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APHRODÍTI: THE EPITHETS

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EPITHETS OF APHRODÍTI
(
Abbreviations may be found on this page: Glossary Home Page)

This extensive list of titles of the Goddess Aphrodíti (Aphrodite; Gr. Ἀφροδίτη) includes all of the epithets found in Orphic Hymn 55 and many, many more gathered from numerous sources. The transliteration method used in this list is Reuchlinian and unique to this website where the emphasis is primarily on pronunciation, but to avoid confusion there are separate entries using the more familiar Erasmian spellings found in English and American universities. 

Ælikovlǽpharos - (Elikoblepharus; Gr. Ἑλικοβλέφαρος, ΕΛΙΚΟΒΛΕΦΑΡΟΣ) Ælikovlǽpharos means literally, of the fluttering eyelids, i.e. coquettish, an epithet of Aphrodíti(Ἡσίοδος Θεογονία 16)

Æratoplókamos - (eratoplocamus; Gr. ἐρατοπλόκαμος, ΕΡΑΤΟΠΛΟΚΑΜΟΣ) In Orphic hymn 55.10, Aphrodíti is calledæratoplókamoshaving lovely locks of hair.
- Lexicon entry: ἐρᾰτοπλόκᾰμοςον, = ἐρασιπλόκαμος, Orph.H.44.2 (ed. to Σεμέλη). (L&S p. 681, left column, within the entries beginning with 
ἐρατογλέφαρος.) Lexicon entry: ἐρᾰσιπλόκᾰμοςονdecked with love-locks. (L&S p. 680, right column, within the entries beginning with ἐρασίμολπος, edited for simplicity.)

Ærohtotróphos - (erototrophus; Gr. Ἐρωτοτρόφος, ΕΡΩΤΟΤΡΟΦΟΣ) Ærohtotróphos is the nurse or mother of love, i.e. Aphrodite, Orph.A.478, cf. 868. (L&S p. 696, left column, within the entries beginning with ἐρωτογράφος)

Anadyomǽni - (anadyomene; Gr. αναδυομένη, ΑΝΑΔΥΟΜΕΝΗ) Anadyomǽni is an epithet of Aphrodíti fromἀναδύομαιto rise from the sea.

Ánassa - (Gr. ἄνασσα, ΑΝΑΣΣΑ) Aphrodíti is ánassaqueen. (Orphic hymn 55.24)
- Lexicon entry: ἄνασσα (ϝάνασσα), , fem. of ἄναξqueenlady, addressed to Goddesses; esp. in Att. to Athena. (L&S p. 121, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Aphrogenia - See Aphroyǽneia.

Aphroyǽneia - (Aphrogenia; Gr. Ἀφρογένεια, ΑΦΡΟΓΕΝΕΙΑ) According to the Thæogonía (Theogony; Gr. Θεογονία) of Isíodos (Hesiod; Gr. Ἡσίοδος), Aphrodíti was born of the semen from the genitals of Ouranόs (Uranus; Gr. Οὐρανός), cut off by Krόnos (Cronus; Gr. Κρόνος) and cast into the sea. She is called Aphroyǽneia, the foam-born Aphrodíti.
- Lexicon entry: foam-born, Aphrodite; the planet Venus. (L&S p. 293, within the entries beginning with 
ἀφρόγᾰλα, edited for simplicity.)

Basileia - See Vasíleia.

Biodotis - See Viodóhtis.

Callipygos - See Kallípygos.

Charidotes - See Kharidóhtis.

Courotrophus - See Kourotróphos.

Cypris - See Kýpris.

Cyprogenes - See Kyproyænǽs.

Éfkarpos - (Eucarpos; Gr. Εὔκαρπος, ΕΥΚΑΡΠΟΣ) fruitful, of women; of sheep. II. Act., fruitful, fertilizing; epith. of Aphrodite; of Dionysus; of Demeter.  (L&S p. 717; right column, within the definitions beginning with the word εὐκάρπἑια, edited for simplicity.)

Efpatǽreia - (eupatereia; Gr. εὐπατέρεια, ΕΥΠΑΤΕΡΕΙΑ. Noun.) In Orphic hymn 55.10, Aphrodíti is called efpatǽreiadaughter of a noble father.
- Lexicon entry: εὐπᾰτέρεια, (πατήρ) daughter of a noble sire, epith. of Helen, Il. 6.292, Od.22.227; of Tyro. 
(L&S p. 726, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Efstǽphanos - (eustephanus; Gr. εὐστέφανος, ΕΥΣΤΕΦΑΝΟΣ) Lexicon entry: εὐστέφᾰνος, Ep. ἐϋστ-, ον, epith. of Artemis; of Aphrodite; of Demeter; (expld. by Sch.as well-girdled, = εὔζωνος). 2. εὐ. θεῶν θυσίαι graced with beauteous garlandsλειμῶνες εὐcrowned with flowersII. of cities, crownedcircled with walls and towers. (L&S p. 733, left column, edited for simplicity.)
- Middle Liddell: εὐστέφανος, Ep. ἐϋστ-, ον, well-crowned or well-girdled, Hom., Hes. II. crowned with walls and towers, Od., Pind. (Middle Liddell p. 333, left column)

Elicoblepharus - See Ælikovlǽpharos.

Eratoplocamus - See Æratoplókamos.

Erototrophus - See Ærohtotróphos.

Eucarpos - See Éfkarpos.

Eupatereia - See Efpatǽreia.

Eustephanus - See Efstǽphanos.

Geneteira - See Yænǽteira.

Gennodoteira - See Yænnodóteira.

Kallípygos - (Callipygos; Gr. καλλίπυγος, ΚΑΛΛΙΠΥΓΟΣ) Lexicon entry: καλλῐπῡγοςwith beautiful πυγή (ed. buttocks); epith. of Aphrodite. (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Kharidóhtis - (charidotes; Gr. χαριδώτης, ΧΑΡΙΔΩΤΙΣ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: χᾰρῐδώτηςουjoy-giver, epith. of Hermes; of Dionysus; of Zeus; Dor. χᾰρῐδώτας:—fem. χᾰρῐδῶτιςιδοςOrph.H.55.9 (ed. Aphrodíti).

Kleidoukhos - (Kleidouchos; Gr. Κλείδουχος, ΚΛΕΙΔΟΥΧΟΣ) Kleidoukhos is an epithet meaning she who holds the keys, of Aphrodíti (Aphrodite), of Athiná (Athena), of Ækáti (Hecate).
κλείδουχ-ος, Att. κληδ-, ον, (ἔχω) holding the keys: hence, having charge or custody of a place, Ἔρωτα τᾶς Ἀφροδίτας θαλάμων κλῃδοῦχον E.Hipp.540 (lyr.); of Pallas, tutelary Goddess; of Hecate. II. of the numbers 4 and 10, believed by the Pythag. to be the keys of the order of nature, Theol.Ar.22,60: wrongly called κλαδοῦχοι . (L&S, edited for simplicity.)

Kourotróphos - (Courotrophus; Gr. Κουροτρόφος, ΚΟΥΡΟΤΡΟΦΟΣ) Kourotróphos is an epithet of Ækáti (Hecate),Ártæmis (Artemis), Aphrodíti (Aphrodite), and Apóllohn, meaning nurturer of children.
- Lexicon entry: κουροτρόφοςονrearing children, rare in lit. sense: usu. metaph.πόλλωνος κ., of Delos: freq. as epith. of Goddesses, as Hecate Orphic Hymn 1.8ρτεμις Orphic Hymn 36.8; of the Roman Goddess Rumina; esp. of Aphrodite. (L&S p. 987, left column, within the entries beginning with κουροσύνη, edited for simplicity.) 

Krýphios - (cryphius; Gr. κρύφιος, ΚΡΥΦΙΟΣ. fem./masc. nom. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 55.9, Aphrodíti is described askrýphioshiddenconcealedoccult, or secretive.
Lexicon entry: κρύφιος [], αον, also οςον:—hiddenconcealed2. secretclandestine3. occult. (L&S p. 1000, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Kýpris - (Cypris; Gr. Κύπρις, ΚΥΠΡΙΣ) Aphrodíti is called Kýpris for, as told in the mythology, she was born from the foam which formed when the genitals of Ouranós (Uranus; Gr. Οὐρανός) fell into the sea off the shore of the island of Kýpros (Cyprus; Gr. Κύπρος).
- Lexicon entry: Κύπριςῐδος, acc. Κύπριν and ΚύπριδαIl.5.330, 458:—Cypris, a name of Aphrodite, from the island of Cyprus, Il. ll.cc. (never in Od.) (L&S p. 1012, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Kyproyænǽs - (Cyprogenes; Gr. Κυπρογενὲς, ΚΥΠΡΟΓΕΝΕΣ) In Orphic hymn 55.15, Aphrodíti is called Kyproyænǽs,born in Kýpros (Cyprus; Gr. Κύπρος) for, as told in the mythology, she emerged from the foam which formed when the genitals of Ouranós (Uranus; Gr. Οὐρανός) fell into the sea off the shore of the island.
- Lexicon entry: Κυπρογενὲς = Κυπρογενήςές, (γενέσθαιCyprus-bornK. Κυθέρεια h.Hom.10.1: standing alone, Hes.Th.199 (acc. -γενέα [prob.]):—fem. ΚυπρογένειαΚ. Ἀφροδίτη. (L&S p. 1012, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Lucaina - See Lýkaina.

Lýkaina - (lucaina; Gr. λύκαινα, ΛΥΚΑΙΝΑ. Noun.) In Orphic hymn 55.11, Aphrodíti is described as a lýkaina, a she-wolf.
- Lexicon entry: λύκαινα [], , fem. of λύκοςshe-wolf; of Artemis in Mithraism, Porph.Abst.4.16:—Dim. λυκαίνιοντό, of a woman.

Macaira - See Mákaira.

Mákaira - (macaira; Gr. μάκαιρα, ΜΑΚΑΙΡΑ) Aphrodíti is mákairablessed. (Orphic hymn 55.26)

Mother of the Ǽrohtæs - Aphrodíti is called the mother of the Ǽrohtæs (Erotes; Gr. Ἔρωτες) (Orphic hymn 55.8).

Origin of All - Aphrodíti is called the origin of all (Orphic hymn 55.5).

Ouranía - (Gr. Οὐρανία, ΟΥΡΑΝΙΑ) In Orphic hymn 55.1, Aphrodíti is called Ouraníaof the Sky. She is depicted in the mythology as emerging from the foam which resulted when the genitals of Ouranós (Uranus; Gr. Οὐρανός) fell into the sea and it refers to her mystic ability to harmonize the soul. This in contradistinction to Pándimos (the common or popular) Aphrodíti. Cf. Pándimos.
Lexicon entry: Οὐρᾰνία II. epith. of Aphrodite, opp. Ἀ. Πάνδημος, Pl.Smp.181c, cf. Pi.Fr.122.4, Hdt.1.105. (L&S p. 1272, right column, edited for simplicity.)  

Pandemia - See Pándimos.

Pandemos - See Pándimos.

Pándimos - (Pandemos, Pandemia; Gr. Πάνδημος, ΠΑΝΔΗΜΟΣ) Pándimos Aphrodíti is portrayed in the mythology as emerging from the semen of Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) after it fell into the sea as he attempted to seduce Dióhni (Dione; Gr. Διώνη); this aspect of Aphrodíti expressive of her great power over the affections of all people. It refers to her as having dominion over the physical unions of mortals. This in contradistinction to Ouranía (the heavenly, of the skyAphrodíti. Cf. Ouranía.
- Lexicon entry: πάνδημος, Dor. πάνδᾱμοςον, = πανδήμιοςII. π. Ἔρως vulgar love, opp. οὐράνιος, Pl.Smp.180e sq., cf. X.Smp.8.9; π. Ἀφροδίτη Pl.Smp.181a, etc. (also in pl., Dam.Pr.97 bis)  (L&S p. 1296, right column; within the entries beginning with πανδερκέτης, edited for simplicity.)
- "For we all know that Love (ed. Ǽros or Eros; Gr. Ἔρως) is inseparable from Aphrodite, and if there were only one Aphrodite there would be only one Love; but as there are two Goddesses there must be two Loves. And am I not right in asserting that there are two Goddesses? The elder one, having no mother, who is called the heavenly (ed. Ouránios) Aphrodite---she is the daughter of Uranus (ed. Ouranόs; Gr. Οὐρανός); the younger, who is the daughter of Zeus (ed. Zefs; Gr. Ζεύς) and Dione (ed. Dióhni; Gr. Διώνη)---her we call common (ed. "popular" or "vulgar;" Gr. Πάνδημος); and the Love who is her fellow-worker is rightly named common, as the other love is called heavenly." (Plátohn [Plato; Gr. ΠλάτωνSymposion [Symposium; Gr. Συμπόσιον]180.d-e, speech of Pafsanías [Pausanias; Gr. Παυσανίας ]; trans.: DPI p. 309)

Peithóh - (Peitho; Gr. Πειθώ, ΠΕΙΘΩ. Proper name.) In Orphic hymn 55.9, Aphrodíti is called Peithóh, the Goddess of Persuasion and Seduction.
- Lexicon entry: Πειθώ, gen. όος, contr. οῦς, Ion. acc. πειθοῦν (v. infr. 11.3):—Persuasion as a Goddess. (L&S p. 1354, left column, heavily edited for simplicity.)

Phílandros - (Gr. φίλανδρος, ΦΙΛΑΝΔΡΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 55.12, Aphrodíti is called phílandrosman-loving.
- Lexicon entry: φίλανδροςονloving men. (L&S p. 1931, right column, within the entries beginning with φίλαλμος, edited for simplicity.)

Philommeidís - (philommeides; Gr. φιλομμειδὴς, ΦΙΛΟΜΜΕΙΔΗΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 55.1, Aphrodíti is calledphilommeidíslaughter-loving.
- Lexicon entry: φῐλομμειδήςές, poet. for φιλομειδήςlaughter-loving, epith. of Aphrodite, Od.8.362, Il.3.424, Hes.Th.989: of Dionysus. (L&S p. 1937, right column, within the entries beginning from the left column, edited for simplicity.)

Philopánnykhos - (Gr. φιλοπάννυχος, ΦΙΛΟΠΑΝΝΥΧΟΣ. Adj. Etym. φιλο "friend" + πάννυχος "all night long.") InOrphic hymn 55.2, Aphrodíti is called philopánnykhosfriend of all-night festivity. Rather than referring to religious festivals, this is likely saying that the Goddess is friendly toward seductive liaisons usually occurring long into the evening hours.
- Lexicon entry: φῐλοπάννῠχοςονfriend of all-night festivals, Orph.H.3.5. (L&S p. 1938, left column, within the entries beginning with 
φιλόπαις, edited for simplicity.)

Polyhymnus - See Polýÿmnos.

Polytímitos - (polytimetus; Gr. πολυτίμητος, ΠΟΛΥΤΙΜΗΤΟΣ) Lexicon entry: πολῠτῑμητος, Dor. -τίμᾱτοςον, also ηον:— highly honoured, freq. used in addressing a divinity, Ἀφροδίτηὦ πολυτίμη θ' Ἠράκλειςὦ π. θεοί. (L&S 1444, right column, within the entries beginning with πολυτιμητίζω, edited for simplicity.)

Polýÿmnos - (polyhymnus; Gr. πολύυμνος, ΠΟΛΥΥΜΝΟΣ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 55.1, Aphrodíti is called polýÿmnos, celebrated in many hymns.
- Lexicon entry: πολύυμνοςονabounding in songsmuch sung offamousθεὸς π., of Dionysus. (L&S p. 1445, left column, within the entries starting from the previous page, edited for simplicity.)

Potheinotáti - (potheinotate; Gr. ποθεινοτάτη, ΠΟΘΕΙΝΟΤΑΤΗ. Adj.) In Orphic hymn 55.12, Aphrodíti is described as potheinotátivery much desired.
- Lexicon entry: ποθεινοτάτη is the singular feminine nominative superlative epic form of: ποθεινόςήόν, also όςόν:—shortd. ποθινός (q.v.): (ποθέω):—full of longing; but usu. 2. longed fordesireddesirable. (L&S p. 1427, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Pontogenes - See Pontoyænís.

Pontoyænís - (pontogenes; Gr. ποντογενής, ΠΟΝΤΟΓΕΝΗΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: ποντογενήςές, (γενέσθαιseaborn,Orph.H.55.2, 81.1:—fem. ποντογένεια, poet. ποντοείη, formed like ἀφρογένεια. (L&S p. 1448, right column, within the entries beginning with ποντοβαφής, edited for simplicity.)

Pótnia - (Gr. πότνια, ΠΟΤΝΙΑ. Noun.) Lexicon entry: πότνια, poet. title of honour, used chiefly in addressing females, whether Goddesses or women: as Subst., = δέσποιναmistressqueen (v. sub fin.), πότνια θηρῶν (nom.) queen of wild beasts, of Artemis; τὰν ἐρώτων πότνιαν, of Aphrodite. 2. in pl. of the Eumenides, ὦ πότνιαι δεινῶπες; of Demeter and Kore. 3. as Adj., reveredaugust, in Hom. of Hebe, Enyo, Calypso, Circe; most freq. of Hera; in Hes. of Hera, Tethys, and Peitho; Νίκη; esp. in invocation; μᾶτερ π., addressed to Earth. (L&S p. 1455, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Sæmní - (semne; Gr. σεμνή, ΣΕΜΝΗ. σεμνός is masculine; σεμνή is feminine.) In Orphic hymn 55.2, Aphrodíti isdescribed as sæmníholyexalted.
- Lexicon entry: σεμνόςήόν, (σέβομαιreveredaugustholyI. prop. of Gods, e.g. Demeter; Hecate; Thetis; Apollo; Poseidon; Pallas Athena; at Athens the Erinyes were specially the σεμναὶ θεαί2. of things divine. II. of human or half-human beings, reverendaugust2. of human things, auguststatelymajestic. (L&S p. 1591, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Sceptuchus - See Skiptoukhos.

Skiptoukhos - (sceptuchus; Gr. σκηπτοῦχος, ΣΚΗΠΤΟΥΧΟΣ) Lexicon entry: σκηπτοῦχος, Dor. σκαπτ-, ον, (σκῆπτον,ἔχωbearing a staffbaton, or sceptre as the badge of command, σ. βασιλεύς a sceptred king: c. gen., θεῶν σ., of Aphrodite, Orph.H.55.11. (L&S p. 1609, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Sovereign of the Three-fold Fates - Aphrodíti is called the sovereign of the Three-fold Fates (Orphic hymn 55.5).

Turan - Turan is the Etruscan name for Aphrodíti.

Vasíleia - (Basileia; Gr. βασίλεια, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΑ) Aphrodíti is VasíleiaQueen(Orphic hymn 55.16)

Venus - Venus is the Roman name for Aphrodíti.

Viodóhtis - (biodotis; Gr. βιοδῶτις, ΒΙΟΔΩΤΙΣ) In Orphic hymn 55.12, Aphrodíti is called viodóhtis, the giver of life.
- Lexicon entry: βῐοδώτηςου, = βιοδότης, of Apollo:—fem. βῐοδῶτις, ιδος, Orph.H.29.3. (L&S p. 315, right column, within the entries beginning with βῐογρᾰφία, edited for simplicity.)

Yænnodóteira - (gennodoteira; Gr. γεννοδότειρα, ΓΕΝΝΟΔΟΤΕΙΡΑ) Lexicon entry: γεννοδότειρα, ἡ, the giver of heirs, Ἀφροδίτη Orph.H.55.12. (L&S p. 344, right column.)

Yænǽteira - (geneteira; Gr. γενέτειρα, ΓΕΝΕΤΕΙΡΑ. Noun and adj.) In Orphic hymn 55.2, Aphrodíti is called yænǽteirabirth-giver or mother.
- Slater: γενέτειρα f. adj. birthgiver. (Slater p. 106, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Zéfkteira - (zeukteira; Gr. ζεύκτειρα, ΖΕΥΚΤΕΙΡΑ. Noun. Fem. of ζευκτήρ.) In Orphic hymn 55.3, Aphrodíti is called zéfkteirashe who causes mortals to yoke or couple.
- Lexicon entry: ζεύκτειρα, fem. from sq., of Aphrodite, 
Orph.H.55.3. (L&S p. 754, right column.)

Zerynthian - See Zirynthían.

Zeukteira - See Zéfkteira.

Zirynthían - (Zerynthian; Gr. Ζηρυνθίαν, ΖΗΡΥΝΘΙΑΝ) Zírynthos (Zerynthus; Gr. Ζήρινθος): "a town of Thrace not far from the borders of Aenianes. It contained a cave of Hecate, a temple of Apollo, and another of Aphrodite, which two deities hence derived the epithet of Zerynthian. " (Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography vol. II, pp. 1337-1338)


The story of the birth of the GodsOrphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.



The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The 
Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).




PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.


SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

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