FREEDOM - ÆLEFTHÆRÍA - ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ

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"Has not Zeus given you directions? Has he not given to you what is your own, free from hindrance and free from impediment, and what is not your own subject to hindrance and impediment?"  
(Æpíktitos (Epictetus; Gr. Ἐπίκτητος) Disc. 1:25, trans. George Long 1877.)


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Ælefthæría (Eleutheria; Gr. Ἐλευθερία, ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ. Pronounced ay-lef-thĕ-REE-ah) Lexicon Entry: ἐλευθερία, Ion. -ιη, ἡ freedom, liberty. Hdt.1.62,95. (L&S p. 532, left column, edited for simplicity.)

 Freedom is the ninth Natural Law and is instinctual in all beings and beloved of the Gods. Freedom is a major principle in Ællinismόs (Hellenismos; Gr. Ἑλληνισμός), and as such, Ællinismόs is tolerant of a vast multitude of viewpoints. All the Gods live in complete freedom and they desire and promote this freedom for us as well. The Gods never violate our freedom and as practitioners of the Olympian religion, we attempt to live with a like discipline towards our fellows and the phenomenal world. This being such, Hellenic religion does not and has never supported institutions such as slavery or the domination of peoples, despite the behavior of ancient civilizations. The foundation of Hellenismos is securely grounded in freedom and tolerance. This can be demonstrated even in the manner in which we worship our Gods: we do not kneel or prostrate (προσκύνησις) as they do in other religions. All the vast multitude of the glorious Gods are free and they wish us to be free also.

Freedom is a Natural Law and its expression in human endeavor by means of Justice is upheld by all the Gods, but it is particularly the dominion of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). 

Freedom is also very much associated with Diónysos (Gr. Διόνυσος), one of whose epithets is Ælefthæréfs (Eleutherius; Gr. Ἐλευθερεύς) meaning liberatorhe who makes free. In the Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony (The Sixth King) we learn that Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς) established a new generation of creatures --- our generation --- beings endowed with immortal souls like the Gods themselves, but whose bodies are subject to sickness, violence, and death. Through the process of reincarnation (παλιγγενεσία), our souls return in new bodies in an involuntary circle of births (κύκλος γενέσεως) replete with sorrows. Although we experience much beauty in our lives, the mortal condition is also inherently painful. This is the best possible world which could be created due to constraints of nature. Zefs is aware of this and devised a great plan to alleviate us from our misery; he conceived a mighty son, Diónysos, who is the fulfillment of his providence. Through his Mysteries, Diónysos frees us from the endless circle of re-births. He was known to the Romans as Father Liber, i.e. Father Free. The Latin word for freedom is libertas, which has as its root the word liber, from which we have the English words liberal, liberty, liberate, and many others. Lewis and Short define liber thus: that acts according to his own will and pleasure, is his own master; free (LD p. 1056, right column.).


 

It is not that I adulate the people:

   Without me, there are demagogues enough,
And infidels, to pull down every steeple,
   And set up in their stead some proper stuff.
Whether they may sow scepticism to reap hell,
   As is the Christian dogma rather rough,
I do not know; --- I wish men to be free
As much from mobs as kings --- from you as me.

Lord Byron Don Juan Canto the Ninth XXV 



The story of the birth of the GodsOrphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

Introduction to the Thæí (the Gods): The Nature of the Gods.



The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς). 


PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as mythology, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result.  The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level.  Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

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