POSEITHOHN - ΠΟΣΕΙΔΩΝ
6. Poseithohn (Poseidon; Gr. Ποσειδῶν, ΠΟΣΕΙΔΩΝ. Pronounced: poh-see-THOHN', accent on the last syllable; the d (delta) at the beginning of the last syllable is pronounced like a soft th as in this, not like the th in theory.) [Roman: Neptune. Etruscan: Nethuns]
Poseithohn is one of the most important deities of Hellenismos and one of the Twelve Olympian Gods. He is the son of Kronos (Cronus; Gr. Κρόνος) and Ræa (Rhea; Gr. Ῥέα), brother of Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) and Ploutohn (Pluto; Gr. Πλούτων) as well as Æstia (Hestia; Gr. Ἑστία) and Dimitir (Demeter; Gr. Δημήτηρ).
In the common mythology, Poseithohn has a particular interest in horses and, naturally, sailors. He is the great shaker of the earth who produce is said to produce earthquakes.
Poseithohn has dominion over the Natural Law of Progress or Evolution. His province is the Sea and the Middle Sky up to the moon (see below). As such, Poseithohn has dominion over the souls of those who are between lives and who dwell in the Middle Sky, while Ploutohn rules the souls of those between lives who dwell in the lower sky next to the earth, they who are called the landed daimons because they are tied to the earth because of crimes they have committed.
Poseithohn is Zefs (Zeus) of the Sea and the Middle Sky. His dominion begins from just above the surface of the Earth and just above the sea-floor. Ploutohn has dominion of the sea-floor and the Earth (and just a little above), but beyond this is the domain of Poseithohn. The area which includes the Sea and extending above the Sea and above the Earth up to the Yposælinia (Hyposelenia; Gr. Υποσελήνια), the area just below the moon is the domain of Poseithohn. The area from the Earth up to the moon is called the Middle Sky. Above the Middle Sky is the dominion of Olympian Zefs. Therefore, these are the three Gods we call Zefs: Olympian Zefs, Poseithohn (Zefs of the Sea and the Middle Sky), and Plouto (Terrestrial Zefs, Zefs of the Earth), as explained by Proclus:
In the symbolism of the Orphic egg, Ploutohn is the yolk, Zefs is the cortex (the outer layer), Poseithohn is the middle section (the liquid or "white"); these are the three Zefs.
In iconography, Poseithohn is depicted as fully mature and bearded, powerful and severe, wielding the trident and often accompanied by horses or sea-creatures.
Orphic House, the month of Pisces
(Gr. Ιχθείς) from February 21 through March 20, and his dominion is the Natural Law of Progress or Evolution. The Divine Consort of Poseithohn is the Goddess Dimitir (Demeter). The Orphic Hymns suggest an offering of myrrh to Poseithohn. Labdanum is another traditional offering.
POSEITHOHN, ZEFS, AND PLOUTO from Proklos 
That the name Neptune (ed. Poseithon) is now triply analysed. For Neptune is the trident-bearer, and the Tritons, and Amphitrite are the familiars of this God. And the first analyzation of his name is from the allotment over which he presides, and from souls coming into generation, in whom the circle of sameness is fettered; since the sea is analogous to generation. But the second is from communion with the first.
For a Jupiter (ed. Zefs) of this kind, is the proximate intelligible of Neptune (ed. Poseithohn). But the third analysis of his name is from his energy in externals. For he is motive of nature, and vivific (ed. life-generating) of things last. He is also the guardian of the earth, and excites it to generation.
That Neptune (ed. Poseithohn) is an intellectual demiurgic God, who receives souls descending into generation; but Hades (ed. Aithis) is an intellectual demiurgic God, who frees souls from generation. For as our whole period receives a triple division, into a life prior to generation, which is Jovian, into a life in generation which is Neptunian, and into a life posterior to generation which is Plutonian; Pluto, who is characterised by intellect, very properly converts ends to beginnings, effecting a circle without a beginning, and without an end, not only in souls, but also in every fabrication of bodies, and in short, of all periods; - which circle also, he perpetually convolves. Thus for instance, he converts the ends to the beginnings of the souls of the stars, and the convolutions of souls about generation, and the like. And hence Jupiter (ed. Zefs) is the guardian of the life of souls prior to generation.
For more of this essay, visit this page:
EPITHETS OF POSEITHOHN
Æmpylios - (Empylios; Gr. Ἐμπύλιος, ΕΜΠΥΛΙΟΣ) at the gate, epith. of Artemis Hecate, Orphic Argonaftika 902: Boeot. ἐμπύληος ( = -λαιος), epith. of Poseidon at Thebes, IG 7.2465 (iv/iii B. C.). (L&S p. 549, left column)
Chamaizelos - See Khamaizilos.
Khamaizilos - (Chamaizelos; Gr. Χαμαίζηλος, ΧΑΜΑΙΖΗΛΟΣ. Etym. Χᾰμαί means on the ground, on the earth; ζῆλος means jealousy or envy, so he likes to be on the Earth) Khamaizilos is Khthonic Zefs = Ploutohn, or Khthonic Poseithohn.
- Ζεὺς χ., = χθόνιος, Orph.A.931; Ποσειδῶν χ. IG22.1367. (L&S p. 1975, right column, within the entries beginning with χᾰμαι-γενής, sub-heading χᾰμαί-ζηλος)
Nymphagætis - (Gr. Νυμϕᾱγέτης, ΝΥΜΦΑΓΕΤΗΣ) leader of the Nymphs.
- Lexicon entry: νυμφᾱ-γέτς, ου, ὁ, leader of the Nymphs, epith. of Poseidon, Corn.ND 22; of Pan, IG42(1).130.15 (Epid.) ; cf. νυμφηγέτης. (L&S p. 1184, left column, within the entries beginning with νυμφᾱ-γενής)
 Extract from the Manuscript Scolia of Proclus On the Cratylus of Plato, found in The Theology of Plato/Proclus, trans. Thomas Taylor, Prometheus Trust (Somerset UK), Vol. VIII of The Thomas Taylor Series, p.683. See more of this in the brief essay entitled Kronos and His Three Sons on this page: KRONOS - ΚΡΌΝΟΣ
 Ibid. Thomas Taylor, pp.685-686.
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