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SIX KINGS - ÆX VASILÆOHN - ΕΞ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ


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The Six Vasileis

The Six Vasileis (Basileis = Kings; Gr. Βασιλεῖς, plural.
[1]) are great deities of Ællinismόs (Hellenismos; Gr. Ἑλληνισμός), the ancient Greek religion. Vasileis is the ancient Greek word meaning "kings." The succession of the Six Kings is told in the Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.

T
he Six Kings are the progression or evolution of the active primary substance Ýdohr (Hydor; Gr. Ὕδωρ), which is the ancient Greek word for "water." Orphéfs, the great Thæológos (Theologus or Theologian; Gr. Θεολόγος), described the universe as an Egg emerging from a primordial mixture. Within this mixture exist two fundamental substances, Earth and Water. Of the classical elements, Pyr (Fire; Gr. Πῦρ) and Aithír (Aether; Gr. Αἰθήρ) are closely related to Water; they are all what are called continuous substance; Plátohn (Plato; Gr. Πλάτων) in Tímaios (Τίμαιος 56d-57a) says that these three elements have a quality in common and they can become one another, whereas the final element, Earth, always remains Earth. In the Orphic kozmogony, the progression of these kings begins with Aithír, a form of Water, and he is called Phánis (Phanes; Gr. Φάνης), "he who reveals," or Prohtogónos (Protogonus; Gr. Πρωτογόνος), the "First-Born" of the Gods.

The progression of the Six Kings is as follows:

1. Phánis (Phanes; Gr. Φάνης)
2. Nyx (Gr. Νύξ)
3. Ouranós (Uranus; Gr. Οὐρανός)
4. Krónos (Cronus; Gr. Κρόνος)
5. Zefs (Zeus; Gr. Ζεύς)
6. Diónysos (Dionysus; Gr. Διόνυσος)


Phánis and Nyx

The first two of these deities, Phánis and Nyx, are impersonal Gods; they are great forces, but they cannot "hear your prayers," so to speak. Phánis is the primordial deity who in the mythology enters the Cave of Nyx and reveals what is pre-existent, but unexpressed, thereby "creating" the Kózmos (Cosmos; Gr. Κόσμος). 


The Three Vasíleiai and Earth 

Ouranós is the first personal God; the next two in the progression of kings, Krónos and Zefs, are also personal Gods, conscious entities. These three male deities are paired with Goddesses known as the Three Vasíleiai (Basileiai; Gr. βασίλειαι, plural of βασίλεια), a word meaning "queens." The Three Vasíleiai are the progression of the second and receptive kozmogonic substance, Yi or Yaia (Ge or Gaia; Gr. Γῆ or Γαῖα), which are ancient Greek words for "earth." The Three Vasíleiai are also personal deities. 

The Three Vasíleiai are as follows:

1. Yaia (Gaia; Gr. Gr. Γαῖα)
2. Rǽa (Rhea; Gr. Ῥέα)
3. Íra (Hera; Gr. Ήρα)



The Pairs of Queens and Kings

The Three Kings and the Three Queens work together as pairs. This pairing is described by theologists as marriage.

The pairs of Kings and Queens are as follows:

Yaia and Ouranós
Rǽa and Krónos
Íra and Zefs


Diónysos is the final King

The progression of Aithír is associated with the genitive power and the power of Mind. Ouranós and Krónos are associated with and are progressions of Nous (Gr. Νοῦς), Mind or Intellect; this progression culminates in mighty Zefs, who becomes the king of Gods and men forever. Diónysos is the sixth king and in this role he is known as the Klironómos (Cleronomus; Gr. Κληρονόμος), the heir or successor. As is described in the Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony, Phánis ruled over the Golden Age; Krónos ruled over the Silver Age [2] . When Zefs became king, he created a new generation of beings: our generation. This generation of creatures have immortal souls but, although we experience great beauty in our lives, we have bodies subject to death which is the result of old age, illness, or violence. Our souls return in new bodies, sometimes male, sometimes female, as tiny creatures, insects and all the myriad fish and animals, and also as humans, in a sorrowful circle of births (κύκλος γενέσεως). Constrained by natural laws which even the Gods cannot violate, this is the best possible universe. But Zefs in his great wisdom and compassion contrived a means of release from our misery; he conceived a son, Diónysos, born to free us from the sorrowful circle of births by means of his Mysteries.



GLOSSARY

Vasiléfs - (Basileus; Gr. βασιλεύς, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ. βασιλέως is gen. singular. Βασιλεῖς is nom. plural. βασιλέων is genitive plural.) Vasiléfs means king, lord, or master.
- Lexicon entry: βᾰσῐλεύς, , gen. έως, Ep. ῆος, Cypr. ῆϝος: acc. βασιλέα, contr. -: nom. pl. βασιλεῖς, Aeol. -ηες, -ειες, -ῆες, old Att. -ῆς (both lyr.): acc. pl. βασιλέας, later βασιλεῖς:— king, chief. b. of the Gods (in this sense Hom. uses ἄναξ); as cult title of Zeus. (L&S p. 309, left column, edited for simplicity.)


NOTES

[1] The title of this page, ἕξ Βασιλέων, is in the genitive, which is how titles are presented in ancient Greek.

[2] Isíodos (Hesiod; Gr. Ἡσίοδος) in Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέραι (Works and Days) 109-201 describes five ages of man, assigning the Golden and Silver ages differently.




The logo to the left is the principal symbol of this website. It is called the CESS logo, i.e. the Children of the Earth and the Starry Sky. The Pætilía (Petelia; Gr. Πετηλία) and other golden tablets having this phrase are the inspiration for the symbol. The image represents this idea: Earth (divisible substance) and the Sky (continuous substance) are the two kozmogonic substances. The twelve stars represent the Natural Laws, the dominions of the Olympian Gods. In front of these symbols is the seven-stringed kithára (cithara; Gr. κιθάρα), the lyre of Apóllohn (Apollo; Gr. Ἀπόλλων). It (here) represents the bond between Gods and mortals and is representative that we are the children of Orphéfs (Orpheus; Gr. Ὀρφεύς).




PLEASE NOTE: Throughout the pages of this website, you will find fascinating stories about our Gods. These narratives are known as

 

, the traditional stories of the Gods and Heroes. While these tales are great mystical vehicles containing transcendent truth, they are symbolic and should not be taken literally. A literal reading will frequently yield an erroneous result. The meaning of the myths is concealed in code. To understand them requires a key. For instance, when a God kills someone, this usually means a transformation of the soul to a higher level. Similarly, sexual union with a God is a transformation.


The story of the birth of the Gods: Orphic Rhapsodic Theogony.
We know the various qualities and characteristics of the Gods based on metaphorical stories: Mythology
Dictionary of terms related to ancient Greek mythology: Glossary of Hellenic Mythology.

SPELLING: HellenicGods.org uses the Reuchlinian method of pronouncing ancient Greek, the system preferred by scholars from Greece itself. An approach was developed to enable the student to easily approximate the Greek words. Consequently, the way we spell words is unique, as this method of transliteration is exclusive to this website. For more information, visit these three pages: 

Pronunciation of Ancient Greek            

 

Transliteration of Ancient Greek            

 

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