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GLOSSARY OF MAGIC IN ANCIENT GREEK LANGUAGE

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Please also visit the main page on this subject: Magic, Ancient Greek Religion, and Orphism.

Please also see: Divination in Ancient Greek Religion.


Æpohdí - (epode; Gr. ἐπῳδή, ΕΠΩΙΔΗ. Noun.) – spell or sung enchantment.

Alchemy – See Khymeia. 

Amulet – See Pæríamma. 

Ará – (Gr. ἀρά, ΑΡΑ. Noun.) a curse, sometimes a vow or a prayer. 

Asævís – (asebes; Gr. ἀσεβής, ΑΣΕΒΗΣ. Adjective.) impious, sacrilegious, blasphemous. 

Asǽveia - (asebeia; Gr. ἀσέβεια, ΑΣΕΒΕΙΑ. Noun.) impiety, blasphemy. 

Asebes – See Asævís. 

Astrologer - Astrológos. 

Astrology – See Astroloyía. 

Astroloyía – (astrologia; Gr. ἀστρολογία, ΑΣΤΡΟΛΟΓΙΑ. Noun.) – originally astronomy (ἀστρονομία) but the word came to refer to astrology, divination by observation of the heavenly bodies in conjunction with the zodiac. 

Astrológos – (Gr. ἀστρολόγος, ΑΣΤΡΟΛΟΓΟΣ. Noun.) – originally astronomer but the word came to mean astrologer. 

Augury – See Iohnistikí. 

Belomancy – See Vælomándeia. 

Belomanteia – See Vælomándeia.

Blasphemy – See Asǽveia. 

Catadesis – See Katádæsis. 

Catadesmus – See Katádæsmos.

Catado – See Katádoh. 

Celema – See Kílima. 

Charm (noun) – See Pæríamma. 

Chymeia – See Khymeia. 

Curse (noun) – See Ará. 

Curse Tablet – See Katádæsmos. 

Epatoscopia – See Ipatoskopía. 

Epode – See Æpohdí. 

Geomancy – See Yæohmandeia. 

Geomanteia – See Yæohmandeia. 

Goës – See Góïs. 

Goeteia – See Goïteia. 

Góïs – (goës; Gr. γόης, ΓΟΗΣ. Noun. Etym. γοάω, “to groan.”) – magician, sorcerer, one who howls out enchantments, juggler, cheat. 

Goïteia – (goeteia; Gr. γοητεία, ΓΟΗΤΕΙΑ. Noun.) – witchcraft, deception, to cheat. 

Haruspicy – See Ipatoskopía. 

Hepatomancy – See Ipatoskopía. 

Hepatoscopy – See Ipatoskopía. 

Hydromancy – See Ydromandeia. 

Hydromanteia – See Ydromandeia. 

Impiety (Noun) – See Asǽveia. 

Impious (Adjective) – See Asævís. 

Iohnistikí – (oionistice; Gr. οἰωνιστική, ΟΙΩΝΙΣΤΙΚΗ. Participle of adj.) divination from the flight of birds, augury. 

Iohnós – (oionos; Gr. οἰωνός, ΟΙΩΝΟΣ. Noun.) – an omen derived from a bird of augury. 

Ipatoskopía - (epatoscopia; Gr. ἡπατοσκοπία, ΗΠΑΤΟΣΚΟΠΙΑ. Noun.) inspection of the liver of a sacrificial animal for the purpose of divination, hepatoscopy, haruspicy, hepatomancy. 

Katádæsis – (catadesis; Gr. κατάδεσις, ΚΑΤΑΔΕΣΙΣ. Noun.) – binding by spells. 

Katádæsmos – (catadesmus; Gr. κατάδεσμος, ΚΑΤΑΔΕΣΜΟΣ. Noun.) a curse tablet designed to bind its victim by a spell. 

Katádoh – (catado; Gr. κατᾴδω, ΚΑΤΑΙΔΩ. Verb.) – sing a spell or incantation. 

Khymeia - (chymeia; Gr. χυμεία, ΧΥΜΕΙΑ. Noun. Also χημεία, χημία) – alchemy. 

Kílima – (celema; Gr. κήλημα, ΚΗΛΗΜΑ. Noun.) – spell or charm. 

Mageia – See Mayeia. 

Mageumata – See Mayévmata. 

Magic – See Mayeia, Mayévmata, and Pharmakeia. 

Mágos – (magus; Gr. μάγος, ΜΑΓΟΣ. Noun.) – wizard, impostor. The word originally meaning a Magian, one of the Median tribe, or one of the priests of Persia. 

Magus – See Mágos. 

Mandeia – (manteia; Gr. μαντεία, ΜΑΝΤΕΙΑ. Noun.) – divination. 

Mandosýni – (mantosyne; Gr. μαντοσύνη, ΜΑΝΤΟΣΥΝΗ. Noun.) – divination. 

Manganeuo – See Manganévoh. 

Manganévoh – (manganeuo; Gr. μαγγανεύω, ΜΑΓΓΑΝΕΥΩ. Verb.) – using magic charms. 

Manteia – See Mandeia. 

Mantosyne – See Mandosýni. 

Mayeia – (mageia; Gr. μαγεία, ΜΑΓΕΙΑ. Noun.) – magic, originally, the theology of the Magians. 

Mayévmata – (mageumata; Gr. μαγεύματα, ΜΑΓΕΥΜΑΤΑ. Noun. Plural of μάγευμα.) witchcraftthe use of spells and charms. 

Necromancy – See Psykhagoyein.

Occultknowledge of the hidden, of the paranormal.

Oionistice – See Iohnistikí.

Oionos – See Iohnós. 

Órnis – (Gr. ὄρνις, ΟΡΝΙΣ. Noun.) – bird of augury, omen derived from their calls or flight. 

Pæríamma – (periamma; Gr. περίαμμα, ΠΕΡΙΑΜΜΑ. Noun.) a charm, an amulet. 

Periamma – See Pæríamma. 

Pharmaceia – See Pharmakeia. 

Pharmaceus – See Pharmakéfs.

Pharmacis – See Pharmakís.

Pharmakéfs – (pharmaceus; Gr. φαρμακεύς, ΦΑΡΜΑΚΕΥΣ. Noun.) – poisoner, sorcerer.

Pharmakeia – (pharmaceia; Gr. φαρμακεῖα, ΦΑΡΜΑΚΕΙΑ. Noun.) witchcraft, use of spells and drugs, poisoning.

Pharmakís – (pharmacis; Gr. φαρμακίς, ΦΑΡΜΑΚΙΣ. Noun.) witch, sorceress.

Pházma – (Gr. φάσμα, ΦΑΣΜΑ. Noun.) – portent, omen.

Pheme – See Phími.

Phíltron – (Gr. φίλτρον, ΦΙΛΤΡΟΝ. Noun.) love-charm or love-potion.

Phími – (pheme; Gr. φήμη, ΦΗΜΗ. Noun.) – omen, prophetic utterance.

Psychagogein – See Psykhagoyein.

Psykhagoyein – (psychagogein; Gr. ψυχαγωγεῖν, ΨΥΧΑΓΩΓΕΙΝ) conjure the dead by means of rituals and offerings, necromancy.

Pyromancy – See Pyromandeia.

Pyromandeia – (pyromanteia; Gr. πυρομαντεία, ΠΥΡΟΜΑΝΤΕΙΑ. Noun.) divination by fire, pyromancy.

Pyromanteia – See Pyromandeia.

Rabdomanteia – See Ravdomandeia.

Ravdomandeia – (rabdomanteia; Gr. ῥαβδομαντεία, ΡΑΒΔΟΜΑΝΤΕΙΑ. Noun.) divination by means of a rod or wand, rhabdomancy.

Rhabdomancy – See Ravdomandeia.

Sorceress – See Pharmakís.

Symbolus – See Sýmvolos.

Sýmvolos – (symbolus; Gr. σύμβολος, ΣΥΜΒΟΛΟΣ. Noun.) – omen.

Tarot cardsdivination by use of playing cards with its origin likely in the 14th century.

Vælomándeia – (belomanteia; Gr. βελομάντεια, ΒΕΛΟΜΑΝΤΕΙΑ. Noun.) divination by means of arrows, belomancy.

Witch – See Pharmakís.

Witchcraft – See Mayévmata and Pharmakeia.

Ydromandeia – (hydromanteia; Gr. ὑδρομαντεία, ΥΔΡΟΜΑΝΤΕΙΑ. Noun.) divination by water, hydromancy.

Yæohmandeia – (geomanteia; Gr. φεωμαντεία, ΓΕΩΜΑΝΤΕΙΑ. Noun.) divination by earth, geomancy.


Please also visit the main page on this subject: Magic, Ancient Greek Religion, and Orphism.

Please also see: Divination in Ancient Greek Religion.


The story of the birth of the GodsOrphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.
How do we know there are Gods? Experiencing Gods.



The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia, Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase (Γῆς παῖς εἰμί καὶ Οὐρανοῦ ἀστερόεντος) are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara, κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo, Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus, Ὀρφεύς). 



PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.

The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek        

 

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