CM*p.11)

Din - (Gr. Δήν, ΔΉΝ)  Pronunciation: theen, the th is soft as the th in this, not hard as the th in theory.

- Lexicon entry: Δήν, Δνος, Cret., = Ζεύς, SIG527.18 (iii B. C.). (L&S p. 387, right column)

- See Zas.

Dinos - See Din.

Diomeus - name of Zeus in the Athenian borough of Diomus.  (CM*p.11)

Diós - (Gr. Διός, ΔΙΟΣCf. διαίρεσις diairesis "divisibility") Lexicon entry: Διός [ῐ], gen. of Ζεύς.  (L&S p. 435, left column) 

Dis - See Zas.

Dodonæus - name of Zeus from his famous oracle at Dodona.  (CM*p.11)

Dolichenius - name of Zeus under which he was worshipped at Dolichene, a town of Syria, and at Marseilles; his statue representing him in complete armor, standing upon a cask, at the foot of which was a spread eagle.  (CM*p.11)

Dyn - See Din.

Dynos - See Din.

Éfkleios - (Eucleius; Gr. Εὔκλειος, ΕΥΚΛΕΙΟΣÉfkleios is an epithet of Zefs meaning of good repute, glory(L&S p. 718, left column, within the entry for the word εὔκλειᾰ.)

Ejazius  (CM*p.11)

Eleus - name of Zeus at Elis.  (CM*p.11)

Eleusinios - See Ælefsínios.

Eleutherius - (Gr.) name of Zeus as the assertor of liberty.  This title was assigned to him after the defeat of the Persians at Platæa.  (CM*p.11)

Elicius - (Latin) name of Zeus derived from elicio, to draw down; Zeus being drawn down by prayer.  (CM*p.11)

Elipinates - (Gr.) name of Zeus as he who presides over banquets.  (CM*p.11)

Endendros - (Gr.) name of Zeus probably from his temples being often surrounded with trees or thick groves.  (CM*p.11)

Ephaptor - (Gr. Ἐφάπτὡρ, ἘΦΆΠΤὩΡ)
- epithet of Zeus: "And Zeus Ephaptōr engendered offspring with his hand" (Aeschylus Supplices 312, trans. Pär Sanden, 2003, 2005; Symmachus Publishing, p.28)
- "one who touches, or, seizes.  It is applied to Jupiter as touching Io, and having a son, thence named Επαϕος (ed. Epaphos).  Æsch. Prom. 876. Supp. 309, 11." (A New and Complete Gradus: or, Poetical Lexicon of the Greek Language by Edward Maltby, 1830, G. Woodfall Publish., p.275)
- Lexicon entry: ἐφάπτ-ωρ, ορος, ὁ, also ἡ, laying hold of, seizing, ῥυσίων A.Supp.728.  II. one who strokes or caresses, ib.312535 (lyr.) (with ref. to the name Ἔπαφος). (L&S p.741, left column, within the definitions beginning ἐφάπτ-ω) 
- title of Dionysos: "(Orphik Hymn, Trieterikos lii. 9.) The Caresser.  This epithet means primarily one-who-seizes-on, and hence a kindler or inflamer; (Cf. Eur. Bak. 777.) and, lastly, one-who-caresses.  It contains the idea of the life-inflaming power of the world evolved into personal amorousness. (Cf. Polyparthenos.)"  (GDM2 p.12)

Epidotes - (Gr.) name of Zeus expressive of his liberality; his name at Mantinea.  (CM*p.11)

Epirnutius - one of the names of Zeus in Crete.  (CM*p.11)

Epiphanes - (Gr.) name of Zeus, expressive of appearance.  (CM*p.11)

Epistius - (Gr.) name of Zeus as presiding over hearths or harbors.  (CM*p.11)

Erceus - (Gr.) or Herceus; name of Zeus, according to some, he was invoked as a household God under this name.  (CM*p.11)

Eribremetes - (Gr. Ἐριβρεμέτης, ἘΡΙΒΡΕΜΈΤΗΣ) loud-thundering, Ζεύς Il.13.624 ; of Aeschylus, Ar.Ra.814(hex.); Διόνυσος D.P.578, etc.; loud-roaring, λέοντες Pi.I.4(3).46 ; loud-sounding, αὐλόςAP6.195 (Arch.). (L&S p. 687, right column; within the entries beginning with ἐρί-βομβος

Erigdupos - (Gr.) name of Zeus expressive of thundering.  (CM*p.11)

Erros -  See Ǽrros.

Evanemus - (Gr.) name of Zeus, expressive of his being invoked to appease the winds.  He had a temple under this name at Sparta.  (CM*p.11)

Eucleius - See Éfkleios.

Europæus - name of Zeus from his flight with Europa.  (CM*p.11)

Euryopa - See Evrýopa.

Evrýopa - (euryopa; Gr. εὐρύοπα, ΕΥΡΥΟΠΑ) In the epics of Ómiros (Homer; Gr. Ὅμηρος) Zefs is called evrýopa, wide-eyed.
- Lexicon entry: εὐρύοπᾰ, , Ep. epith. of Zeus, used as nom. in fifth foot, Od.14.235; as voc., εὐρύοπα Ζεῦ Il.16.241; εὐρύοπα Κρονίδης Orac. ap. Hdt.8.77; also as acc. (as if from nom. εὐρύοψ), εὐρύοπα Ζῆν Il.8.206. (Derived by the Greeks from ὄπ-, ὄψομαι, wide-eyed or from ὄπ- 'voice', far-sounding, i.e. thundering: prob. cogn. with Skt. urūc [imacracute] 'wide', epith. of Heaven-and-Earth, etc., fem. of uru-vyác- or *uru-ác-.)

Exacesterius - (Gr.) name of Zeus as healer or appeaser.  (CM*p.11)

Expiator - (Latin) name of Zeus from his being worshipped as the expiator of mankind.  (CM*p.11)

Fagutalis - (Latin) name of Zeus under which he was worshipped on Mount Aventine, amid a grove of beech trees.  (CM*p.11)

Feretrius - (Latin) name of Zeus from the spoils of Acron, which were consecrated to Jupiter, being carried (fero, I carry) by Romulus into the city in triumph, suspended on a frame (fere trum).  Acron was king of the Cæninenses.  (CM*p.11)

Fidius - (Latin) (Gr. Πίστιος Ζεύς = Latin: Juppiter Fidius), a surname of Jupiter, in Dionys. Halic. called Ζεύς Πίστιος (Zeus Pistios), identical with the Sabine Sancus: Nonas Sanco Fidione referrem; more usually connected with deus (dius) or medius (i.e. dius or deus, with the demonstr. part. me), and also joined into one word, mediusfidius, as an asserveration, qs. by the God of truth!  as true as heaven! most certainly! --B. Of Hercules. (LD p.747, right column) See Pistius, Pistios.

Forensis - (Latin)  (CM*p.11)

Fluvialis - (Latin) name of Zeus from his presiding over (fluvius) rivers.  (CM*p.11)

Fulgens - (Latin) name of Zeus from his celestial (fulgo, I shine) splendor.  (CM*p.11)

Fulgur - (Latin) name of Zeus from his celestial (fulgo, I shine) splendor.  (CM*p.11)

Fulgurator - (Latin) name of Zeus from his celestial (fulgo, I shine) splendor.  (CM*p.11) 

Fulminans - (Latin) Zeus the Thunderer, from fulmen, thunderbolt.  (CM*p.12)

Fulminator - (Latin) Zeus the Thunderer, from fulmen, thunderbolt.  (CM*p.12)

Gamelius - (Gr.) name of Zeus, presiding over marriages, which were celebrated on the first day of the monthGamelion, being considered as of good omen.  (CM*p.12) 

Genetæus - name of Zeus on the promontory Genetæum, in Sicily.  (CM*p.12)

Genethlius - (Gr.) name of Zeus, as presiding over births; one of the names under which he was worshipped at Sparta.  (CM*p.12)

Genitor - (Latin) Zeus the Father.  (CM*p.12)

Gragus - name of Zeus in Lycia.  (CM*p.12)

Hecalus - name of Zeus, from Hecale, one of the boroughs of the Leontian tribe in Attica; or from an old woman called Hecale, by whom he had a statue erected.  (CM*p.12)

Hecalesius - name of Zeus, from Hecale, one of the boroughs of the Leontian tribe in Attica; or from an old woman called Hecale, by whom he had a statue erected.  (CM*p.12) 

Hecatombæus - (Gr.) name of Zeus, he to whom hecatombs are offered; his name in Caria and in Crete.  (CM*p.12)

Heliconius - name of Zeus as he was worshipped on Mount Helicon.  (CM*p.12)

Hellanian - name of Zeus.  (CM*p.12)

Hellenius - name of Zeus as worshipped by the Hellenes (Greeks).  (CM*p.12)

Herceus - (Gr.) name of Zeus as defender of houses and their inmates.  (CM*p.12)

Hermonthites - name of Zeus at Hermonthis, in Egypt.  (CM*p.12)

Herus - Zeus the Lord; the interpretation of his title upon the obelisk of Rameses.  (CM*p.12)

Homagyrius - (Gr.) name of Zeus; as presiding over public assemblies; his name at Ægium, a town on the Corinthian isthmus.  (CM*p.12)

Homoloius - (Gr.) name of Zeus at Thebes, from Hompole in Bœotia; from the prophetess Homoloia; or, from a Greek word, which, in the Eolian dialect, signifies peaceable.  (CM*p.12)

Horcius - (Gr.) name of Zeus as presiding over the solemnity of oaths.  (CM*p.12)

Hospes - (Latin) name of Zeus from his presiding over the laws of hospitality.  (CM*p.12)

Hospitalis - (Latin) name of Zeus from his presiding over the laws of hospitality.  (CM*p.12)

Hupatus - (Gr.) Zeus the Supreme; Cecrops, king of Athens, dedicated a temple to him under this name.  (CM*p.12)

Hyetios or Hyetius - See Iætios.

Hymettius - one of the names of Zeus on Mount Hymettus.  (CM*p.12)

Hypatos - See Ýpatos.

HypatusÝpatos.

Hyperpheretes - See Ypærphærǽtis.

tios, Hyetios, or Hyetius - (Gr. Ὑέτιος, ὙΈΤΙΟΣ) name of Zeus as bringing rain; he had a temple on Mount Hymettus, in Attica, under this name. (CM*p.12)
ὑέτ-ιος, α, ον, rainy, bringing rain, ἄνεμοι Arist.Pr. 940b33; Ζεὺς ὑ. Id.Mu.401a18SIG1107.4 (Cos. iii/ii B.C.), Corn. ND9 (so ὁ Ὑ. alone, Annuario 8/9.321 (Rhodes)); ὑετιώτερος νότος Thphr.Vent.7; cf. ὑετός 11. (L&S p.1846, right column carried over from bottom left, in the listings beginning with ὑετ-ία)

Icesius - See Ikǽsios.

Icmæus - (Gr.) name of Zeus meaning showering, raining.  (CM*p.12)

Idæus - name of Zeus as he was worshipped on Mount Ida.  (CM*p.12)

Ikǽsios - (Icesius or Ikesius; Gr. Ἱκέσιος, ΙΚΕΣΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ἱκέσιος, α, ον, or ος, ον (v. infr.), of or for suppliants, epith. of Zeus, their protector. (L&S p. 826, left column, within the entries following ἱκεσία, edited for simplicity.)

Ileos - (Gr.) name of Zeus meaning propitious.  (CM*p.12)

Imperator - (Latin) Zeus the Ruler, Zeus the Commander; the name of one of his statues in Rome.  (CM*p.12)

Infans - (Latin) name of Zeus at Ægium, a town on the Corinthian isthmus.  (CM*p.12)

Infirnalis - (Latin) name of Zeus in a temple of Athena at Argos: the statue of wood which represented him had three eyes, as symbolical of his triple power, over the heavens, the earth, and the sun.  (CM*p.12)

Inventor - a name of Zeus at Præneste.  (CM*p.12)

Invictus - (Latin) Zeus the Invincible.  (CM*p.12)

Ion - one of the names of Zeus when confounded with Osiris.  (CM*p.12)

Iovis - Iovis is the Roman name for Zefs, Anglicized as Jove.

Ipatos - See Ýpatos.

Itonius - name of a statue of Zeus in the temple of Athena, at Itonia, in Bœotia.  (CM*p.12)

Ithometes - name of Zeus; from Ithome, a city in Thessaly or Messene, where Zeus is said to have been nursed by the nymphs Ithome and Neda, who gave names, the former to a town, he latter to a river.  (CM*p.12)

Iupeter - Iupeter is a Roman name for Zefs, Anglicized as Jupiter.

Jove - Jove is a Roman name for Zefs, Anglicized from Iovis.

Jupiter - name of Zeus associated with Roman religion, but it is a contraction of two Greek words, signifying Father Jove.  (CM*p.12) - Anglicized from the Latin Iupeter.
Jūppĭter (Jūpĭter ; in all good MSS. doubl p; v. Wagner, Orthogr. Vergl. s. h. v.), Jŏvis (nom. Jovis, Enn. ap. App. de Deo Socr. p. 42; Ann. v. 64 Vahl.), m. Jovis-pater; Jovis for Djovis, kindred to Sanscr. dyō, splendere; Gr. Ζεύς; cf. Bopp. Gloss. p. 177, a, Jupiter or Jove, a son of Saturn, brother and husband of Juno, the chief God among the Romans; corresp. to the Gr. ΖεύςPlaut. Capt. 4, 2, 89Cic. N. D. 2, 26, 643, 21, 53: Juppiter pater, old formula ap. Liv. 1, 18 ext.: “Jovis satelles,” the eagleCic. Div. 1, 47, 106; so, “Jovis ales,” Ov. A. A. 3, 420.—As the God of omens, etc.: “te prodigiali Iovi conprecatam oportuit,” Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 108.—Prov.: Jovem lapidem jurare, said of one who swore by Jupiter (holding in one hand a knife with which he pierced the sacrificial sow, and in the other hand a stone); “of gossips: sciunt quod Juno fabulata'st cum Jove,” Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 171; Paul. ex Fest. s v. lapidem, p. 115 Müll.; Cic. Fam. 7, 12, 2Gell. 1, 21, 4.—In plur.: “Varro trecentos Joves (sive Juppiteres dicendum) introducit,” Tert. Apol. 14“and, trop.: repente ut emoriantur humani Joves,” Plaut. Cas. 2, 5, 26: “Joves quoque plures in priscis Graecorum litteris invenimus,”Cic. N. D. 3, 16, 42.— II. Transf. A. As the God of heaven, his name is freq. used by the poets as i. q. Heaven, sky, air: aspice hoc sublimen candens, quem invocant omnes Jovem, Enn. ap. Cic. N. D. 2, 25, 65: “Chrysippus disputat, aethera esse eum, quem homines Jovem appellarent,” Cic. N. D. 1, 15, 40: “sub Jove frigido,” Hor. C. 1, 1, 25: “malus,”id. ib. 1, 22, 20: “metuendus, i. e. pluvius,” Verg. G. 2, 419: “hibernus,” Stat. Th. 3, 26: “sub Jove pars durat,” in the open air, Ov. F. 3, 527: “loci,” the temperature, id. M. 13, 707.— B. Juppiter Stygius, i. e. Pluto, Verg. A. 4, 638; cf. “terrestris,” Plaut. Pers. 1, 3, 20; of the planet Jupiter, Cic. N. D. 2, 20; Luc. 10, 207.— C. As an exclamation of surprise, i. q. our My heavens! good heavens! Juppiter! estne illic Charinus? Plaut. Merc. 5, 2, 24. (LD p.1018, left column)

Kærávnios - (ceraunius; Gr. κεραύνιος, ΚΕΡΑΥΝΙΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 15.9, Zefs is called kærávnios, the wielder of the thunderbolt.
- Lexicon entry: κεραύνιος, α, ον, also ος, ον:— of a thunderbolt. 2. thundersmitten, of Semele. II. = κεραύνειος, [Ζεύς]. (L&S p. 942, left column, within the entries beginning with κεραυνεγχής, edited for simplicity.)

Karaios - (Gr. Καραιός, ΚΑΡΑΙΟΣ), ο, (κάρα A) name of Zeus in Boeotia, IG7.3208 (Orchom.), Hsch., cj. Mein. in Cratin.111; cf. Κάριος. (L&S p.877, left column)

Kataivátis - (cataebates; Gr. καταιβάτης, ΚΑΤΑΙΒΑΤΗΣ) In Orphic hymn 15.6, Zefs is called kataivátis, he who descends in thunder in lightning.
- Lexicon entry: καταιβάτης [], ου, ὁ, a name of Zeus as descending in thunder and lightning. 2. of Hermes, who led souls down to the nether world. 3. of Ἀχέρων, that to which one descends, downward. 4. of a person, descending underground, Dam. Isid.131. 5. καταιβάται, οἱ, members of a thiasos of worshippers of Dionysus.--In these senses the form καταβάτης never occurs; cf. καταιβάσιος, καταιβάτις, etc. (L&S p. 891, right column, within the entries beginning with 
καταιβασία, edited for simplicity.) 

Kathársios - (catharsius; Gr. καθάρσιος, ΚΑΘΑΡΣΙΟΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: κᾰθάρσιος, ον, (καθαίρω) cleansing from guilt or defilement, purifying, Ζεύς; of Dionysus; of sacrifice. (L&S p. 851, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Khamaizilos Dios - (Chamaizelos Zefs; Χαμαίζηλος Διός. Etym. Χᾰμαί means on the groundon the earthζῆλος means jealousy or envy, so he likes to be on the EarthKhamaizilos Dios is Khthonic Zefs.
- Ζες χ., = χθόνιος, Orph.A.931; Ποσειδν χ. IG22.1367. (L&S p. 1975, right column, within the entries beginning with χᾰμαι-γενής, sub-heading χᾰμαί-ζηλος)

Kharidóhtis - (charidotes; Gr. χαριδώτης, ΧΑΡΙΔΩΤΙΣ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: χᾰρῐδώτηςουjoy-giver, epith. of Hermes; of Dionysus; of Zeus; Dor. χᾰρῐδώτας:—fem. χᾰρῐδῶτιςιδοςOrph.H.55.9 (ed. Aphrodíti).

Khrysaoréfs - (Chrysaoreus; Gr. Χρυσᾱορεύς, ΧΡΥΣΑΟΡΕΥΣ) Lexicon entry: χρυσᾱορεύς, έως, with sword of gold, of Zeus at Stratonicea; also χρυσᾱόριος: hence χρῡσᾱορεῖς, οἱ, of a league formed by his worshippers. (L&S p. 2009, left column, within the entry for Χρυσάορος, edited for simplicity.)
name of Zeus from Chrysaoris (ed. Χρυσαορὶς), a town of Cilicia (ed. Κιλικία).  (CM*p.10)

Klidónios - (Cledonius; Gr. Κληδόνιος, ΚΛΗΔΟΝΙΟΣ) The title Klidónios refers to the oracular power of Zefs.
- giving an omen, = πανομφαῖος, title of Zeus. (L&S p. 958, right column at the bottom, within the entries beginning with κληδονίζω, edited for simplicity.)

Krataivátis - (krataibates; Gr. κρᾰταιβάτης, ΚΡΑΤΑΙΒΑΤΗΣ) Lexicon entry: κρᾰταιβάτης [βᾰ], ου, Dor. -τᾱς, α, , striding in might, epith. of Zeus. (L&S p. 990, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Kronídis - (Cronides; Gr. Κρονίδης, ΚΡΟΝΙΔΗΣ) This being a major epithet of the God. Lexicon entry: Κρονίδης [], ου, , Patron., son of Cronos, i.e. Zeus. (L&S p. 998, within the entries beginning with Κρονεῖον, edited for simplicity.) Cf. Kroníohn and Krónios.

Kroníohn - (Cronion; Gr. Κρονίων, ΚΡΟΝΙΩΝ) Lexicon entry: Κρονίων, ωνος, , son of Cronos, i.e. Zeus. (L&S p. 998, within the entries beginning with Κρονεῖον, edited for simplicity.) Cf. Kronídis and Krónios.

Krónios - (Cronius; Gr. Κρόνιος, ΚΡΟΝΙΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 15.6, Zefs is called Krónios, Kronian, of Kronos, his father. Cf. Kronídis and Kroníohn.
- Lexicon entry: Κρόνιος, α, ον, (Κρόνος) of Cronos or Saturn. II. = Κρονικός (ed. the planet Saturn). (L&S p. 998, within the entries beginning with Κρονεῖον, edited for simplicity.)

Ktisios or Ctesius - (Gr. Κτήσιος) Zeus the Giver of Riches.  (CM*p.11)
-
Lexicon entry: κτήσ-ιος, α, ον, (κτῆσις) belonging to propertyχρήματα κ. propertyA.Ag.1009 (lyr.); κ. βοτόν a sheep of one's own flockS.Tr. 690.   II. domesticΖεὺς κ. the protector of house and propertyA. Supp.445, Hp.Insomn.89, Orac. ap. D.21.53Antipho 1.16: pl., τοὺς κ. Δίας Anticl.13; also Ἀθηνᾶ κ. Hp.l.c.; ὁ θεὸς ὁ κ. Plu.2.828a; κ. βωμός the altar of Ζεὺς κτήσιοςA.Ag.1038θεοὶ κ., = Lat. PenatesD.H. 8.41.  (L&S p. 1002, right column within the entries beginning with κτησ-ἑίδιον)

Labradeus - one of the names of Zeus in Caria.  Lybrys, in the Carian language, signifies a hatchet; which implement was placed in Zeus' hand, in Caria.  (CM*p.12)   

Laoetas - (Gr.) or plebeian, name of Zeus at Olympia.  (CM*p.13)

Laphystius - name of Zeus, from his temple on Laphystium, a mountain of Bœotia.  (CM*p.13)

Lapideus - (Latin) name of Zeus, from the stone (lapis) which Kronos swallowed, instead of the infant Zeus.  (CM*p.13)

Larisæus - name of Zeus from his temple at Larissa, a town of Asia Minor, on the Cayster.  (CM*p.13)

Latialis - name of Zeus, from his being worshipped in Latium.  (CM*p.13)

Latiaris - name of Zeus, from his being worshipped in Latium.  (CM*p.13)

Latius - name of Zeus, from his being worshipped in Latium.  (CM*p.13)

Leuceus - (Gr.) name of Zeus; shiningclearwhite; his name at Leprium, in Elis.  (CM*p.13)

Liberator - (Latin) Zeus the Deliverer.  (CM*p.13)

Locheates - (Gr.) name of Zeus at Alipheria, a town of Arcadia; from his having given birth to Athena.  (CM*p.13)

Lucerius - (Gr.) Zeus, as being God of light.  (CM*p.13)

Lucetius - (Latin) Zeus, as being God of light.  (CM*p.13)

Lycæus - (Gr.) name of Zeus, from a word signifying wolf; Zeus having been said to change Lycaon, the son of Titan and Terra, into a wolf: or from a mountain in Arcadia, upon which Lycaon had built a temple to his honor.  (CM*p.13)

Lycoræus - name of Zeus at Lycorea, in Phocis.  (CM*p.13)

Maddracchus - name of Zeus among the Syrians, implying all-seeing and omnipresent.  (CM*p.13)

Maimactes - name of Zeus, from the Greek month Maimacterium; or from a Greek word signifying furious.  Zeus was worshipped under this name, as God of the air, that he might avert storms and intemperate seasons.  (CM*p.13)

Maius - (Latin) name of Zeus, from his superiority over the other Gods.  (CM*p.13)

Maranasis - name of Zeus, his name at Gaza in Palestine.  (CM*p.13)

Marianus - name of Zeus, from his temple built to his honor by Marius.  (CM*p.13)

Marinus - name of Zeus, as presiding over the (mare) sea.  (CM*p.13)

Maritimus - name of Zeus, as presiding over the (mare) sea; his name among the Sidonians.  (CM*p.13)

Martius - name of Zeus signifying his martial power.  (CM*p.13)

Maximus - (Latin) name of Zeus, from his being the greatest of the Gods.  (CM*p.13)

Mechaneus - (Gr.) name of Zeus, from a word signifying means or instrument; Zeus being considered as the patron of all undertakings.  (CM*p.13)

Meilichius - See Milikhios.

Melissæus - name of Zeus, from Melissa, the sister of Amalthæa, one of his nurses.  (CM*p.13)

Messapeus - name of Zeus at the foot of Mount Taygetus, in Laconia.  (CM*p.13)

Metieta - See Mitíæta.

Milikhios or Meilichius - (Gr.Μιλίχιος, ΜΙΛΊΧΙΟΣ) Zeus the propitious; the name by which he was invoked in one of his festivals at Athens.  (CM*p.13)
- Lexicon entry for μιλίχιος: μειλίχ-ιος, α, ον, also ος, ον Plu.2.370d, cf. Hsch.:—, gentle, soothing, Hom. mostly of speech. II. later of persons, mild, gracious, Ζεὺς Μιλίχιος the protector of those who invoked him with propitiatory offerings, at Athens, IG12.866 (writtenΜιλίχιος), Th.1.126X.An.7.8.4; at Orchomenus in Boeotia, IG7.3169 (written Μιλίχιος BCH50.422 (Thespiae)); in Argolis, Paus.2.20.1, etc. (L&S p.1093, left column; within the entries beginning with μειλίχ-ἠ)

Minianus - (Latin) name of Zeus, from his statues being painted, on festival days, with (minium) vermilion.  (CM*p.13)

Miragætis (Moiragetes; Gr. Μοιραγέτης, ΜΟΙΡΑΓΈΤΗΣ) name of Zeus, as conductor or ruler of the Fates.  (CM*p.13)
- guide of fate
, of Zeus, as presiding over the Μοῖραι, IG12.80.12, Paus. 5.15.5, 8.37.1; of Apollo, Id.10.24.4; δαίμονες μ. Alciphr.1.20, cf. Iamb. Myst.8.8; πολέων μ. A.R.1.1127 (pl.).  (L&S p. 1141, left column, within the entries beginning B.  Μοῖρα)

Mitíæta - (metieta; Gr. μητίετα, ΜΗΤΙΕΤΑ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: μητίετα [], , Ep. for μητιέτης, counsellor, freq. in Hom., as epith. of Ζεύς, all-wise, Il.1.175, al. [μητιετᾰ, though in Hom. ᾱ always by position; later μητιέτης; acc. μητιέτην, of a man.] (L&S p. 1130, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Moiragetes - See Miragætis.

Molossus - name of Zeus, his name at Molossus, in Epirus.  (CM*p.13)

Morius - (Gr.) name of Zeus, as protector of the mulberry tree, which was sacred to Athena.  (CM*p.13)

Muscarius - (Latin) name of Zeus, from (musca) a fly, corresponding with the Greek Apomyios, alluding to his having driven away flies, which incommoded Herakles during a sacrifice.  (CM*p.13)

Mycalean - name of Zeus at Mycale, in Asia Minor.  (CM*p.13)

Myiodes - (Gr.) name of Zeus, identical with the name Apomyios, alluding to his having driven away flies, which incommoded Herakles during a sacrifice.  (CM*p.13)

Næphæliyærǽta - (nephelegereta; Gr. νεφεληγερέτα, ΝΕΦΕΛΗΓΕΡΕΤΑ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: νεφεληγερέτᾰ, Ep. for -της, , (ἀγείρω) used by Hom. only in nom. and in gen. νεφεληγερέταο, cloud-gatherer, of Zeus, Il.1.511, al.; acc., ἀέρα νεφεληγερέτην. (L&S p. 1171, right column, edited for simplicity.)
- Autenrieth: νεφεληγερέτα nom., (ἀγείρω), Ζεύς, Zeus, the cloud-compeller, cloud-gatherer. (Autenrieth p. 218, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Nemæus - name of Zeus at Nemæa, in Arcadia  (CM*p.13).

Nemetor - (Gr.) Zeus the Avenger.  (See Iliad ii.955.)  (CM*p.13)

Nephelegereta - See Næphæliyærǽta.

Nicæus - (Gr.) Zeus the Victorious.  (CM*p.13) 

Nicephorus - (Gr.) Zeus, who carries victory.  (CM*p.13)

Nilus - name of Zeus, from the Nile.  (CM*p.13)

Nomius - name of Zeus, as presiding over laws.  (CM*p.13)

Ogoa - name of Zeus at Mylassa, a town of Caria.  (CM*p.13)

Olympius - the name of Zeus at Olympia.  It was under this character that the Athenians paid him the highest honors.  (CM*p.14)

Omvrimóthymos - (ombrimothymos; Gr. ὀμβριμόθυμος, ΟΜΒΡΙΜΟΘΥΜΟΣ = ὀβρῐμόθῡμος.) In Orphic hymn 15.6, Zefs is called omvrimóthymosdoughtyindomitable.
Lexicon entry: ὀβρῐμόθῡμοςονstrong of spirit: written ὀμβριμόθυμοςOrph.Fr.169.12. (L&S p. 1196, right column near the top of the page within the entries beginning with ὀβριμόγυιος from the left column.)

Opiter - name of Zeus, from the Latin opitulor, to help.  (CM*p.14)

Opitulus - name of Zeus, from the Latin opitulor, to help.  (CM*p.14)

Opitulator - name of Zeus, from the Latin opitulor, to help.  (CM*p.14)

Optimus Maximus - (Latin) name of Zeus, as being the best and greatest; the epithet most commonly applied to him  by the Romans.  (CM*p.14)

Osaga - name of Zeus.  (CM*p.14)

Osogus - name of Zeus at Mylassa, a town of Caria.  (CM*p.14)

Palæstes - (Gr.) name of Zeus, the wrestler; he having once wrestled with Herakles.  (CM*p.14)

Pallantinus - name of Zeus at Trapezus in Arcadia.  (CM*p.14)

Panamaros - (Gr. Πᾰνάμᾰρος) title of Zeus in Caria, --also ΠανήμεροςΠανημέριος : hence Παναμάρεια, his festival. (L&S p.1296, left column)

Panarius - name of Zeus, The most common meaning of panarius is bread-seller; it derives from the Latin panis (bread).  When the Romans were besieged in the Capitol by the Gauls, Zeus directed the Romans to throw down bread, that the enemy might suppose them to be well stored with provisions.  See also Pistor.  (CM*p.14)

Pancrates - See Pangkratís.

Pangkratís - (pancrates; Gr. παγκρατής, ΠΑΓΚΡΑΤΗΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: παγκρᾰτής, ές, (κράτος) all-powerful, epith. of Zeus; also of Μοῖρα; of Hera; of Apollo; of Athena. (L&S p. 1284, right column, within the entries beginning with παγκρατευτής, edited for simplicity.)

Panhellenius - (Gr.) name of Zeus as being the protector of all Greece, by extension in modern times, one could view him as the protector of all those who worship the Gods.  (CM*p.14)

Panomphaios - (panomphæus; Gr. Πανομφαῖος, ΠΑΝΟΜΦΑΙΟΣ) (see Iliad viii.286-7 Fagles; viii.250 in in Murray and Lattimore.) a word signifying that Zeus was the source of every voice or oracle upon earth; or, that the rest of the globe derived their prophetic skill from him.  (CM*p.14)

sender of ominous voices, author of divination, Ζεύς Il.8.250, Simon.144, Orph.A.660; Ἠέλιος Q.S.5.626; Ἥρα πανομφαία EM768.53. (L&S p. 1298 right column)
- [παν-, πᾶς + ὀμϕή].  From whom proceed all omens by voices or sounds: Ζηνί Θ 250.  (LHD p. 310, right column)

Panoptes - (Gr.) name of Zeus meaning all-seeing.  (CM*p.14)

Pantotináktis - (pantotinactes; Gr. παντοτινάκτης, ΠΑΝΤΟΤΙΝΑΚΤΗΣ) Lexicon entry: παντοτῐνάκτης, ου, , All-Shaker, epith. of Zeus, Orph.H.15.8. (L&S p. 1301, left column)

Papæus - name for Zeus among the Scythians.  (CM*p.14)

Parnethius - name of Zeus on Mount Parnes, in Attica.  (CM*p.14)

Pasiánax - (Gr. Πασιάναξ, ΠΑΣΙΑΝΑΞ) Lexicon entry: πᾱσῐάναξ [ᾰν], ακτος, , universal king, Ζεύς Orac. ap. Phleg.1.6 J. : applied to the ruler of the dead, and hence to the dead. (L&S p. 1346, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Pater (Latin) - See Patír.

Patír - (Gr. Πατήρ, ΠΑΤΗΡ) = Patrius or Patróös (adj.)Patír is an ancient epithet meaning father, such as Apóllohn Patír or Zefs Patír.
πᾰτήρ, ὁ, gen. and dat. πατέρος, πατέρι in Ep. and Lyr., Att. πατρός, πατρί (which is also the commoner form in Hom., Hes., and Pi.) ; acc. always πατέρα ; voc. πάτερ : pl. πατέρες, πατέρας, πατέρων πατρῶν only Od.4.6878.245) ; dat. πατράσι [ᾰ] (cf. Skt. loc. pl. pitṛ[snull ]u, no dat. pl. occurs in Hom. or Hes.), late Ep. πατέρεσσι Q.S.10.40 : — father... II. esp. as epith. of Zeus, πατὴρ Ζεύς, π. Κρονίδης, π. ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τεIl.4.23521.5081.544, al. ; Ζεὺς πA.Th. 512, etc. ; Ζεῦ πάτερ καὶ θεοί Ar.Ach.225 ; π. Οὐρανιδᾶν ΖPi.P.4.194 ;ὁ τῶν ἁπάντων Ζεὺς π. 'ολύμπιος S.Tr.275, etc. (L&S p.1348, left column)

Pelasgicus - (Iliad xvi.385.) name of Zeus at Dodona, where the oracle is said by some to have been founded by the Plasgians.  (CM*p.14)

Pelorius - name of Zeus, from Pelorus, a stranger, who, during the celebration of a Thessalian festival (from him subsequently termed Peloria) in honor of Zeus, communicated the intelligence that the mountains of Tempe had been separated by an earthquake, and that the waters of the lake, which had hitherto been stagnant, had found a passage into the Alpheus, and left behind a beautiful and extensive plain.  (CM*p.14)

Peninus - according to some, a name of Zeus among the Gauls.  (CM*p.14)

Pentapylon - (Gr.) Jupiter Arbitrator at Rome, where he had a temple in the five gates.  (CM*p.14)

Phanaios or Phanæus - (Gr. Φᾰναῖος, ΦΑΝΑΙΟΣ)  surname of Zefs (Zeus) and Apollo.  φναος, α, ον, (φανή) giving or bringing light, of Zeus, E.Rh.355 (lyr.); of Apollo, in Chios, Achae.35. (L&S p. 1914)

Phegoneus - (Gr.) a name of Zeus, so called from presiding over the beech or oak groves of Dodona.  (CM*p.14)

Philius - (Gr.) name of Zeus implying his protection of friends.  (CM*p.14)

Phratreus - (Gr.) name of Zeus, as presiding over the wards of Athens.  (CM*p.14)

Physicus - (Gr.) name of Zeus, as presiding over nature.  (CM*p.14)

Phytálios - (phytalius; Gr. φυτάλιος, ΦΥΤΑΛΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: φῠτάλιος [], ον, = sq., θεοί; of Poseidon; Ζεύς (ed. the PlanterOrph.H.15.9 [ metri gr.]. (L&S p. 1965, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Phytalmius - (Gr.) name of Zeus, expressive of his being the fertilizer of nature.  (CM*p.14)

Phyxius - (Gr.) name of Zeus, expressive of his being the tutelary deity of fugitives.  (CM*p.14)

Pisæus - name of Zeus at Pisa, in Elis.  (CM*p.14)

Pistius, Pistios - (Gr. Πίστιος Ζεύς = Latin: Juppiter Fidius) name of Zeus, expressive of his presiding over faith.  (CM*p.14)  See Fidius.

Pistor - (Latin) name of Zeus from the word meaning baker.  When the Romans were besieged in the Capitol by the Gauls, Zeus directed the Romans to throw down loaves, that the enemy might suppose them to be well stored with provisions.  (CM*p.14)

Pixius - name of Zeus, ratifying oaths or laws.  (CM*p.14)

Ploutodótis (Gr. Πλουτοδότης, ΠΛΟΥΤΟΔΟΤΗΣ) Zefs Ploutodótis is Zefs, the giver of riches. This is also an epithet of Diónysos.

Plusius - (Gr.) Zeus the Rich, he who bestows riches.  (CM*p.14)

Pluvius - (Latin) name of Zeus, as being the God of (pluvia) rain.  (CM*p.14)

Polieus - Zeus the Protector of the City, a name by which he was invoked in the festival of Diipoleia.  (CM*p.14)

Poliuchus - Zeus the Protector of the City, a name by which he was invoked in the festival of Diipoleia.  (CM*p.14)

Polytímitos - (polytimetus; Gr. πολυτίμητος, ΠΟΛΥΤΙΜΗΤΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 15.1, Zefs is called polytímitos, the highly honored one.
- Lexicon entry: πολῠτῑμητος, Dor. -τίμᾱτος, ον, also η, ον:— highly honoured, freq. used in addressing a divinity, Ἀφροδίτη; ὦ πολυτίμη θ' Ἠράκλεις; ὦ π. θεοί. (L&S 1444, right column, within the entries beginning with πολυτιμητίζω, edited for simplicity.)

Pontogenethlos - See Pantoyǽnæthlos.

Pantoyǽnæthlos - (pantogenethlos; Gr. παντογένεθλος, ΠΑΝΤΟΓΕΝΕΘΛΟΣ) Lexicon entry: παντογένεθλος, ον, all-generating, father of all, Ζεύς Orph.H.15.7.

Prædator - (Latin) name of Zeus, from his receiving a share in all (præda) booty.  (CM*p.14)

Præstes - (Latin) Zeus the Chief.  (CM*p.14)

Prodigialis - (Latin) name under which Zeus was invoked by nations and individuals when under the dread occasioned by prodigies; a symptom, among pagans, of the wrath of the Gods.  (CM*p.15)

Pulverulentus - (Latin) word meaning dusty, the name of a statue of Zeus in an unroofed temple at Megara. (See Conius)  (CM*p.15)

Pyrphóros - (Gr. Πυρφόρος, ΠΥΡΦΟΡΟΣ) epith. of several divinities, as of Zeus in reference to his lightnings, of Demeter, prob. in reference to the torches used by her worshippers; similarly of Demeter and Persephone; of Eros. 2.  bearer of sacred fire in the worship of Asclepius; of the Syrian Goddess. (L&S, edited for simplicity)

Quirinus - name of Zeus, his name among the Romans.  (CM*p.15)

Regnator - a name of Zeus, king, sovereign.  (CM*p.15)

Rex - a name of Zeus, kingsovereign.  (CM*p.15)

Ruminus - (Latin) Zeus the Nourisher of All Things.  (CM*p.15)

Sabazios, Sabazius - (Gr. Σαβἀζιος, ΣΑΒἈΖΙΟΣ) the name of Zeus among the Sabæ, a people of Thrace. (CM*p.15)
- I
n the Orphic hymn, Sabazios is called 
the son of Kronos (Zeus): "Hear me, father Sabazios, son of Kronos, illustrious God.  You sewed into your thigh Bacchic Dionysos,..." (Orphic Hymn 48. To Sabazios, translated by Apostolos N. Athanassakis, The Orphic Hymns, 1977; found in the 1988 Scholars Press edition on p.65)
- Also a name of Dionysos: 
Σᾰβάζιος
, ὁ, (Σαβός) a Phrygian deity, whose Mysteries resembled the τελεταί of Dionysus; hence afterwards taken as a name of Dionysus himself.  
 II. Adj. Σᾰβάζιος, α, ον, Bacchic. (L&S p.1579, left column)

Salaminius - name of Zeus at Salamis, in Cyprus.  (CM*p.15)

Salutaris - (Latin) name of Zeus, as being the giver of (salus) health and safety.  (CM*p.15)

Sancus -  name of Zeus, he who ratifies oaths or laws.  His name among the Sabines.  (CM*p.15)

Sanctus -  name of Zeus, he who ratifies oaths or laws.  His name among the Sabines.  (CM*p.15)

Sangus -  name of Zeus, he who ratifies oaths or laws.  His name among the Sabines.  (CM*p.15)

Saotas - Zeus the Preserver.  (CM*p.15)

Sator - (Latin) Zeus, father of the universe.  (CM*p.15)

Saturnigena - (Gr.) Zeus the son of Saturn.  (See Iliad i.714.)  (CM*p.15)

Saturnius - (Latin) Zeus the son of Saturn.  (See Iliad i.714.)  (CM*p.15)

Scotios - (Gr.) name of Zeus meaning obscure or mysterious, a name under which he was worshipped near Sparta.  (CM*p.15)

Secretus - (Latin) name of Zeus meaning apart or separate from the Gods in general.  (CM*p.15)

Seisichthon - See Seisíkhthohn.

Seisíkhthohn - (seisichthon; Gr. σεισίχθων, ΣΕΙΣΙΧΘΩΝ) Lexicon entry: σεισίχθων, ονος, , earth-shaker, epith. of Poseidon, cf. ἐνοσίχθων; of Zeus, Orph.H.15.8. (L&S p. 1589, left column.)

Selamanes - name of Zeus on an inscription found about 1733 near Aleppo in Syria.  (CM*p.15)

Sellasian - name of Zeus, probably from Sellasia, a town of Laconia: some suppose that this epithet is the same with Hellanian, or the Grecian Jupiter.  (CM*p.15) 

Serenus - (Latin) name of Zeus (ed. the Latin word serenus means clear, bright, calm, serene).  (CM*p.15)

Servator - (Latin) Zeus the Preserver.  (CM*p.15)

Skiptoukhos - (sceptuchus; Gr. σκηπτοῦχος, ΣΚΗΠΤΟΥΧΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 15.6, Zefs is called skiptoukhos, he who bears the scepter, for his scepter is the symbol of his power.
- Lexicon entry: σκηπτοῦχος, Dor. σκαπτ-, ον, (σκῆπτον, ἔχω) bearing a staff, baton, or sceptre as the badge of command, σ. βασιλεύς a sceptred king: c. gen., θεῶν σ., of Aphrodite, Orph.H.55.11; [Ἄρης] ἠνορέης σ. h.Mart.6. (L&S p. 1609, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Sohtír - (soter; Gr. σωτήρ, ΣΩΤΗΡ) Lexicon entry: σωτήρ, ῆρος, , voc. σῶτερ: poet. σᾰωτήρ saviour, deliverer. 2. epith. of Ζεύς; to whom persons after a safe voyage offered sacrifice; to Ζεὺς Σωτήρ the third cup of wine was dedicated; to drink this cup became a symbol of good luck, and the third time came to mean the lucky time; and Zeus was himself called τρίτος σb. epith. of other Gods, as of Apollo; of Hermes; of Asclepios; of the Dioscuri; even with fem. deities, Τύχη σωτήρ, for σώτειρα: generally, of guardian or tutelary Gods. (L&S p. 1751, left column, edited for simplicity.)
Zeus the Preserver: a chapel was dedicated to him at Athens under this name.  A festival was observed, at Sicyon, to Zeus Soter, on the fifth of the month Anthesterion; that city having been, on that day delivered by Aratus from the Macedonians tyranny.  (CM*p.15)

Sosipolis - (Gr.) name of Zeus invoked as defender of towns.  (CM*p.15)

Soter - See Sohtír.

Sponsor - (Latin) name of Zeus, name of Zeus, from a word implying surety.  (CM*p.15)

Stabilitor - (Latin) Roman name of Zeus, as being the supporter of the world.  (CM*p.15)

Stator - (Latin) a name given to Jupiter by Romulus, for having (sisto, I stop) stopped the flight of the Romans in a battle against the Sabines.  (CM*p.15)

Steropegeretes - (Gr.) name of Zeus (see Fulgurator, under these names.)  (CM*p.15)

Sthenius - (Gr.) Zeus the Mighty.  (CM*p.15)

Stratius - (Gr.) name of Zeus, the warlike, from a word signifying an army.  (CM*p.15)

Summus - (Latin) name of Zeus, chief or supreme.  (CM*p.15)

Syllanian name of Zeus, probably from Sellasia, a town of Laconia: some suppose that this epithet is the same with Hellanian, or the Grecian Jupiter.  (CM*p.15)

Synǽstios - (synestius; Gr. συνέστιος, ΣΥΝΕΣΤΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: συνέστῐοςονsharing one's hearth or house2. epith. of Zeus, guardian of the hearthσ. θεοί sharing the same hearth, i.e. temple. (L&S p. 1712, right column, within the entries beginning with συνεστιάω, edited for simplicity.)  

Syrius - name of Zeus in one of the temples of the Syrian Goddess Astarte.  (CM*p.15)

Tælæstheis Dïí - (Telestheis Dei; Gr. Τελεσθεὶς Διὶ, ΤΕΛΕΣΘΕΙΣ ΔΙΙTælæstheis Dïí is an epithet of Zefs meaning he who brings things to perfection and completion. (L&S p. 1770, right column)

Taranis - Zeus the Thunderer, one of his names among the Gauls.  Human victims were sacrificed on his altars.  (CM*p.15)

Tarpeius - name of Zeus, from his temple on the Tarpeian rock.  (CM*p.15)

Tarsus - name of Zeus, his name at Tarsus, in Cilicia.  (CM*p.15)

Teleius - (Gr.) Zeus the Perfect.  (CM*p.15)

Telestheis Dei - See Tælæstheis Dïí.

Terminalis - (Latin) name of Zeus, from his presiding over the (terminus) boundaries of land, previously to the introduction of the worship of the God Terminus.  (CM*p.15)

Tessa - name of Zeus among the Sarmatians.  (CM*p.15)

Thæmístios - (Themistius; Gr. Θεμίστιος, ΘΕΜΙΣΤΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: θεμίστιος, , patron of right, of Zeus, Plu.2.1065e. (L&S p. 789, right column, within the entries beginning with θεμιστεία, edited for simplicity.)

Tharsus - name of Zeus at Tarsus, in Cilicia.  (CM*p.15)

Themistius - See Thæmístios.

Theos - See Dios.

Thoramis - one of the names of Zeus among the ancient Britons.  (CM*p.15)

Tin, Tinia, Tina - Etruscan names for Zefs.

Tina, Tin, Tinia - Etruscan names for Zefs.

Tinia, Tina, Tin - Etruscan names for Zefs.

Troillus - (Latin) name of Zeus, as being the supporter of the world.  (CM*p.15)

Tonans - (Latin) Zeus the Thunderer.  (CM*p.16)

Tonitrualis - (Latin) Zeus the Thunderer.  (CM*p.16) 

Trioculus - (Latin) Zeus the Three-Eyed, in allusion to his surveying heaven, earth, and the sea.  (CM*p.16) 

Triphthalmus - (Gr.)  Zeus the Three-Eyed, in allusion to his surveying heaven, earth, and the sea.  (CM*p.16) 

Tropæuchus - (Gr.) name of Zeus, expressive of his presiding over trophies.  (CM*p.16)

Tropæus - (Gr.) name of Zeus alluding to his ability to turn enemies to flight.  (CM*p.16)

Trophonius - Trophonius, celebrated for his oracle at Lebadea in Bœotia, was worshipped, after death, by the name Jupiter Trophonius.  (CM*p.16)

Tryphiolius - the name of Zeus at a temple in Elis.  (CM*p.16)

Ultor - (Latin) name of Zeus, as being the (ultor) avenger of crimes.  (CM*p.16)

Uranius - (Gr.) Zeus the Heavenly.  (CM*p.16)

Uranus - the name of Zeus among the Persians.  (CM*p.16)

Urius - (Gr.) name of Zeus, from sending propitious winds.  (CM*p.16)

Valens - (Latin) Zeus the Strong.  (CM*p.16)

Varýktypos - (baructupos; Gr. βαρύκτυπος, ΒΑΡΥΚΤΥΠΟΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: βᾰρῠκτῠπος, ον, heavy-sounding, loud-thundering, epith. of Zeus; of Poseidon; also of the sea. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Vasiléfs - (basileus; Gr. βασιλεύς, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ. Noun nom. singular.) In Orphic hymn 15.3, Zefs is called vasiléfs, king, for he is the king and father of Gods and men, indeed, he is the king and father of everything.
- Lexicon entry: 
βᾰσῐλεύς, , gen. έως: acc. βασιλέα, contr. -: nom. pl. βασιλεῖς, Aeol. ηες: acc. pl. βασιλέας, later βασιλεῖς:— king, chief: freq. with collat. sense of captain or judgeΘεῖοι Od.4.691, etc.; later, hereditary king, opp. τύραννος; but also of tyrants, as Hiero. b. of the Gods, Ζεὺς θεῶν β. Hes.Th.886. (L&S p. 309, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Vedius - name of Zeus, Little Jove, represented without thunder, but with short spears.  (CM*p.16)

Vejovis - name of Zeus, Little Jove, represented without thunder, but with short spears.  (CM*p.16)

Vejupiter - name of Zeus, Little Jove, represented without thunder, but with short spears.  (CM*p.16)

Victor - (Latin) Zeus the Conqueror.  (CM*p.16)

Viminalis - name of Zeus, from his temple on Mount Viminalis.  (CM*p.16)

Voulaios - (Bulaeus; Gr. βουλαῖος, ΒΟΥΛΑΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: βουλαῖοςαον, (βουλή)
of the council, epith. of certain Gods as having statues in the Council Chamber τὴν Ἑστίαν ἐπώμοσε τὴν β. Aeschin.2.45; of Zeus and Athena; of Artemis; Themis. (L&S p. 324, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Vrontaios - (Brontaeus; Gr. βρονταῖος, ΒΡΟΝΤΑΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: βρονταῖος, α, ον, thundering, Ζεύς Orph.H.15.9. (L&S p. 330, right column, within the entries beginning with βρονταγωγός, edited for simplicity.)

Xǽnios - (Gr. Ξένιος, ΞΕΝΙΟΣ) name of Zefs, presiding over hospitality. (CM*p.16)
- ξένιος, belonging to friendship and hospitality, hospitable, Ζεὺς ξ. as protector of the rights of hospitality. 2. Ξείνια friendly gifts, given to the guest by his host. II. foreign. (L&S) The epithet Xǽnios comes from the word xǽnos (Gr. ξένος), which means "stranger," so Zefs is the God who protects strangers.

Xenios or Xenius - See Xǽnios.


Ypærphærǽtis - (Hyperpheretes; Gr. Ὑπερφερέτης, ΥΠΕΡΦΕΡΕΤΗΣ) Lexicon entry: ὑπερφερέτης, ου, the supreme one: in D.H.2.34, = Lat. Jupiter Feretrius.

Ýpatos - (Gr. Ὕπατος, ὝΠΑΤΟΣ) Zeus the Supreme; Kǽkrops (Cecrops; Gr. Κέκροψ), king of Athens, dedicated a temple to him under this name. (CM*p.12)
- Lexicon entry: ὕπᾰτος, η, ον, also ος, ον (v. infr. 111.1) highest, uppermost, in Hom. as epith. of Zeus, ὕπατε κρειόντων Od.1.45; θεῶν ὕπατος Il. 19.258, al.; θεοὶ ὕπατοι the Gods above, opp. οἱ χθόνιοι. (L&S p. 1854, left column, edited for simplicity.)
- Homer Ἰλιάς 8.31, 19.258, both indicating the status of Zeus being the highest amongst the Gods.

Ypsízygos - (Upsizygos; Gr. Ὑψίζυγος, ΥΨΙΖΥΓΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ὑψῐζῠγος, ον, prop. of a rower, sitting high on the benches: metaph. of Zeus, high-throned. (L&S)

Zan - (Gr. Ζάν, ΖΑΝ) name of Zeus, the origin and preserver of life. (CM*p.16)

- Lexicon entry: Ζάν, Ζανός, , Dor. and Ion. for Ζήν, Ζηνός, v. Ζεύς. (L&S)

Zas - (Gr. Ζὰς, ΖᾺΣ) Zas = Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) Zas is the spelling used by the philosopher Phærækýdis (Pherecydes; Gr. Φερεκύδης) of Syros (Gr. Σύρος) in his Kozmogonía (Cosmogony; Gr. Κοσμογονία) to represent Zefs. In this (mostly lost) kozmogony (according to Damáskios [Damascius; Gr. Δαμάσκιος] First Principles 124b [and many other sources concerning Phærækýdis]), Zas is one of three primordial divine principles, the other two being Khthoní (Chthonie = Earth; Gr. Χθονί) and Khrónos (Chronos = Time; Gr. Χρόνος). According to Irohdianós (Herodian; Gr. Ἡρωδιανός) (Περὶ μονήρους λέξεως 6, 14-16, or at least this text implies such), Phærækýdis used other names for Zefs including Dis (Gr. Δὶς), Zin (Zen; Gr. Ζὴν), Din (Den; Gr. Δὴν), and Zis (Zes; Gr. Ζὴς).  

Zef - (Zeu; Gr. Ζεῦ, ΖΕΥ) Ζεῦ is the vocative indeclinable form of Ζεύς.

ZEFS - (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς, ΖΕΎΣ; Cf. ζεῦξις zeuxis, "to yoke, as in yoking oxen;" Cf. Διός Dios) A note on the pronunciation of the name of this God: the diphthong ευ, when found before a consonant, is pronounced like the English "ĕf."
- Ζεύς, , nom., once written Ζηύς; Boeot. Δεύς (q.v.); voc. Ζεῦ ; gen. Διϝός, Διός; dat. Διϝί, Διί ; late Δεΐ ; acc. Δία, rarer than Διός, Διί in Hom. (cf. Skt.dyaús, gen. divás, loc. diví 'sky', 'heaven', 'day', loc. also dyávi,= Lat. Jove, acc. dyā´m,= Lat. diem,= Gr. Ζῆν [v. infr.]): also nom. Ζήν; gen. dat. acc. Ζηνός, Ζηνί, Ζῆνα, freq. in Trag. (Com. only in Trag. phrases); Coan Ζηνί ; acc. Ζῆν Il.8.206, 14.265, Hes.Th.884, at end of verse, before vowel in next verse; Cret. Ττηνός, Ττηνί, Τῆνα, Τηνί, Δῆνα ; nom. Δήν:—Dor. and Att.-Ion. forms with α (of doubtful origin), nom. Ζάν Pythag.; gen. Ζανός ; Ζανός and Ζανί; acc. Ζᾶνα Call. Fr. ; nom. Ζάς Pherecyd. (Ζής), Ζάς Ζαντός in Theod.1.116; Δάν (q. v.); Τάν (Crete); nom. Δίς:—obl. cases Ζεός, Ζεΐ, Ζέα; Ζεῦν f.l. for Ζῆν' : the pl. Δίες, Δίας, Διῶν, Δισί;τοὺς κτησίους Δίας; Δίες καὶ Ζῆνες Stoic.2.191; Elean Ζᾶνες Paus.5.21.2:— Zeus, the Sky-God. II. of other deities, Ζ. καταχθόνιος,= Πλούτων; Ζ. χθόνιος; of non-Greek divinities, Ζ. Ἄμμων; freq. of Semitic Baalim, Z. Βεελβώσωρος, etc.; Z. Ὠρομάσδης,= Pers. Ahuramazda. III. of persons, ὁ σχινοκέφαλος Z., iron. of Pericles; in flattery of kings, Hdt.7.56 (of Xerxes); of the Roman emperors. IV. Διὸς ἀστήρ the planet Jupiter; Διὸς ἡμέρα a day of the week. V. Pythag. name for the monad. (L&S p. 754, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Zen - See Zas.

Zenogonos - (Gr.) name of Zeus, the origin and preserver of life.  (CM*p.16)

Zes - See Zas.

Zeumichius - the Jupiter machinist of the Phœnicians.  (CM*p.16)

Zeumuchius - the Jupiter machinist of the Phœnicians  (CM*p.16)

Zeus - See ZEFS.

Zeuxippus - (Gr.) Zeus, yoker of horses, charioteer, a name under which he was worshipped at Byzantium.  (CM*p.16)

Zin - See Zas.

Zis - See Zas.

Zoogonos - (Gr.) name of Zeus, the origin and preserver of life.  (CM*p.16)


See also:  Zeus 


ABBREVIATIONS can be found on this page: GLOSSARY HOME.


The logo to the left is the principle symbol of this website.  It is called the CESS logo, the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky.  The Petelia and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (Hera-Earth) and the Sky (Zeus-Æther) are the two Cosmogonic substances.  The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the Actions of the Olympian Gods on the soul.  In front of these symbols is a kithara, the lyre of Apollo.  It represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orpheus.



PLEASE NOTE:  Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods.  These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes.  While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally.  A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result.  The meaning of the myths is concealed in code.  To understand them requires a key.  For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level.  Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

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