Bronze copy of the Apollo Belvidere with infant Satyr, Foto of the author's garden, who took the picture and who releases it to the Public Domain.


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If you are looking for the main page on Apollohn: APOLLOHN - APOLLO - ἈΠΌΛΛΩΝ


The following short list of epithets comes entirely from Homer and Virgil. It was compiled from a very old book that does not list an author: A Classical Manual, Being a Mythological, Historical, and Geographical Commentary on Pope's Homer, and Dryden's Æneid of Virgil, 1833:

Phoebus,  Iliad. I. 30.

The God who darts around the world his rays,  ibid. 52.

Sminthæus,  ibid. 53.

Source of Light,  ibid. 55.

God of the silver bow,  ibid. 59.

God who rules the day,  ibid. 109.

The darting king,  ibid. 584.

God of Light,  Iliad. IX. 602.

He that gilds the morn,  Iliad. XIII. 1049.

God of every healing art,  Iliad. XVI. 636.

God of health,  Ibid. 649.

The bright far-shooting God,  Iliad. XIX. 458.

Hyperion,  Iliad. XXI. 253.

The God who darts ethereal flame,  ibid. 641.

Minstrel God,  Iliad. XXIV. 81.

Bowyer (ed. archer) God,  Odyssey. VIII. 260.

Thymbræus,  Æneid. III. 114.

Delian God,  ibid. 208.

The laurel's God,   Æneid. VII. 95.

God of archers,  Æneid.  IX. 895.

Ruling power among the Gods.  Æneid. XI. 1154.



- See Avaios.

Acersecomes - See Akærsækómis. 

Acesius - See Akǽsios.

Acræphnius - See Akraiphnios.

Acritas - See Akrítas Apóllohn.

Actius - See Áktios.

Ægletes - See Aiglitis.

Ægyptius - See Aigyptios.

Ækáærgos - (Hecaergus; Gr. Ἑκάεργος, ΕΚΑΕΡΓΟΣ) Apóllohn is Ækáærgos, who works from afar. (Slater p. 160, left column. Orphic Hymn 34.7.) Far-shooting. (Gradus p. 198, left column) The epithet ækáærgos is usually translated as “he who works from afar,” but it is also the Pythagorean word for the number nine (Theol.Ar.58 [L&S]).

Ækivólos - (Hecebolus; Ἑκηβόλος, ΕΚΗΒΟΛΟΣ) Apóllohn is Ækivólos, he who attains his aim (with his arrows). (Orphic Hymn 34.6)

Ælæléfs - (Eleleus; Gr. Ελελεύς, ΕΛΕΛΕΥΣ. From ἐλελελεῦ, a war-cry.) Ælæléfs is a surname of Apóllohn, as uttering a war cry. (CM p. 21)

Æmvásios - (Embasius; Gr. Ἐμβάσιος, ΕΜΒΑΣΙΟΣ) Apóllohn is Æmvásios, he who blesses those who embark on journeys. (Απολλώνιος Ρόδιος Ἀργοναυτικά I.402)

Ænolmos - (Enolmus; Gr. Ἔνολμος, ΕΝΟΛΜΟΣ) a surname of Apóllohnso called from a certain diviner, named Olmos (Holmus; Gr. Ὅλμος); or from a word signifying the table, or seat, on which the Pythia (Gr. Πυθία) leaned or sat.  (CM p.21)
- Lexicon entry: νολμος, ον, (λμος) sitting on the tripod, epith. of Apollo, S.Fr. 1044 (νολμίς Et.Gen.). (L&S p. 571, right column)

Æpikourios (Epikourios or Epicurius; Gr. Ἐπικούριος, ΕΠΙΚΟΥΡΙΟΣ) - an epithet of Apóllohnassistent. (CM p. 21)
- Lexicon entry: 
πικούρ-ιος, ον, succouring, epith. of deities, Paus.8.41.7.  (L&S p. 640; left column, within the entries beginning with ἐπικουρ-έω) (ed. a succour is someone who gives help, who gives aid)

Æpithilios - (Epidelius; Gr. Επιδήλιος, ΕΠΙΔΗΛΙΟΣ)  a surname of Apóllohn from Sparta, expressive of his Delian origin.  (CM p.21)

Æpivatirios - (Epibaterius; Gr. πιβατήριος, ΕΠΙΒΑΤΗΡΙΟΣ) a surname of Apóllohn. Agamæmnohn (Agamemnon; Gr. Ἀγαμέμνων), or Diomithis (Diomed; Gr. Διομήδης), having escaped a dangerous tempest in returning from Tria (Troy; Gr. Τροία), dedicated a temple at Trizin (Trœzene; Gr. Τροιζήν) to Apollohn, under this name. (CM p. 21)
Æpivatirios is an epithet of Apollohn at Korinthos (Corinth; Gr.  Κόρινθος) meaning Seafaring: "Within this enclosure is a temple of Apollo Seafaring, an offering of Diomedes for having weathered the storm that came upon the Greeks as they were returning from Troy."  (Paus. 2.32.2, trans. W.H.S. Jones in Paus. Vol. I, p. 423)

- See also the Glossary entry: Æpivatiria.

Ærázmios - (erasmius; Gr. ἐράσμιος, ΕΡΑΣΜΙΟΣ) 
Apóllohn is Ærázmioslovely, beloved. Orphic Hymn 34.5.

Ǽrsos - (Ersos; Gr. Ἕρσος, ΕΡΣΟΣ) Ǽrsos is an epithet for Apóllohn in Attica, IG12.783 ; perh. (L&S)

Ævdomayænís - (Hebdomagenes; Gr. Ἑβδομᾱγενής, ΕΒΔΟΜΑΓΕΝΗΣ. Etym. ἑβδομάς = seven.) Ævdomayænís means born on the seventh day [of the month], an epithet of Apóllohn, (Plutarch 2.717e) ( L&S p. 466, right column)

We find the explanation of Próklos:

"For he (ed. the Demiurgus) divides the soul into parts, harmonizes the divided parts, and renders them concordant with each other. But in effecting these things, he energizes at one and the same time Dionysiacally [i.e. Bacchically] and Apolloniacally. For to divide, and produce wholes into parts, and to preside over the distribution of forms, is Dionysiacal; but to perfect all things harmonically, is Apolloniacal. As the Demiurgus, therefore, comprehends in himself the cause of both these Gods, he both divides and harmonizes the soul. For the hebdomad (ed. seven) is a number common to both these divinities, since theologists (Orphic) also say that Bacchus was divided into seven parts:

Into seven parts the Titans cut the boy.

Ant they refer the heptad (ed. group of seven) to Apollo, as containing all symphonies. For the duple diapason (ed. a rich outpouring of harmonious song) first subsists in the monad (ed. one), duad (ed. two), and tetrad (ed. four), of which numbers the hebdomad (ed. seven) consists. Hence they call the God Hebdomagetes, or born on the seventh day, and assert that this day is sacred to him." (
Proclus' Commentary on the Timæus of Plato, Diehl pagination: 200C-D, 2,197-198; trans. Thomas Taylor in Vol. II of the same name, 1820; found here in the 2006 Prometheus Trust edition on p. 616.) Cf. Ævdmeios.

Ævdómeios - (Hebdomeios; Gr.  Ἑβδόμἑιος, ΕΒΔΟΜΕΙΟΣ. Etym. ἑβδομάς = seven.)  Ævdómeios is an epithet of Apóllohn, meaning worshipped on the seventh day. (L&S p. 466, right column, as a sub-heading under ἑβδομᾰτικός) Cf. Ævthomayænis.

Aglaótimos - (Aglaotimus; Gr. Ἀγλαότιμος, ΑΓΛΑΟΤΙΜΟΣ) Apóllohn is Aglaótimos, he who is splendidly honored. (Orphic Hymns 12.8 [of Ἡρακλῆς] and 34.2 [of Ἀπόλλων])

Aglaotimus - See Aglaótimos.

Agnós - (Hagnos; Gr. Ἁγνός, ΑΓΝΟΣApóllohn is Agnós, holy, pure. (Orphic Hymn 34.7)
- Lexicon entry: ἁγνός, ή, όν, (cf. ἅγιος) purechasteholyI. of places and things dedicated to Godshallowed; of frankincense. 2. of divine persons,chastepure, Hom., mostly of Artemis; of Demeter, Demeter and Persephone; Apollo; Zeus: of the attributes of Gods. II. after Hom., of persons, undefiledchaste, of maidens. 2. pure from bloodguiltless3. generally, pureupright. (L&S p. 12, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Agraios - See Agréfs.

Agréfs - (Agreus; Gr. Ἀγρεύς, ΑΓΡΕΥΣ. Also ἈγραῐοςAgréfs means hunter. 1) Agréfs is an appellation of Apóllohn. 2) Agréfs is an appellation of Pan (Gr. Πᾶν).  3) Agréfs is one of the "Pans," creatures descended from Pan, with human bodies but the heads of goats. 4) Agréfs is a son of Apóllohn and Éfvia (Euboea; Gr. Εὔβοια). 5) Agréfs is a surname of Aristaios (Aristaeus; Gr. Ἀρισταῖος), the son of Apóllohn and Kyríni (Kyrene; Gr. Κυρήνη).

Ágrios - (agrius; Gr. ἄγριος, ΑΓΡΙΟΣ) Apóllohn is Ágrios, wild. (Orphic Hymn 34.5)
- Lexicon entry: ἄγριος, α, ον: living in the fields, wild, savage. (L&S p. 15, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Agyieus or Agyleus  - (Gr., literally meaning "street")  a surname of Apóllohn. Sacrifices were made to the God on the public streets of AthensApóllohn was known as a guardian of these streets.  (Source:  CM*p.20)

Aiglitis -  (Ægletes; Gr. Αἰγλήτης, ΑἸΓΛΉΤΗΣ) expressive of lightning; a name used to worship Apóllohn at Anaphi (Anaphe; Gr. Ανάφη. Modern-day Anafi) in memory of his averting a storm suffered by the Argonaftai (Argonauts; Gr. Ἀργοναῦται).  (CM p.20
- the radiant one, epith. of Apollo, A.R. 4.1716IG12(3).259 (Anaphe), 412 (Thera). (L&S p. 35, right column)

Aiyiptios - (Ægyptius; Gr. Αἰγύπτιος, ΑΙΓΥΠΤΙΟΣ)  1)  Aigyptios is the Egyptian God Horus, the son of Osiris and Isis, who some equate with Apóllohn. 2)  Aiyiptios was the father of the last victim of the Kyklohps (Cyclops; Gr. Κύκλωψ) in the Othysseia (Odyssey; Gr. Ὀδύσσεια) of Omiros (Homer; Gr. Ὅμηρος(CM p.20)

Akærsækómis - (Acersecomes; Gr. Ἀκερσεκόμης, ΑΚΕΡΣΕΚΟΜΗΣ) - Lexicon entry: ἀκερσεκόμης (ἀκερσι- in Nonn. Il. cc. infr.), ου, , (Dor. voc. -κόμα Pi.Pae.9.45: dat. pl. -κόμοισιν Nonn.D.14.232), (κείρω, κόμη) with unshorn hair, i.e. ever-young (for Greek youths wore long hair till they reached manhood), of Phoebus, Il.20.39, h.Ap.134, etc. 2. long-haired, Nonn.D.10.29, al.; cf. ἀκειρεκόμης. (L&S)

Akǽsios - (Acesius; Gr. Ἀκέσιος, ΑΚΈΣΙΟΣAkǽsios is an appellation of Apóllohn meaning "healing,"  God of medicine.  (Source:  CM* p.20)

- "The name of the place is Petra, and it is said that Petra was a township in ancient times.  The most notable things that the Eleans have in the open part of the market-place are a temple and image of Apollo Healer (ed. Ἀπόλλωνος Ἀκεσίου).  The meaning of the name would appear to be exactly the same as that of Averter of Evil (ed. Ἀλεξίκακος), the name current among the Athenians." (Pafsanias VI.xxiv.6; Paus. III pp. 150-151.)

Akraiphnios (Acræphnius; Gr. Ἀκραίφνιος, ΑΚΡΑΙΦΝΙΟΣ) Akraiphnios is an appellation of Apóllohn referring to Akraiphnia (Gr. Ακραίφνια), a town in Biohtía (Boeotia; Gr. Βοιωτία) where, in ancient times, was a sanctuary with an oracle of the God.  (CM p. 20) The ruins of Akraiphnia are about a mile from the modern city of Akraifnio. 

Akrítas Apóllohn - (Acritas; Gr. Ἀκρίτας, ΑΚΡΙΤΑΣ) Akrítas is a name of Apóllohn in Sparta, in a temple there dedicated to Apóllohn on an eminence. The word is expressive of height.  (CM p.20)

- "The Lacedaemonians have an altar of Apollo Acritas, and a sanctuary, surnamed Gasepton, of Earth." (Pafsanias III.xii.8; Paus. II p. 75)

Áktios - (Actius; Gr. Ἄκτιος, ΑΚΤΙΟΣ) Áktios is a surname of Apóllohn from the town of Áctiön (Actium; Gr. Ἄκτιον). (CM p. 20)

- "Next, piling up shingle near the sea, they raised there an altar on the shore to Apollo, under the name of Actius (ed. Ἄκτιος) and Embasius (ed. Ἐμβάσιος), and quickly spread above it logs of dried olive-wood." (Απολλώνιος Ρόδιος Ἀργοναυτικά 1.402)

- Lexicon entry: ἄκτιος, ον, (ἀκτή α), of the sea-shore, of Pan as God of the coast; of Apollo, (Απολλώνιος Ρόδιος Ἀργοναυτικά 1.402). (L&S p. 59, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Alæxíkakos - (Alexicacus; Gr. Ἀλεξίκακος, ΑΛΕΞΙΚΑΚΟΣ) Alæxíkakos is a surname of Apóllohn meaning he who diverts calamity, having delivered Athens of plague during the Peloponnesian war. (CM*p.20)
- "Apollo received his name (ed. Ἐπικούριος) from the help he gave in time of plague, just as the Athenians gave him the name of Averter of Evil (ed. Ἀλεξίκακος) for turning the plague away from them." (Pafsanías VIII.xli.8, trans. W. H. S. Jones, 1918-1935. We are using the 1961 edition entitled Pausanias: Description of Greece, Loeb-Heinemann [London, England UK] Harvard [Cambridge, MA USA], where this quotation may be found in vol. 4, pp. 108-109.)
- Lexicon entry: keeping off ill or mischief, epith. of Heracles; of Hermes; of Zeus. (L&S p. 62, right column within the entries beginning with ἀλεξιάρη, edited for simplicity)

Alaios - (Gr. Αλαίος, ΑΛΑΙΟΣ) Alaios is an epithet of Apóllohn meaning wanderer, perhaps in reference to the founding of cities. (See Apollódohros Epitome vi.15b)

Alexicacus - See Alæikakos.

Amarcolitanus - Keltic God identified with Apóllohn. His name is thought to mean "he of the distant gaze". (source:  Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 13)

Amazonius - surname of Apóllohn in Sparta  (Source:  CM*p.20)

Amyclaeus - surname of Apóllohn derived from Amyclae, a city of Laconia where was a famous sanctuary. This temple had a colossal statue of the God forty-five feet tall (30 cubits).

Anaphaeus - surname of Apóllohn from an island in the Cretan sea, Anaphe, where Apóllohn was worshiped.  (Source:  CM* p.20)

Ánax - (Gr. Ἄναξ, ΑΝΑΞ) Apóllohn is Ánax, a true king. Apóllohn is the ambassador of the Olympian Gods of the Solar System and as such, he is on the level of the Zefs of our system and thereby worthy the title Ánax.
- Lexicon entry: 
ἄναξ [], ἄνακτος (cf. Ἄνακες), , rarely fem. ὦ ἄνα for ἄνασσα:—lord, master. 1. of the Gods, esp. Apollo; of Zeus; Poseidon, of Πλοῦτος; esp. of the Dioscuri, cf. Ἄνακες, Ἄνακοι; of all the Gods. (L&S p. 114, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Anextlomarus - Keltic God equated with Apóllohn. His name means something like "Great Protector."  (source:  Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 16)

Amphryssius - appellation of Apóllohn; from Amphrysus, a river in Thessaly where, banished by Zeus, Apóllohn tended the flocks of Admetus, King of Pherae.  (Source:  CM*p.20)

Amyclæus - appellation of Apóllohn;  from Amycla, a city of Laconia  (Source:  CM*p.20)

Anaphæus - appellation of Apóllohn; from Anaphe, an island in the Cretan Sea  (Source:  CM*p.20)

Apǽllon - (Apellon; Gr. Ἀπέλλων, ΑΠΕΛΛΩΝ) Apǽllon is the Doric spelling of Apóllohn. (L&S p.185, left column)

Aphetor - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn meaning "giver of oracles" or "arrow-shooter."  (Source:  CM* p.20)

Áploun - (Gr. Ἄπλουν, ΑΠΛΟΥΝ) Áploun is the Thessalian spelling of Apóllohn.  (L&S p. 191, left column)

Aplous - (Gr. Ἁπλοῦς, ΑΠΛΟΥΣ) = Apóllohn, variation of Ἄπλουν.  (L&S p. 191, left column within the definition of Ἄπλουν)

Aplu or Apulu - Aplu and Apulu are Etruscan names for Apóllohn.

Apollo - Latin for Apóllohn.

Apóllohn - (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων, ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝ) Apóllohn is his most common name. (L&S p.207, right column)

Apóllohnos - (Apollonos; Gr. Ἀπόλλωνος, ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝΟΣ) Greek genitive case of Apóllohn, as in the title to his hymn, for all titles in ancient Greek are in the genitive case. (L&S p. 207, right column; within the definition of Ἀπόλλων)

Apotrópaios - (Apotropæus; Gr. Ἀποτρόπαιος, ΑΠΟΤΡΟΠΑΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: Apotrópaios is an epithet of deities meaning averting evil, frequently of Apollo. 2. of sacrifices, D.H.5.54, Plu.2.290d,292a. II. Pass., that ought to be avertedill-omened, φαντασίαι Ph.2.433; δυσφημίαι Plu.2.587f; θέαμα Luc.Tim.5; ἄκουσμα Id.Gall.2, etc. (L&S p. 224, right column, within the entries beginning with ἀποτροπάδην, edited for simplicity.)

Apulu or Aplu - Apulu and Aplu are Etruscan names for Apóllohn.

Arcagetus - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn as tutelary God of Naxos  (Source:  CM* p.20)

Arcitenens - (L) Roman surname for Apóllohn. Etymology: arcus "bow" + teneo "I hold."  Bearing the bow, with which, as soon as he was born, he destroyed the Python.  (Source:  CM* p. 20)

Argeiphontes - See Aryeiphóntis.

Argous - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn at his temple in Coronea.  It was there that stood a bronze statue of the God and from this shrine he was renowned to heal many.  (Source:  CM* p. 20)

Argurotoxus - See Aryirótoxos.

Arótrios - (arotrius; Gr. ἀρότριος, ΑΡΟΤΡΙΟΣ) Apóllohn is Arótrios, he who blesses those who farm and pasture.
- Lexicon entry: ἀρότριος, ον, of husbandry, epith. of Apollo, Orph.H.34.3. (L&S p. 245, left column, within the entries beginning with ἀροτραῖος.)

Aryeiphóntis - (Argeiphontes; Gr. Ἀργειφόντης, ΑΡΓΕΙΦΟΝΤΗΣ) Lexicon entry: Ἀργειφόντηςου, voc. -φόντα h.Hom.29.7, Orph.H.28.3: (ἌργοςΦόνος):—slayer of Argus, epith. of Hermes, Od. 1.38, Hes.Op.77, etc. II. acc. to Paus.Gr.Fr.65, from ἀργῆςserpent-slayer, i.e. Apollo. (L&S p. 235, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Aryirótoxos - (Argurotoxus; Gr. Ἀργυρότοξος, ΑΡΓΥΡΟΤΟΞΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ἀργῠρότοξος, ονwith silver bow, Homeric epith. of Apollo, Il.2.766, al.; also simply Ἀργυρότοξος bearer of the silver bow, ib.1.37. (L&S p. 236, right column, within the entries beginning with ἀργυροσκόπος.)

Asterusius - the name by which Apóllohn was worshiped on Mount Asterusius on the island of Crete.  (Source:  CM* p.20)

Atepomarus - Keltic God equated with Apóllohn(source:  Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 26)

Averruncus - (L) surname of Apóllohn meaning he who averts evils. This name is also used to invoke the God when asking his assistance in interpreting dreams. (Source:  CM* p.20)

Avaios - (Abæus, Abaeus, or Abaios; Gr. Ἀβαῖος, ἈΒΑΊΟΣ) - Avaios is a toponymic surname of Apóllohn after the temple and oracle of Avai (Abae; Gr. Ἄβα) in Phokis (Phocis; Gr. Φωκίς).  (Herodotos viii.33, Pafsanias x. 35. § 1)

Balder -  Scandinavian name for Apóllohn. (Source:  CM* p.20)

Basses - surname of Apóllohn from a town named Bassæ in Arcadia where was a temple to the God.  (Source:  CM* p.20)

Belenus or Beleus

1)  a name for Apóllohn with the Gauls  (Source:  CM* p.20)

2)  Beleus - Keltic God thought to be Apóllohn worshiped in Northern Italy, the Eastern Alps, and Southern Gaul.  The name likely means shining, to give light.  

The historian Herodianos (Ab Excessu Divi Marci 8,3,8) records "that in 238 AD, when Aquileia was besieged by the emperor Maximinus, oracles were in circulation which promised that the town would be protected by its tutelary God Belenus/Apollo.  Later, soldiers of Maximinus are said to have declared that they saw in the sky over the city an image of the God intervening in the battle.  This event is also recorded in the history of the Roman emperors known as the Historia Augusta (Maximini duo 22,I)." (source:  Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, pp. 33-34)

Biodotes - See Viodóhtis.

Boedromius - See Voedromios.

Branchides - appellation of Apóllohn from the word Branchidæ, a title of the priests of Apóllohn Didymaeus at Didyma (near Miletus).  They were named after Banchus, son of Apóllohn,  who founded the temple at Didyma.  (Source:  CM* p.20)

Carneius - See Karnios.

Carneus - See Karnios.

Cataonius or Catenius - appellation of Apóllohn, from Cataonia, a region of Cappadocia.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Cerdous - (Gr) appellation of Apóllohn meaning gainful, because of the profit which mankind received from his predictions.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Charopoius - See Kharopiós.

Chochæus -  surname of Apóllohn (Source:  CM* p.21)

Chresmodus - See Khrismohdós.

Chrysaorus - See Khrysáoros.

Chrysokoma Pater - See Khrysokóma Pátær.

Chrysokomes - (Gr. Χρῡσοκόμἡς, ΧΡῩΣΟΚΌΜΉΣ)  epithet of Apóllohn meaning golden-haired.
- epithet of Apollo, Tyrt.3.4B. 4.2E.Supp.975 (lyr.), Ar.Av.217 (anap.);ὁ X., abs. for Apollo, Pi.O.6.417.32E.Tr.254 (lyr.). (L&S p.2010, right column; within the definitions beginning with χρῡσοκομ-έω)

Chrysotoxus - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn meaning having a golden bow.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Cillæus - surname of Apóllohn, from Cilla, a town of Æolia.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Cirrhæus - surname of Apóllohn, from Cirrha, a town of Phocis.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Clarius - a surname of Apóllohn,  from Claros, a town where was an oracle, near the Ionian city of  Colophon.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Cœlispex - (L) surname of Apóllohn as he is known amongst the astrologers.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Comæus - (Gr)  surname of Apóllohn expressive of the flowing hair with which he is represented.  His name at Naucratis, a city of Egypt.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Corynthus -  surname of Apóllohn as he was worshipped at Coronea where was a wooden statue of the God.  (Source:  CM* p.20, under the heading:  Argous)

Corypæus - surname of Apóllohn, from his oracle at Corypæ, in Thessaly.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Cosmoplocus - See Kozmoplókos.

Courotrophus - See Kourotróphos.

Culicarius - (L) surname of Apóllohn, from his power of driving away gnats and flies.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Cynthius - surname of Apóllohn as he was worshipped on Mount Cynthus in Delos.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Dælphikós - (Delphicus; Gr. Δελφικός, ΔΕΛΦΙΚΟΣ) Apóllohn is Dælphic, he who presides over the temple at Dælphí (Delphi; Gr. Δελφοί)Δελφύνη being a name for the Pýthohn (Python; Gr. Πύθων) which he slew at Dælphí. (Orphic Hymn 34.4)

Dælphínios - (Delphinius; Gr. Δελφίνιος, ΔΕΛΦΙΝΙΟΣ) of the dolphin, surname of Apóllohn, who assumed the shape of a dolphin. (Homeric Hymn III to Pythian Apóllohn beginning at 388.) Another possible meaning of the epithet is Dælphic, he who presides over the temple at Dælphí (Delphi; Gr. Δελφοί)Δελφύνη being a name for the Pýthohn (Python; Gr. Πύθων) which he slew at Dælphí.
- Lexicon entry: 
Δελφίνιος [φῐ], , epith. of Apollo, h.Ap.495, SIG57.11 (Milet., v B.C.), IG12(3).537 (Thera), Plu.2.984a, etc. (L&S p. 377, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Daphnæus - surname of Apóllohn, from the myth of Daphne, or from a Greek word meaning laurel, into which Daphne was transformed.  (Source:  CM* p.21)

Daphnephorios  - an epithet of Apóllohnhe who carries the branches of laurel

Decatephore - (Gr) name of a famous statue of Apóllohn at Megara, expressive of its having been formed out of the tenth part of the spoils taken from the enemy.  (Source:  CM* p. 21)

Delios - See Dílios.

Delphicus - surname of Apóllohn, after the city of Delphi.  (source:  CM* p. 21) 

Delphinius - See Dælphínios.

Delphusius - surname of Apóllohn from the fountain Delphusus.  (source:  CM* p. 21)

Didyméfs - (Didymeus; Gr. Διδυμεύς, ΔΙΔΥΜΕΥΣ) Apóllohn is Didyméfs, a surname meaning twin. (Orphic Hymn 34.7)
Didyméfs is an epithet of Apóllohn so named from the double light imparted by him to mankind; the one directly and immediately from his own body; the other by reflection from the moon. (source: CM* p. 21)
Didyméfs is an epithet of Apóllohn so named because he is δίδυμος, a twin.
- Didyméfs is an epithet of Apóllohn referring to a place-name, Dídyma (Didyma; Gr. Δίδυμα), a location near Mílitos (Miletus; Gr. Μíλητος) where resided an oracle of the God.

Didymeus - See Didyméfs.

Dikǽros - (Dicerus; Gr. Δικέρως, ΔΙΚΕΡΩΣ) Dikǽros is an epithet meaning two-horned, applied to Diónysos (Orphic Hymn 30.3) and Apóllohn (Orphic Hymn 34.25), or to any God, for all true Gods have "horns." This phenomena of the Gods is a vast effusion of Aithír (Aether; Gr. Αἰθήρ) which flows from their heads and which appears as something like horns; thus, in iconography, horned animals are symbolic of divinity.
 Lexicon entryδικέρως, ωτος, , two-horned: also δίκερως, ωνOrph.Fr.274. (L&S p. 430, left column, within the entries beginning with δίκελλα.)

Dílios - (Delios; Gr. Δήλιος, ΔΗΛΙΟΣ) Dílios is a name of Apóllohn referring to the place of his birth.
- Lexicon entry: Δήλιος, Dor. Δάλιος, α, ον, also ος, ον:— Delian: ὁ Δ., name of Apollo, the Gods and Goddesses worshipped at Delos:—Δήλιος, , a Delian:—also Δηλιεύ. (L&S p. 384, right column, edited for simplicity.) See also 
Dílios Ánax.

Dílios Ánax - (Delios Anax; Gr. Δήλιος Ἄναξ, ΔΗΛΙΟΣ ΑΝΑΞ) Apóllohn is Dílios Ánax, the king of Dílos (Delos; Gr. Δῆλος), the place of his birth. (Orphic Hymn 34.8) See also Dílios.

Dionysiodotes - (Gr) a name of Apóllohn among the Phlegyæ, a people of Thessaly.  (source:  CM* p.21) 

Diradiotes - a surname of Apóllohn from Diras, a region belonging to Argos.  (source:  CM* p.21)

Dromæus - one of the names for Apóllohn used in Crete.  (source:  CM* p.21)

Efpharætris - (Eupharetres; Gr. Ευφαρετρης, ΕΥΦΑΡΕΤΡΗΣEfpharætris is a surname of Apóllohn, having a beautiful quiver (case for holding arrows).  (CM p.21)

Efrypharetres - (Gr. Εὐρῠφᾰρέτρης, ΕΥΡῨΦᾸΡΈΤΡΗΣ) Dor. -τρᾱς, ὁ, with wide quiver, of Apollo, Pi.P. 9.26: acc. sg. -φάρετρᾰν Id.Pae.6.111; εὐρυφάρετρ' Ἄπολλον Id.Fr. 148. (L&S p.731, left column.  The copy of L&S that this author possesses uses another form of Φ when the word is spelled in small case letters: Εὐρῠϕᾰρέτρης [rather than φ] )

Eftrisios - (Eutresius; Gr. Ευτρησιος, ΕΥΤΡΗΣΙΟΣ)  Eftrisios is a surname of Apóllohn, his name at Eftrisis (Eutresis; Gr. Ευτρησις), a Thespian village.  (CM p.21)

Ekatæveletæs - (Gr. Έϰατηϐελετης, ΈΚΑΤΗΒΕΛΕΤΗΣ) epithet of Apóllohn meaning far-darting (HO p.161, in the notes)

Eleleus - See Ælælefs.

Embasius - See Æmvásios.

Enolmus - See Ænolmos.

Epikourios - (Apollo Epikourios) - an epithet of ApóllohnApóllohn the Helper, Healer.

Epibaterius - See Æpivatirios.

Epidelius - See Æpithilios.

Epikourios - See Æpikourios.

Erasmius - See Ærázmios.

Ersos - See Ǽrsos.

Etosyros - surname of Apóllohn used in Scythia.  (source:  CM* p.21)

Eupharetres - See Efpharætris.

Eutresius - See Eftrisios.

Exacesterius - See Exakæstírios.

Exakæstírios - (Exacesterius; Gr. Ἐξακεστήριος, ΕΞΑΚΕΣΤΗΡΙΟΣ) Exakæstírios is a surname of Apóllohn meaning one who averts evils. (CM p. 21)
- Lexicon entry: ἐξᾰκεστήριος, α, ον, remedying evil; epith. of Hera. 2. expiatory. (L&S p. 582, right column, within the entries beginning with 
ἐξᾰκέομαι, edited for simplicity.)

Eye, All-Seeing - See Pandærkǽs Ómma.

Galaxius - surname of Apóllohn, his name in the feast of Galaxia.  (source:  CM* p.21)

Genetor - See Yænǽtohr.

Granius - surname of Apóllohn, from the river Gran or Grannius.  (source:  CM* p.21)

- Keltic God equated with Apóllohn. Grannus is a God of healing. "According to the historian Cassius Dio (77,15,5ff), in the year 213 the emperor Carcalla called on his aid. In a verse inscription from Bonn (CIL XIII 8007) the God is given the name G., whereas elsewhere he is always called Apollo G." There are numerous inscriptions referring to Apóllohn Grannus from antiquity. (source: Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p.135-136)
- surname of Apóllohn, his name in Gaul, in Germany, and in Scotland. Camden supposes it to be the same with the Acersecomes of the Greek, from some Gothic word implying unshorn. (CM* p.21)

Grýneios - (Grynean or Gryneus; Gr. Γρύνειος, ΓΡΥΝΕΙΟΣ) - Grýneios is an epithet of Apóllohn referring to a place-name, Grýneion (Gr. Γρύνιον; also Grýneia Gr. Γρύνεια), the Aeolic city near Kými (Cyme; Gr. Κύμη) where was a beautiful temple of white marble, a grove, and an oracle dedicated to of the God. (Paus. 1.21.9)

Hagnos - See Agnós.

Hebdomagenes - See Ævdomayænís.

Hebdomagetes - See Ævdomagætis.

Hebdomeios - See Ævdómeios.

Hecaergus - See Ækáærgos.

Hecatebeletes - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn meaning far-shooting.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Hecatombæus - surname of Apóllohn, from hekatombs (a sacrifice of 100 cattle or oxen) being offered to him.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Hecatos - see Hecatebeletes.

Hecebolus - See Ækivólos.

Hekatebolos - (Apollo Hekatebolos) - an epithet of ApóllohnApóllohn who with his bow strikes from afar.

Hermapollo - (Gr) the name of a statue combining the symbols of Apóllohn and Hermes.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Horion - (Gr) name of Apóllohn at Hermione, in Argolis.  Pausanias supposes it was derived from a word signifying limits, boundaries, and that it was assigned to him upon some happy termination of a dispute respecting the division of land.  (source:  CM* p.22) 

Horus - Egyptian God, the son of Osiris and Isis, equated with Apóllohn.  (source:  CM* p.22, Herodotus' Histories) 

Hyperboræus or Hyperboreos -  (Apollo Hyperboreos) - an epithet of Apóllohn: he who is worshiped by the Hyperboreans, the Northmen.  (source:  CM* p.22)


1) the Titan God of light, son of Ouranos and Gaia (source:  Hesiod Theogonia 132)

2) the name Hyperion is sometimes used as a surname for Apóllohn (source:  CM* p.22)

Hysius - surname of Apóllohn at Hysia, in Bœotia.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Iatros - (Gr. Ιατρος, ΙΑΤΡΟΣ) one who healsphysician or surgeon; as a name of Apóllohn, Ar. Av.584 (anap.) (L&S p.816, bottom of left column extending to the top of the right column)

Ichnæus - surname of Apóllohn, from his oracle at Ichnæa, in Macedonia.  (source:  CM* p.22) 

Iíïos - (Iéïos; Gr. ἰήϊος, ΙΗΙΟΣ) Lexicon entry: ἰήϊος, α, ον, also ος, ον, epith. of Apollo, the God invoked with the cry ἰή or ἰὴ παιών (v. ἰή), ἰήϊε παιάν. (L&S p. 823, right column, edited for simplicity.) Orphic Hymn 34.2. Lexicon entry: ἰή [], the exclamation of joy or enthusiasm; esp. used in the cult of Apóllohn(L&S p. 823, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Ismenius - surname of Apollon, from the river and mountain Ismenus, in Bœotia, on the borders of which he had a temple.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Karnios, Carneus, CarneiusKarneos, or Karneios - (Gr. Κάρνειος, ΚΆΡΝΕΙΟΣ) a name of Apollo in many Dorian states such as Sparta, Thera, Cyrene;  so-named either from Karneos, a Trojan, or from Karnos, an Acarnanian, who was instructed by Apollon in the art of divination, but was afterwards murdered by the Dorians (this explanation not accepted by this website.  See KARNIA - ΚΆΡΝΕΙΑ
.)  (CM* pp.20-21)
- Κάρνειος, ὁ, (κάρνος) title of Apollo in Peloponnesus, Pi.P.5.80, Call.Ap.71, etc.:—hence Κάρνεια, τά, (Κάρνεα metri gr., Theoc.5.83) festival held in his honour by Dorians, esp. by the Spartans, Hdt.7.206, Th.5.75, SIG735.25 (Argos, i B.C.), etc.; τὰ Κ. νικᾶν Ath.14.635e;πανηγυρίζειν Plu.2.873e:—Κάρνειος or Καρνήϊος, ὁ (sc. μήν), name of month in which the festival was held, E.Alc.449 (lyr.), Th. 5.54, cf.IG4.1485 (Epid.), GDI5009 (Crete), etc.; Κάρνειαι θυσίαι at Argos, IG4.620. (L&S p.878, last entry right column)

Kharopiós - (charopoius; Gr. χαροποιός, ΧΑΡΟΠΟΙΟΣ) Apóllohn is Kharopióshe who brings joy. (Orphic Hymn 34.6)

Khrysáoros - (Chrysaorus; Gr. Χρυσάορος, ΧΡΥΣΑΟΡΟΣ; masc. and fem. adj. = χρυσάωρ.) Lexicon entry: χρῡσάορος [ᾱ], ον, (ἄορ) = χρυσάωρ, with sword of gold, epith. of Apollo; also of Demeter; of Artemis; of Orpheus; so χρυσᾱορεύς, έως, of Zeus at Stratonicea; also χρυσᾱόριος: hence χρῡσᾱορεῖς, οἱ, of a league formed by his worshippers. (L&S p. 2009, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Khrismohdós - (chresmodos; Gr. χρησμῳδός, ΧΡΗΣΜΩΔΟΣ. Adjective.) Lexicon entry: χρησμῳδόςόν, (ᾠδή) prop. chanting oracles, or delivering them in verse; then, generally, prophesyingpropheticχ. παρθένος, of the Sphinx; epith. of Apollo. 2. oracularφάτιςII. as Subst., soothsayeroracle-monger. (L&S p. 2006, right column, within the entries beginning with χρησμῳδία, edited for simplicity.)

Khrysokóma Pátær - (Chrysocoma Pater; Gr. Χρυσοκώμα Πάτερ, ΧΡΥΣΟΚΩΜΑ ΠΑΤΕΡ) Khrysokóma Pátær is an epithet of Apóllohn meaning Golden-Haired Father.

Khrysokómis - (Chrysokomes; Gr. Χρυσοκόμης, ΧΡΥΣΟΚΟΜΗΣ) Apóllohn is Khrysokómis, golden-haired. (Orphic Hymn 34.9)

Khrysolýris - (Chrysolyres; Gr. χρυσολύρης, ΧΡΥΣΟΛΥΡΗΣ) Apóllohn is Khrysolýris, for he plays with a golden lyre.
- Lexicon entry: χρυσολύρης [λῠ], ου, Dor. χρυσολύρας, α, , with lyre of gold, of Apollo, Orph.H.34.3 (voc. -λύρη); of Orpheus. (L&S p. 2010, right column, within the entries beginning with χρυσόλοπος, edited for simplicity.)

itharohdós (Citharede; Gr. Κιθαρῳδός, ΚΙΘΑΡΩΔΟΣ) A Kitharohdós is an ancient name for a professional singer who also played the kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), an ancient type of lyre. Kitharohdós is also an epithet of Apóllohn, who is frequently depicted in iconography playing the kithára.

Kourotróphos - (Courotrophus; Gr. Κουροτρόφος, ΚΟΥΡΟΤΡΟΦΟΣ) Kourotróphos is an epithet of Ækáti (Hecate), Ártæmis (Artemis), Aphrodíti (Aphrodite), and Apóllohn, meaning nurturer of children.
- Lexicon entry: κουροτρόφοςονrearing children, rare in lit. sense: usu. metaph.πόλλωνος κ., of Delos: freq. as epith. of Goddesses, as Hecate Orphic Hymn 1.8ρτεμις Orphic Hymn 36.8; of the Roman Goddess Rumina; esp. of Aphrodite. (L&S p. 987, left column, within the entries beginning with κουροσύνη, edited for simplicity.)

Kourídios - (Couridios; Gr. Κουρίδιος, ΔΟΥΡΙΔΙΟΣ) Kourídios is an epithet of Apóllohn in Lakohnía (Laconia; Gr. Λακωνία), this according to Isýkhios (Hesychius; Gr. Ἡσύχιος) (L&S). The word kourídios is connected with nuptial things and refers to the rightful wedded partner of someone, so the meaning may be something like Apóllohn the legitimate husband or suitable partner (of Lakohnía?).

Kozmoplókos - (Cosmoplocus; Gr. Κοσμοπλόκος, ΚΟΣΜΟΠΛΟΚΟΣ) Lexicon entry: κοσμοπλόκος, ον, holding together the world, of Apollo. (L&S p. 984, right column, within the entries beginning with κοσμογένεια, edited for simplicity.)

Kýdimos Kouros - (cydimus kouros; Gr. κύδιμος κοῦρος, ΚΥΔΙΜΟΣ ΚΟΥΡΟΣ) Apóllohn is Kýdimos Kouros, the glorious, renowned son (ed. of Zefs). Orphic Hymn 34.5.

Lataus - surname of Apóllohn, from his mother Latona. (CM* p. 22)

Leschenorus - (Gr) the name under which Apóllohn was invoked by philosophical students; as presiding over places of conversation or conference. (CM* p. 22)

Leucadius - surname of Apóllohn in the temple dedicated to him on the promontory Leucadia.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Loimius - surname of Apóllohn at Lindus, a city of Rhodes, when invoked as the God of medicine.  It is a Greek apotropaic title averting pestilence. (CM* p.22)

Loxías - (Gr. Λοξίας, ΛΟΞΙΑΣ) Apóllohn is Loxías, the great oracle of his father Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς). (Orphic Hymn 34.7)
Loxías is a surname of Apóllohn which refers to the God as the prophet and interpreter of Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς). (A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, edited by William Smith, 1880, found in the 2007 edition under the heading Loxias on p. 807 of Vol. II.)
- Λοξίας epith. of Apollo, Hdt., Trag.;—either from λοξός, the ambiguous, or from λέγω, λόγος, the speaker. (Middle Liddel) 
A famous example of an ambiguous oracle, when Krísos (Croesus; Gr. Κροῖσος), the king of Lydía (Lydia; Gr. Λυδία) from 560 to 546 BC, consulted the Oracle of Dælphí (Delphi; Gr. Δελφοί), the Oracle responded, "If you go to war, a great empire will be destroyed." Krísos then went to war and destroyed his own empire. But if Krísos was not so proud, perhaps he would have correctly interpreted the oracle. (Iródotos [Herodotus; Gr. Ἡρόδοτος] Histories, Book I. 50-91)

Lycæus - (Gr) surname of ApóllohnLycæus is derived either from his delivering the Argive territory, or the flocks of Admetus, from wolves. (CM* p. 22)

Lycegenes - See Lykiyænís.

Lycius - surname of Apóllohn;  from Lycia, where he had a celebrated oracle. (CM* p. 22)

Lycoctonos - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn meaning slayer of wolves. (CM* p. 22)

Lycoreus - See Lykohrefs.

Lykeios -  (Gr. Λύκειος, ΛΎΚΕΙΟΣ) Lykeios is an epithet of Apóllohn meaning light, from the root luk, "light."  Another frequent translation is Wolf-God.
- etymology: ly (light) + eios (birth), therefore "Born of Light."

Lykiyænís - (Lycegenes; Gr. Λυκηγενής)- surname of Apóllohn meaning born in Lycia, (source:  CM* p.22), or born of light.

Lykohréfs - (Lycoreus; Gr. Λυκωρεύς, ΛΥΚΩΡΕΥΣ) Lykohréfs is an epithet of Apóllohn, the title refers to a place name, Lykóhreia (Lycoreia; Gr. Λυκώρεια), the highest summit of Parnassós (Parnassus; Gr. Παρνασσός), above Dælphí (Delphi; Gr. Δελφοί), called Λυκώρεια

Lykos - (Gr. Λύκος, ΛΥΚΟΣ) The Lykos is the wolf, a symbol of Apóllohn's power. Wolves are usually seen at the break of dawn, therefore, the wolf is symbolic of the coming light, for which the wolf is known as an Æöhsphoros (Eosphoros or Eosforos; Gr. Εωσφόρος), a herald of the Dawn or the Light of the Dawn.

Mælioukhos Turannæ - (Gr. Μελιοῦχος Τύραννε, ΜΕΛΙΟΥΧΟΣ ΤΎΡΑΝΝΕ) Mælioukhos is an epithet of doubtful meaning applied in magical writings to various divinities (L&S p. 1097, right column).  To Apóllohn as Mælioukhos Turannæ (PMag.Lond.47.33). Mæli (Gr. μελι) is honey; oukhos means "the one who has;" Turannæ is tyrant or in this case, a monarch.  Apóllohn can never be an unjust tyrant; therefore, the epithet means something like he who rules with honey or sweetness. 

Mákar - (Gr. μάκαρ, ΜΑΚΑΡ. Adj. masc. & fem. nom. sing.Apóllohn is mákarblessed, as are all the Gods. (Orph. Hymn 34.1)
- Lexicon entry: μάκαρ [v. infr.], ᾰρος, also μάκαρςμάκαρ as fem. μάκαιρα :— blessed, happy, prop. epith. of the Gods, as opp. mortal men, μάκαρες the Blessed Onesμ. ὀλίζονες lesser Gods—In this sense always in pl., exc. in addressing single Gods; μάκαιρα, of Persephone. II. of men, blest, fortunate; esp. wealthy. III. esp. μάκαρες, οἱ, the blessed deadμακάρων νῆσοι the Islands of the BlestIV. Sup. μακάρτατος; μακάρων μακάρτατε, of Zeus. (L&S p. 1073, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Maleates - surname of Apóllohn used in his temple on the promontory of Malea.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Malloeis - name for Apóllohn used at Mitylene.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Mæmphíta - (Memphita; Gr. Μεμφῖτα, ΜΕΜΦΙΤΑ) Apóllohn is Mæmphíta, a dweller of (Egyptian) Mǽmphis (Memphis; Gr. Μέμφις). Orph. Hymn 34.2The meaning of this epithet is obscure.

Mántis (Gr. Μάντις, ΜΑΝΤΙΣ. Feminine: Mántissa; Gr. Μάντισσα) - Apóllohn is the true Mántis, prophet or seer. Apóllohn is the genuine Mántis because he knows and speaks the mind of Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς). (Orphic Hymn 34.4)

Maponus - Keltic God equated with Apóllohn. The God is depicted naked with a lyre. (source:  Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 187-188)

Marmarinus - surname of Apóllohn, from Marmarion, a town of Eubœa.

Metageitnius - (Gr)  surname of Apóllohn in a temple near Athens, supposed to have been derived from the inhabitants of the suburb of Melite having, under his auspices, removed to that of Diomea:  the name implies a removal from one neighborhood to another.  Metageitnion wa the second month of the Athenian year.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Milesius - surname of Apóllohn, from Miletium, a town of Crete.  (source:  CM* p.22)

Moritasgus - Keltic God equated with Apóllohn(source:  Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 198)

Mousarkhos - (Mousarchos; Gr. Μούσαρχος, ΜΟΥΣΑΡΧΟΣ) Lexicon entry: Μούσαρχος, Dor. Μώσαρχος, ὁ, leader of the Muses, epith. of Apollo, Terp.3 ( = Carm.Pop.49 Diehl). (L&S p. 1148, right column.) Cf. Mousayǽtas.

Mousayǽtis - (Mousagetes; Gr. Μουσαγέτης, ΜΟΥΣΑΓΕΤΗΣ which is the Attic form. The Dorian form is Μουσαγέτας.) Apóllohn is Mousayǽtis, the leader of the Mousai (Muses; Gr. Μοῦσαι), and, therefore, the fountain of all culture. Orphic Hymn 34.6. Cf. Mousarkhos.

Myricæus - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn, from his bearing a branch of heath, or broom (myrica), the emblem of divination, over which he presided. (source:  CM* p.22)

Myrinus - surname of Apóllohn, from the town Myrina in Æolia.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Myriómorphos - (Gr. Μυριόμορφος) ον, of countless shapes, of Dionysus, AP9.524.13; of Apollo, ib.525.13; of Isis, APl.4.264.  II.  μυριόμορφον, τό, = Ἀχίλλειος, Ps.-Dsc.4.36. (L&S)

Napæus - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn, from his being worshipped in groves.  (source CM* p.23)

Næomínios - (Neomenius or Noumenius; Gr. Νεομήνιος, ΝΕΟΜΙΝΙΟΣ)  Næomínios is a surname of Apóllohn by which he is invoked at the beginning of every lunar month, or (as the name implies) on every new moon.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Neomenius - See Næomínios.

Nomius or Nomios:

1) pastoral Gods of pastures and flocks, such as Apóllohn, Hermes, Aristaios, and Pan.

2) (Gr) surname of Apóllohn, from a word meaning shepherd; that being the epithet applied to him during the time he tended the cattle of Admetus.   (source:  CM* p.23)

3)  surname of Zeus as presiding over laws, from a Greek word signifying law.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Ogygius - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn, one of his names in Attica, originally called Ogygia.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Olbiodotes - See Olviodótis.

Olviodóhtis - (Olbiodotes; Gr. Ὀλβιοδώτης, ΟΛΒΙΟΔΩΤΗΣ) Apóllohn is olviodóhtis, he who fills our souls with bliss.
- Lexicon entry: ὀλβιοδώτης, ου, , bestower of blissOrphic Hymn 34.2:—fem. ὀλβιοδῶτις, ιδος, ib.40.2. (L&S p. 1213, right column, within the entries beginning with ὀλβιόβιος, edited for simplicity.)

Ómma - See Pandærkǽs Ómma.

Onceates - surname of Apóllohn, from the town Oncestus.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Oropæus - surname of Apóllohn, from his oracle at Oropus, a city of Eubœa.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Orthós Lógos - (Gr. Ὀρθός Λόγος) Apóllohn is the Orthós Lógos, the True Word.


1)  the word is confusing because it is also used as the name of the island where Artemis was born, Leto then going to Delos to give birth to Apollo. But Ortygia is an old name for Delos.

2)  surname of Apóllohn, from Ortyyia, the ancient name of the island of Delos.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Paián - (Gr. Παιάν, ΠΑΙΑΝ. Pronounced pay-AHN.) Paean or Paeon, the physician of the Gods. 2. title of Apollo; also of other Gods, Ἀσκληπιὸς; of Zeus at Rhodes; of Dionysus; of Helios. 3. physician, healerb. saviour, deliverer. II. choral song, addressed to Apollo or Artemis, in thanksgiving for deliverance from evil; addressed to other Gods, as to Poseidon after an earthquake. 2. song of triumph after victory. 3. any solemn song or chant, esp. on beginning an undertaking. (L&S, abbreviated for clarity)

Pæonian - surname of Apóllohn, his name in Pæonia, a country of Macedonia.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Palatinus - (L) surname of Apóllohn, from the temple erected to him by the emperor Augustus on Mount Palatine.  (CM* p. 23)

Pan - (Gr. Ράν, ΠΑΝ) Apóllohn is called Pan in Orphic Hymn 34 at line 25.

Pancrates - See Pangkratís.

andærkǽs Ómma - (Panderkes Omma; Gr. Πανδερκές Ὄμμα, ΠΑΝΔΕΡΚΕΣ ΟΜΜΑ) Apóllohn is the Pandærkǽs (all-seeing) Ómma (eye), the All-Seeing Eye which brings the light which shines on mortals. (Orphic Hymn 34.8)

Pangkratís - (pancrates; Gr. παγκρατής, ΠΑΓΚΡΑΤΗΣ. Adj.) Lexicon entry: παγκρᾰτήςές, (κράτοςall-powerful, epith. of Zeus; also of Μοῖρα; of Hera; of Apollo; of Athena. (L&S p. 1284, right column, within the entries beginning with παγκρατευτής, edited for simplicity.)

Pantothalís - (Pantothales; Gr. Παντοθαλής, ΠΑΝΤΟΘΑΛΗΣ) Apóllohn is Pantothalís, he makes everything bloom. (Orphic Hymn 34.16)

Parnópios (Parnopius; Gr. Παρνόπιος, ΠΑΡΝΟΠΙΟΣ) surname of Apóllohn, from the word meaning grasshopper, he having delivered Athens from a swarm of those inserts.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Parrhasius- surname of Apóllohn at Parrhasia in Arcadia.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Patareus - surname of Apóllohn, from Patara, a town of Lycia, where Apóllohn had a temple and an oracle.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Patír - (Gr. Πατήρ, ΠΑΤΗΡ) = Patrius or Patróös (adj.)Patír is an ancient epithet meaning father, such as Apóllohn Patír or Zefs Patír. Cf. Patróös.

Patróös - (Gr. Απολλων Πατρῷος, ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝ ΠΑΤΡΩΟΣ. Πατρῷος is an adjective) 
Apóllohn Patróös is a surname of Apóllohn as father.  More ancient still is Apóllohn Patír (Gr. Πατήρ), which means the same. Apóllohn can be worshiped as father by any person who loves him.

All Athenians claimed Apóllohn as father. The archons, before entering office, were questioned whether they were related to Apóllohn Patróös, i.e. whether they were free-born Athenian citizens. (CM p.23) Apóllohn is the father of Ion by Kreousa and as such he is considered the father of the Ionian race. There are the ruins of a temple in the Agora of Athens near the Stoa of Zeus dedicated to Apóllohn Patróös, father of the Ionians (Ἴωνες) and protector of families. The sanctuary was destroyed by the Persians in 480 BCE. The temple housed the colossal statue of Apóllohn Patróös by Euphranor. All that remains of the gigantic sculpture are the heavily draped legs and chest.

Peninus - surname of Apóllohn, according to some, among the Gauls.  (source:  CM* p.23) 

Phanaios or Phanæus - (Gr. Φᾰναῖος, ΦΑΝΑΙΟΣ)  surname of Apóllohn, from the promontory Phanæum (signifying appearing) in Chios, from where Latona had first observed the island of Delos.  (source: CM* p.23)

φναος, α, ον, (φανή) giving or bringing light, of Zeus, E.Rh.355 (lyr.); of Apollo, in Chios, Achae.35. (L&S p. 1914)

Philalexandrus - (Gr) surname of Apollon meaning friend of Alexander, in consequence of a statue of Apóllohn released from the chains of gold with which it had been bound, prior to the taking of Tyre by Alexander (the Great).  (source:  CM* p.23)

Philesius -  See Philísios.

Philísios - (Philesius;Gr. Φιλήσιος, ΦΙΛΗΣΙΟΣ. Variant of φίλιος, friendly) Philísios is a surname of Apóllohn meaning amicableaffectionate. (CM p.23)
- surname of Apóllohn used at his oracular sanctuary at Dídyma (Gr. Δίδυμα) (Plin. H. N. xxxiv. 8; comp.)

Philius - surname of Apóllohn meaning amicable, affectionate.  (source:  CM* p.23) 

Phívos - (Phoebus, Phœbus, Phoibos; Gr. Φοίβος, ΦΟΙΒΟΣ) - 1) name meaning the bright one, the radiant oneexpressive of splendor and brightness. This is the major epithet of Apóllohn. The God received the oracle at Dælphí as a birthday present from the Titan Goddess Phívi (Phoebe; Gr. Φοίβη), and he was then known as Phívos Apóllohn. Furthermore, and actually foremost, Apóllohn is the light of enlightenment and is by nature bright.
- Lexicon entry: φοῖβος, η, ον:— pure, bright, radiant. II. as pr. n., Φοῖβος, , Phoebus, i.e. the Bright or Pure, an old epith. of Apollo, Φ. Ἀπόλλων Il.1.43, al.: then alone as pr. n., Il.1.443. 2. prophet. (L&S p. 1947, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Phohsphóros Daimohn - (Phosphorus Daemon; Gr. φωσφόρος δαίμων, ΦΩΣΦΟΡΟΣ ΔΑΙΜΩΝ) Apóllohn is the Phohsphóros Daimohn, the great light-bearing divinity. (Orphic Hymn 34.5)

Phylleus - surname of Apóllohn, from Phyllos, a town in Arcadia.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Phyxius - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn from a word expressive of flight; because he protected fugitives.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Platanistius - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn because his temple at Elis, in the Peloponnese, was surrounded with plane trees.  (source:  CM* p. 23) 

Ploutodotír - (plutodoter; Gr. πλουτοδοτήρ, ΠΛΟΥΤΟΔΟΤΗΡ = πλουτοδότης.) giver of riches.
- Lexicon entry: πλουτοδοτήρ, ῆρος, , = sq., epith. of Apollo, AP 9.525.17:—fem. πλουτοδότειραθεά, of Demeter, Orph.H.40.3. 

Proöpsius - surname of Apóllohn meaning foreseeing.  (source:  CM* p. 23)

Prophítis - (prophetes; Gr. προφήτης, ΠΡΟΦΗΤΗΣ) Lexicon entry: προφήτηςου, Dor. and Boeot. προφάτας [], α, Pi. (v. infr.): · (πρόφημί):— prop. one who speaks for a God and interprets his will to manΔιὸς π. interpreterexpounder of the will of Zeus; Βάκχου π., perh. of Orpheus; esp. of the Delphic Apollo; of the minister and interpreter at Delphi. (L&S p. 1540, left column, within the entries beginning on the previous page, edited for simplicity.)

Prostaterius - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn as he who presides over and protects houses.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Psykhodotír - (Psychodoter; Gr. Ψυχοδοτήρ, ΨΥΧΟΔΟΤΗΡ) Lexicon entry: ψῡχοδοτήρ, ῆρος, giver of the soul or life, epith. of Apollo, AP9.525.24. (L&S p. 2028, left column, within the entries beginning with ψυχοδαϊκτής.)

Ptoüs - surname of Apóllohn from his oracle at Ptoüs, a mountain in Bœotia.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Pyctes - (Gr) pugilist;  surname of Apóllohn, as having overcome the robber Phorbas.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Pythikós - (Pythicus; Gr. Πυθικός, ΠΥΘΙΚΟΣ) = Πύθιος. Lexicon entry: Πῡθικός, ή, όν, of or for Pytho, Pythian. (L&S p. 1551, left column, edited for simplicity.)

ýthios - (Pythius, i.e. Pythian Apollo; Gr. Πύθιος, ΠΥΘΙΟΣ) an epithet of Apóllohn, either as the slayer of the Pythohn (Gr. Πύθων);  from having overcome a man of that name, noted for his cruelty;  from a Greek word, to putrefy (because the carcass of Pythohn was suffered to putrefy); form a Greek word, to inquire; or from Pythoh (Pytho; Gr. Πυθώ), another name of Delphi.  (source:  CM* p.23)
- Lexicon entry: Πύθῐος, α, ον, (Πῡθώ) Pythian, i.e. Delphian, epith. of Apollo; ἐν Πυθίου in his temple; also οἱ Πύθιοι, αἱ Πύθιαι, the Gods and Goddesses worshipped at Pytho or Delphi. 2. = Πυθικός. (L&S p. 1551, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Pythoktónos - (Pythoctonus; Gr. Πυθοκτόνος, ΠΥΘΟΚΤΟΝΟΣ) Apóllohn is the Pythoktónos, the slayer of the Python.
- Lexicon entry: Πῡθοκτόνος, ον, slaying the serpent Python, Orph. Hymn 34.4. (L&S p. 1551, right column, within the entries beginning with Πυθόκραντος.)

Pytholǽtis - (Pytholetes; Gr. Πυθολέτης, ΠΥΘΟΛΕΤΗΣ) Lexicon entry: Πῡθολέτης, ου, , dragon-slayer, epith. of Apollo, PMag.Lond.47.32. (L&S p. 1551, right column.)

Rath - Rath, whose temple was in Tarquinia, is an Etruscan deity identified as Apóllohn.

Sæmnós - (semne; Gr. σεμνός, ΣΕΜΝΟΣσεμνός is masculine; σεμνή is feminine.Lexicon entry: σεμνόςήόν, (σέβομαιreveredaugustholyI. prop. of Gods, e.g. Demeter; Hecate; Thetis; Apollo; Poseidon; Pallas Athena; at Athens the Erinyes were specially the σεμναὶ θεαί2. of things divine. II. of human or half-human beings, reverendaugust2. of human things, auguststatelymajestic. (L&S p. 1591, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Salganeus - surname of Apóllohn, from Salganea, a town of Bœotia.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Saligena - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn, as rising from the sea;  he having been born upon the floating island  of Delos.  (source:  CM* p.23)

Sauroktonos, Apollo
-  an epithet of 
Apóllohn:  the lizard slayer. Praxiteles, the great sculptor, made a famous image of Sauroktonos Apóllohn. There are many copies. In the image, Apóllohn rests his arm on a tree as he observes the lizard on the trunk. In the other arm of Apóllohn is an arrow.

Sciastes - surname of Apóllohn from the village Scias, in Laconia.  (source:  CM* p. 23)

Semnos - See Sæmnós.

Sitalcas - surname of Apóllohn, a name from one of his statues at Delphi. (source:  CM* p. 24)

Sminthéfs - (Sminthian or Smintheus; Gr. Σμινθεύς, ΣΜΙΝΘΕΥΣ) Sminthéfs is an epithet of Apóllohn.
Sminthéfs refers to the mouse, a symbol of prophetic power as the mouse was thought to be inspired by vapors arising from the earth. 2. from Sminthæ, a colony of the Cretans in Troas, on the Hellespont: he received the name from having freed the colony from the mice with which their country was infested. The word σμίνθος, in the Cretan langurage, denotes mouse. (source: CM* p.24)
- Lexicon entry: Σμινθεύς, έως, , epith. of Apollo, Il.1.39; either (from Σμίνθος [ed. mouse] or Σμίνθη a town in the Troad.) the Sminthian; or (from σμίνθος) mouse-killer:—also Σμίνθιος, ; written Ζμ-: Σμίνθεια, τά, games at festival of Apollo Σμινθεύς. (L&S p. 1620, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Smintheus or Sminthæus - See Sminthefs

Sminthian - See Sminthefs.

Sohtír - (soter; Gr. σωτήρ, ΣΩΤΗΡ) Lexicon entry: σωτήρ, ῆρος, , voc. σῶτερ: poet. σᾰωτήρ — saviour, deliverer2. epith. of Ζεύς; to whom persons after a safe voyage offered sacrifice; to Ζεὺς Σωτήρ the third cup of wine was dedicated; to drink this cup became a symbol of good luck, and the third time came to mean the lucky time; and Zeus was himself called τρίτος σb. epith. of other Gods, as of Apollo; of Hermes; of Asclepios; of the Dioscuri; even with fem. deities, Τύχη σωτήρ, for σώτειρα: generally, of guardian or tutelary Gods. (L&S p. 1751, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Soractis - surname of Apóllohn from his being worshipped on Mount Soracte.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Sosianus - (Gr)  surname of Apóllohn, healer of madness.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Soter - See Sohtír.

Spærmeios - (spermeius; Gr. Σπερμεῖος, ΣΠΕΡΜΕΙΟΣ) Apóllohn is Spærmeios, he who presides over all of life's generation.
- Lexicon entry: σπερμεῖος, ὁ, presiding over seeds, epith. of Apollo, Orph.H.34.3; fem. Σπερμείη, of Demeter, ib.40.5. (L&S p. 1627, left column, within the entries beginning with σπερμεῖον.)

Spelaites - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn from his being worshipped in grottos.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Spodius - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn, from a word signifying ashes.  Pausanias mentions a place in Bœotia, where he had an altar, erected out of the ashes of victims offered to him.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Sympárædros - (symparedros; Gr. συμπάρεδρος, ΣΥΜΠΑΡΕΔΡΟΣ) Apóllohn is sympárædros, joint-throne-holder with the Zefs of our Earthly system.
- Lexicon entry: 
συμπαρεδρεύω, sit beside, τοῖς ἀθανάτοις. (L&S p. 1681, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Tælǽstohr - (Telestor; Gr. Τελέστωρ) Tælǽstohr is an epithet of Apóllohn which means Initiator or Priest. (L&S p. 1770)

Tegyræus - surname of Apóllohn, from Tegyra, a town of Bœotia.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Telchinius - surname of Apóllohn, from Telchines, a people of Rhodes.  (source CM* p.24) 

Telestor - See Tælǽstohr.

Temenites - surname of Apóllohn, from Temenos, a place of Syracuse.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Thǽzmios - (thesmios; Gr. θέσμιος, ΘΕΣΜΙΟΣ; fem. and masc. nom.) Lexicon entry: θέσμιος, Dor. and Ep. τέθμιοςον, or αον, (θεσμόςfixedsettledlawfulII. θέσμιον, Dor. and Ep. τέθμιοντό, esp. in pl., lawscustomsIII. Θέσμιος, title of Apollo, Paus.5.15.7; of Demeter, Id.8.15.4. (L&S p. 795, left column, edited for simplicity.)

Theorius - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn at Trœzene, a town of Argolis.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Theoxenius - surname of Apóllohn, from the festival Theoxenia, observed in every city of Greece, in honor of Hermes and Apollon.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Thermius - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn, expressive of warmth; his name as the sun at Olympia.  (source:  CM* p. 24)

Thesmius - See Thǽzmios.

Thorates - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn meaning engendering.  (source:  CM* p. 24)

Thornax  - surname of Apóllohn.  (source:  CM* p. 24)

Thurius - surname of Apóllohn at Thurium, a town of Bœotia.  (source:  CM* p. 24)

Thymbræus - surname of Apóllohn, from Thymbra, a plain in Troas, where he had a temple.  (source:  CM* p. 24)

Thyræus - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn from a word signifying gate, entrance: his altars were often placed in entrances.  (source:  CM* p. 24)

Τιτάν - (Titan; Gr. Τιτάν, ΤΙΤΑΝApóllohn (Orphic Hymn 34.3) and his sister Ártæmis (Orphic Hymn 36.2) are called Titánæs (Titans; Gr. Τιτᾶνες, plural.) because they are progeny of the Titan Goddess Litóh (Leto; Gr. Λητώ).

Tityoktónos - (Tityoctonus; Gr. Τιτυοκτόνος, ΤΙΤΥΟΚΤΟΝΟΣ) Tityoktónos, a word meaning the Slayer of Tityós (Τιτυός), is an epithet of both Apóllohn and his sister Ártæmis (Artemis; Gr. Ἄρτεμις). Tityós was a monstrous giant who attempted to rape Litóh (Leto; Gr. Λητώ), the mother of the twins, for which they slew him.
- Lexicon entry: Τῐτῠοκτόνος, ον, slaying Tityus, Call.Dian.1 10, Orph. Hymn. 34.1. (L&S p. 1799, right column, edited for simplicity.)

Thyrxeus - surname of Apóllohn. He had an oracle of universal resort under this name at Cyane in Lycia, where the votaries of the God, by looking into a fountain which was sacred to him, were able to discover all they wished to know.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Tortor - (L) surname of Apóllohn, a name under which he was worshipped in Rome.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Toutiorix - Keltic God equated with Apóllohn(source:  Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 271)

Toxobelemnus - See Toxovǽlæmnos.

Toxophoros - (Gr) surname of Apóllohn, one who bears a bow.  (source:  CM* p.24) 

Toxovǽlæmnos - (Toxobelemnus; Gr. Τοξοβέλεμνος, ΤΟΞΟΒΕΛΕΜΝΟΣ)  Apóllohn is Toxovǽlæmnos, he of the bow and arrows. (Orphic Hymn 34.6)

Triopius - surname of Apóllohn, from his being worshipped at Triopium, in Caria.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Ulius - (Gr) surname for Apóllohn meaning the healthy.  (source:  CM* p. 24)

Vákkhos - (Bacchus; Gr. Βάκχος, ΒΑΚΧΟΣ) Apóllohn is called Vákkhos (Diónysos) in Orphic Hymn 34.7. The two half-brothers share the throne at the great sanctuary of Dælphí (Delphi; Gr. Δελφοί), the center of the ancient religion and the navel of the world. They together are the means by which Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) manifests himself in the world, for Apóllohn expresses his will and voice while Diónysos expresses his action on Earth.

Viodóhtis - (Biodotes; Gr. Βιοδώτης, ΒΙΟΔΩΤΗΣ) Viodóhtis is an epithet of Apóllohn meaning life-giving or giver of livelihood, of Pærsæphóni. Lexicon entry: βῐοδώτης, ου, = βιοδότης, of Apollo; voc. βιοδῶτα:—fem. βῐοδῶτις, ιδοςOrph.H.29.3. (L&S p. 315 right column, within the entries beginning with βιογραφία, edited for simplicity.) 

Vindonnus - Keltic God sometimes equated with Apóllohn(source:  Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture by Bernhard Maier, 2000, p. 281)

Voedromios or Boedromius - (Gr. Βοηδρόμιος ΒΟΗΔΡΌΜΙΟΣ) epithet of Apóllohn in Athens meaning helper in distress, one who runs to your aid, hearing your call.  He held this title because he helped the Athenians defeat the Amazons on the seventh of Voëdromion.  (CM p.20)
- According to another story, the name derives from the war of Erechtheus and Ion against Eumolpus. 
Apóllohn advised the Athenians to attack with a war-shout, boe.

Volianus - surname of Apóllohn, a name of the God among the Gauls.  (source:  CM* p.24) 

Vulturius - (L) surname of Apóllohn, from his having been instrumental in causing the deliverance of a shepherd from a subterraneous cavern, by vultures.  This shepherd raised a temple to him on Mount Lissus in Ionia.  (source:  CM* p.24)

Yænǽtohr(Genetor; Gr. Γενέτωρ, ΓΕΝΕΤΩΡ) Apóllohn Yænǽtohr is the Ancestor. There was in Dílos (Delos; Gr. Δήλος) an altar dedicated to Apóllohn Yænǽtohr in which only bloodless offerings were allowed.

Zerynthius - See Zirinthios.

Zirinthios or Zerynthius -  (Gr. Ζηρύνθιος, ΖΗΡΎΝΘΙΟΣ) Zirinthios is surname of Apóllohn, from Zirinthos (Zerynthus; Gr. Ζήρινθος), a town of Samothaki (Samothrace; Gr. Σαμοθράκη).  (CM p.24)
- (Zirinthos), "a town of Thrace not far from the borders of Aenianes.  It contained a cave of Hecate, a temple of Apollo, and another of Aphrodite, which tow deities hence derived the epithet of Zerynthian.  (Cf. Liv. xxxviii. 41; Ov. Trist. i. 10. 19; Tzetz. ad Lycophr. 449, 958.)" (DGRG vol. II, pp. 1337-1338)

Zohstirios - (Zosterius; Gr. Ζωστήριος, ΖΩΣΤΉΡΙΟΣ) Zohstirios is a surname of Apóllohn, which is defined as encircling the world as with a belt.  (CM p.24)

Zoogonos - (Gr. Ζωόγόνος, ΖΩΌΓΌΝΟΣ) name of Apóllohn meaning generative. (source: Anthologia Graeca/Palatine Anthology 9.525.7)
- producing animals, generativeAret.SD2.5Orph.H.38.3; name of Apollo, AP 9.525.7; producing lifeProcl.Inst.155; θεός Jul.Or.5.175cDam.Pr.267ῥοίζημα ib.282; ῥαθάμιγγες Procl.H.1.10. (L&S p.760, left column at the very top, as a sub-heading under ζωογον-έω)
- Ζωόγόνος is also an epithet of Hera.

Zosterius - See Zohstirios     


PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

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